previous next


Accounts from Northern sources,
the recent battles, &c.

From Baltimore papers of the 22d inst., we make up a summary of recent events, which, however, do not reach the close of the great battle on Sunday at Stone Bridge. These accounts, it must be remembered, are thoroughly Black Republican, and we give them for what they are worth:


The battle of Bull's Run.

Washington, July 21--P. M.
The telegraph, doubtless, has kept you advised of leading facts up to the present writing. Rumors of all kinds are prevalent here, as elsewhere. It is quite difficult, therefore, to reach the truth, either absolute or in detail.

I have conversed with a number of officers and others who were either actively engaged in or spectators to the conflict at Bull's Run, on Thursday last. Gentlemen from this city, who rode out yesterday to the scene of action, and left there in the afternoon, have likewise given me accounts of what they saw. An officer of the Massachusetts Sixth Regiment, who was with the Federal pickets all of Friday night, says they were often within easy musket shot of the Confederate scouts; could see them distinctly, and at no great distance beyond their grand army rose into view.--Immense bodies of troops, with their glittering arms, were plainly discernable, including cavalry, artillery, infantry, &c. The general hum and noise of an immense army preparing for battle impressed itself upon the ear.--The shrill railroad whistle sounded at short intervals, indicative of the arrival and departure of trains, probably bringing reinforcements, and returning for more. My informant asserts constant firing of the enemy's pickets was heard all night, and six or seven volleys similar to discharges of regiments also greeted his ears. These evidently proceeded from the Confederates, and as no Federal forces had gone out to attack, the presumption was the Confederates, by some mistake, had fired into each other. This, however, was only conjecture. From all that could be ascertained there was no doubt of the enemy being strongly entrenched and fortified, with a large army in readiness for action.

A letter from a prominent and reliable source — a party engaged in the action of Bull's Run, dated the day following, has been shown me. It does not hesitate in calling the assault upon the masked battery there a palpable mistake or blunder, and an unfortunate one, resulting in a proportionate degree adversely to the Federal forces, but by no means decisive one way or the other. It was an accidental repulse rather than a defeat, calculated to beget greater caution in future. There were only three or four regiments, amongst which was the Massachusetts First and the New York Twelfth, recently enlisted (not Col. Butterfield's Twelfth Regiment of volunteers, as supposed by some,) in the fight.--They had but little opportunity of proving effective, being opened upon in surprise by a raking fire of the masked battery, and obliged to retire. Some assert they run badly, unbecoming the true soldier, whilst others say they did not. The odds were unquestionably adverse to the Federal troops in this affair, owing solely to the enemy's superior position and his hidden battery. General McDowell, I am told, was some miles in the rear, with his advancing column, when the engagement was provoked by General Tyler, as is alleged, contrary to his (General McDowell's) orders.

The letter to which I allude, states the Federal loss in killed to be about 25, and 30 or 40 wounded. Most of these were of the First Massachusetts.

A very intelligent gentleman, who left the scene at Bull's Run late yesterday afternoon, who took pains to inform himself, says he saw twenty-eight dead bodies of the Federal soldiers, which he believed constituted the whole number of killed, and was told of thirty or forty wounded and missing, many of whom he saw. Some were terribly mangled. One man had his thigh shattered awfully by a grape shot, others were pierced through the arms, legs, &c., with musket balls. The wadding of a cannon ball had so chaffed the head and face of one young man as to deprive him of sight. The lamentations of the wounded were painful, though a few not seriously injured, were eager to give battle again, and in high spirits.

The destruction of property and outrages perpetrated by a few of the soldiers on route, are severely reprehended, and peremptory orders have been given to punish all such offences and offenders in future, even unto death. The lightest penalty is ball and chain.

This same informant could see the enemy, not over two and a half or three miles distant, actively manœnvering, and in imposing numbers. He also believed large reinforcements had reached Gen. Beauregard at Manassas Junction, among which was a strong force from Gen. Johnston.

There seems no doubt here — I have it from well informed sources — that Gen. Patterson, not having given entire satisfaction, has been, or very soon will be, supplanted by General Banks. The place of Gen. Banks to be filled by Gen. Dix. It is alleged Gen. Patterson moved too slowly, allowing Gen. Johnston to retreat and reinforce Beauregard at Manassas, which seriously interferes with the programme of Gen. Scott. I have it also, but cannot vouch for the truth thereof, that eighteen regiments under Patterson refused to move if he were retained in command. It is currently stated here to-day that the above changes have been agreed upon.

There is said to be much anxiety in high quarters, and some discomfiture, but no want of confidence in anticipated results. Vigorous efforts are making towards reinforcing General McDowell, and in a short time his army, it is expected, will be equal to any emergency.

It is conceded on all sides that a desperate, a terrible battle, must soon occur at or near Manassas Junction.

Some dozen or fifteen Secession prisoners, captured in struggling parties at various points South of the Potomac, were brought into Washington yesterday and confined in the jail for safe keeping.

P. S.--It is now 1½ P. M., and I have just seen a very intelligent person, whose name I did not ascertain, apparently much excited.--He professes to have news from the War Department, which is up to 10½ o'clock this morning, announcing Bull's Run battery taken by the Federal troops, and that fighting — a terrible battle — has been raging all the morning with immense slaughter.

The Confederates are said to have been reinforced by General Johnston, and now have an army of eighty thousand men. This informant further says some eight or ten regiments have just been ordered from Washington to reinforce McDowell. I, however, take his whole story with many grains of allowance. The telegraph only works to Fairfax, and I am too near it just now to credit all outside rumors. To-night will solve the mystery.

It is almost painful to behold the anxiety in this metropolis to hear from the seat of war. The rumor of Beauregard being so strongly reinforced, and accounts of this immense army, computed by those who, perhaps, do not know, at eighty thousand, is calculated to beget the idea of a terrible conflict when it does take place. The Federal army, however, is said to be fully adequate to the emergency; large as can be wielded to advantage.


The battle of Stone Bridge.

The Baltimore Sun, of Monday last, is filled with what are called "Highly Interesting Details of the Battle," and from these details we learn what was meant, in the beginning of our Washington dispatches yesterday, by "Our troops, after gaining a great victory, were repulsed, and forced to fall back on Washington." Without tiring our readers with the lying dispatches, sent at intervals to Washington all day Sunday, we copy the summary of the whole. If there was ever a greater tissue of falsehoods published, it has escaped our observation. It is as follows:

Centerville, July 21--P. M.--A most severe and general battle was fought to-day at Bull's Run Bridge. The conflict was most desperate and bloody, lasting over nine hours.

’ The programme of the battle, as stated in my first dispatch, was carried out until the troops met a succession of masked batteries, which were attacked with great vigor and bravery, and successively alarmed and taken, (1) with severe loss of life.

Our troops advanced as follows: Col. Richardson, who distinguished himself in the previous engagement with the batteries at Bull's Run, proceeded on the left with four regiments of the 4th brigade, to hold the Federal battery stationed on the hill on the Warrenton road in the vicinity in which the last battle (the Bull's Run battle) was fought.

The flank movements were carried out, as described in my first dispatch.

of fires from masked batteries, which were opened in every direction. When one was silenced, its place was taken by two, and the daring charges of our infantry in unmasking them exhibited the most dauntless courage.

The 2d Ohio and the 2d New York Militia were marched by flank through the woods by a new-made road, and within a mile of the main road, when they came on a battery of eight guns, with four regiments flanked in the rear.

Our men were immediately ordered to lie down on either side of the road, in order to allow two pieces of artillery to pass through and attack the work. This battery then opened upon us and killed, on the third round, Lieut. Dempsey, of company 9, New York 2d, and Wm. Maxwell, a drummer, and seriously wounding several others.

Our troops were kept in this position for fifteen or twenty minutes under a galling fire, not being able to exchange shots with the enemy, although within a stone's throw of their batteries. They succeeded in retiring in regular order with their battery.

The most gallant charge of the day was made by the New York Sixty-ninth, Seventy-ninth and Thirteenth Regiments, which rushed upon one of the batteries, firing as they proceeded with perfect clan, attacking it with the bayonet's point. Their yell of triumph seemed to carry all before them.

They found that the rebels had abandoned the battery as they approached, and had only succeeded in carrying off one gun. This success was acquired only after a severe loss of life, in which the Sixty-ninth Regiment suffered most severely, and it is reported that the Lieutenant Colonel was among those first killed.

Ellsworth's Zouaves also distinguished themselves by their spirited assault on the batteries at the point of the bayonet; but it is feared that their loss is immense.

Up to the hour of three P. M., it was generally understood that we had hemmed in the enemy entirely, and that they were gradually retreating; that Col. Hunter had driven them back in the rear, and that Col. Heintzelman's command was meeting with every success, and that it required but the reserve of Gen. Tyler's Division to push on to Manassas Junction.

A Mississippi soldier was taken prisoner by private Hasbrouck, of the Wisconsin Second Regiment. He turned out to be Brigadier Quartermaster Pryor, a cousin of Roger A. Pryor. He was captured with his horse as he by accident rode within our lines.

From the statements of this prisoner, it appears that our artillery has created great havoc among the rebels, of whom there is from thirty to forty thousand in the field under the command of Gen. Beauregard, whilst they have a reserve of seventy-five thousand at the Junction.

He describes an officer, most prominent in the fight, distinguished from the rest from his white horse, as Jeff. Davis. He confirms the previous reports of a regiment of negro troops in the rebel forces. He says it is difficult to get them in proper discipline in battle array.

He discovered himself by remarking to Hasbrouck, "We are getting badly cut to pieces. "

"What regiment do you belong to," asked Hasbrouck.

"The Nineteenth Mississippi," was the answer.

"Then you are my prisoner," said Hasbrouck.

The position of the enemy extended in three lines, in the form of a triangle, the apex fronting the centre of our columns.

The area seems to have been filled with masked batteries.

At 7 o'clock this evening guns were still heard firing at short intervals.

It should be remembered that the foregoing was really telegraphed from Washington to the Northern press, though dated Centreville. On Sunday, it is stated, Washington was "wild with joy," and it is probable that the real state of affairs was not publicly known there until the arrival of the panic-stricken fugitives from the battle-field. The following is the latest dispatch sent North on Sunday night:

Washington, July 21, 11 P. M. 11 P. M.--The most intense excitement is everywhere existing to hear further from the field of battle. Every returning spectator of the event is immediately summoned to relate his observations. The demand for intelligence is insatiable. Many unauthorized rumors prevail which seem to confuse the truth.

The smoke of the battle could be seen from the eminences in Washington. A number of members of Congress and even ladies went to the neighborhood of Bull Run to witness the battle. One of these members reports that Col. Hunter, of the third Cavalry, acting as Major-General, was seriously, if not mortally wounded.

It is stated in all quarters, and the sad news is generally credited, that Colonel Cameron, of the Seventy-ninth Regiment, and brother of the Secretary of War, and also Col. Slocum, of the Second Rhode Island Regiment, were killed in the action.

It appears from intelligence received in Richmond, from a reliable gentleman, that the enemy thought they had whipped the Confederates at 3 o'clock P. M., and so telegraphed to Gen. Scott, who was at Centreville. This was sent to Washington, and thence telegraphed North.


From Fortress Monroe.

The following is from the Baltimore papers of Monday last:

The steamer Georgiana, Capt. Pierson, arrived on Saturday morning from Old Point Comfort, with a number of passengers. She brought intelligence that Dr. T. E. Rawillegs, correspondent of the New York Commercial Advertiser; Captain Holliday, Capt. Edward Jenkins, Lieut. Small and private Small, of the Naval Brigade, and R. Shurtliff, left Hampton on Friday morning about 1 o'clock, on a scouting expedition. About daylight they were surprised by a party of Confederates near New Market, and at the first fire Dr. Rawlings was killed by a shot through his head. Lieutenant Johnson and Mr. Shurtliff were also supposed to have been killed, and the remainder made their escape.

Everything was quiet about the Fortress and vicinity, but from information received it was apprehended that an attack would be speedily made at Newport News Point.

The Quaker City ran up to Fortress Monroe on Friday, having on board Captain Baker, a wrecker, who had resided for several years in Norfolk. He was picked up in a small beat outside of Cape Henry, while attempting to escape to the North.

On reaching Fortress Monroe, Capt. Baker was summoned before Gen. Butler, who questioned him as to the condition of the defences and troops at and about Norfolk and Ports, mouth. He stated that the defences are of the most formidable character, and the troops are in excellent spirits. He expressed the opinion that Norfolk is prepared to resist any attack that may be made upon it, and the number of troops between that city and Richmond is immense.

Provisions are abundant and cheap. Flour is selling as low as in this city, while fresh butter is selling for eighteen cents per pound, and new potatoes at twenty-five cents per bushel. They have also an ample supply of salt meats with plenty of fresh meat.

On the coast Capt. B. says seventeen vessels have been captured recently by privateers, and an abundant supply of coffee, which had become scarce, had been obtained. The soldiers remained constantly at their posts, and were constantly award of everything that was going on at Fortress Monroe.

The steamer Adelaide, Capt., Cannon, arrived yesterday morning and brought some news of interest.

Preparations are said to be making for an attack on Yorktown, by way of Great Bethel, as soon as a regiment of cavalry can be obtained.

It is said at Fortress Monroe that a powerful battery has been constructed on the opposite side from the Fortress, between Howell's and Willoughby's Points, and distance three miles, from which it is expected rifled cannon will be used against the Fortress, while that at Willoughby's Point will operate against the Rip Raps.

Information has been received at the Fortress that the steamer Yorktown, formerly of the line between Richmond and New York, will upon attempt to run the blockade. She is said to have a powerful armament of 40-pound guns, while has entire bull is covered with H. railroad iron, to metal the shots from the ships of war and Fortress Monroe. Her upper works have been cut down, so that put a small part of the aid to Col. Bartlett. At least two of the Confederates were shot.

The Minnesota has steam up. Her destination is not known. The Monticello yesterday fired into a body of Confederates a shot distance above Newport News. The Confederates fired some heavy guns last evening from Pig's Point Battery.

The steamer Quaker City last night picked up a man in a sail-boat from Norfolk. He reports only what was well known before namely: The raising of three United States ships of war in Norfolk harbor, and the rifling of cannon at the Navy-Yard. There are not ten thousand troops at Norfolk and vicinity. He says the Confederates feel sure of success, and declare their determination to fight to the last extremity.

[Dr. Rawlings had for a long time been connected with the New York press, being best known as the chief correspondent of Frank Leslie's Illustrated newspaper. He visited England at the time of the prize fight at Farnsborough.]

Fortress Monroe, July 20.--A spy, who is just in from Great Bethel, reports that Captain Jenkins and Shurtliff were wounded yesterday and carried off as prisoners. The rebels had two killed.

A company of Massachusetts men made a scout last night to Great Bethel. They report only fifty light horse at that point, but say that the Confederates will make a stand at Cockletown, eight miles this side of York town, where a considerable force is now assembled. Near Great Bethel eight of the party captured three officers' horses. The officers escaped into the woods.

Formidable preparations are being made for an advance in the direction of Yorktown.--The Government, it is stated, is about to furnish the means of offensive operations.

General Butler is making a vigorous effort to prevent the smuggling of intoxicating liquors into the several camps. Much of the insubordination and want of discipline (to say no thing of illness) may be attributed to the vile whiskey which has been introduced in large quantities.

General Butler is to-day at Newport News.

The body of Rawlings has been brought to the Fortress, and will be sent to New York for burial. The Minnesota has steam up every night, in anticipation of a descent of the steamer Yorktown, from Richmond. She is said to be armed with several 68-pounders.

Several persons, arrested at Hampton for selling liquor, will be sent to Baltimore tonight.


Northern troops retiring from the service.

From the Baltimore Sun we learn that the twelfth Pennsylvania regiment, composed of companies from Pittsburg and vicinity, who, have been guarding the Northern Central Railroad since the first regiment, Col. Yohe, left that point, were paid off on Friday, their term of service having expired. They will return to Harrisburg in a few days and be disbanded.

Yesterday morning the 5th Pennsylvania regiment, 700 men, under the command of Col. McDonald, arrived in this city from Washington and took the early train on the Northern Central Railroad for Harrisburg Pa., where they will be marched out of the service this morning.

The Massachusetts regiment, stationed a the Relay House on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, are packing up in order to quit their camp. They, together with the New York 20th and other than the Pennsylvania regiments stationed around the city, will leave almost in a body on to-morrow for the North. The deficiency thus occasioned in Gen. Banks' command will no doubt be filled up with other troops who have enlisted for three years.

The First and Second Pennsylvania regiments passed through this city yesterday on their way to Harrisburg, where they will also retire from the service.

The Sixth Regiment from the same State came through about 1 o'clock yesterday morning, and took a special train on the Northern Central Railroad for Harrisburg, where they say they will disband in order to be relieved of some of their officers whose cruelty they could not endure, and then reorganize and enter the service for three years. This regiment was engaged at Bull's Run, and report twenty of their number killed and one wounded, the latter of whom they took home with them. As they were passing out Eutaw street from the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad depot, the rear of the regiment was hissed and threatened by a party of men who were standing at the Lexington market, and policeman Brown arrested Geo. Curlinger and John Kummer; the former on a charge of inciting a riot by insulting soldiers on the street, and the latter for disturbing the peace, &c. They were taken to the station house and in the morning released by Justice Shipley in the sum of $300 to appear at the Criminal Court.


The war in Missouri.

Kansas City, Mo., July 19.
--The Fort Scott Democrat, of the 18th, furnishes the following items:

Gen. Lyon, who is marching South towards Springfield, has about 6,000 men, including Major Sturgess' command. He has also 24 pieces of field artillery, of various descriptions, an abundance of ammunition, and a full train of baggage wagons.

McCullough and Jackson have retreated across the Arkansas line for the purpose of drilling their troops. Their available force is estimated at 17,500 men, including the Texan Rangers and a Mississippi regiment General Lyon's strength will be between ten and twelve thousand.


Prisoners of war.

Washington, July 20.
--Fifteen Secessionists, captured at Fairfax Court-House, Va., were brought to the city to-day under a strong guard. One is a South Carolina sergeant, the others are Alabamians. General Mansfield sent them to the old Capitol building, which has been fitted up as a prison.


A move for Fort Biles.

The St. Louis Republican's Santa Fe correspondent says it is probable that Colonel Canby will soon send a force to recapture Fort Biles, (Texas,) "where there is a large amount of army stores belonging to the Federal Government."

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License.

An XML version of this text is available for download, with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Perseus provides credit for all accepted changes, storing new additions in a versioning system.

hide Dates (automatically extracted)
Sort dates alphabetically, as they appear on the page, by frequency
Click on a date to search for it in this document.
July 21st (3)
July 20th (2)
July 19th (1)
22nd (1)
hide Display Preferences
Greek Display:
Arabic Display:
View by Default:
Browse Bar: