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The war in Missouri.

The following letter from a Missouri farmer to the St. Louis Republican, fully refutes the gross lies sent by telegraph from St. Louis through the Abolition organs in that city:

Monroe County, July 15, 1861. --Will you allow an humble farmer a short space in your valuable paper to give the public a correct statement of the battle near Florida, Mo., and at Monroe Station, fought on the 9th, 10th and 11th instant? I would not have sent you these lines if you had heard a correct statement of the affair. Seeing your paper, I find you are entirely misinformed.

The Federal troops left Monroe Station Tuesday morning, the 9th instant, to hunt up General Thomas Harris or his camp, which was three miles South of Florida. After crossing the prairie from the station, and a short distance in the woods, they were fired upon by 3 or 4 State troops. No damage done, only to the flag-bearer, who dropped the standard, receiving a shot through the wrist or arm. They continued their march without further trouble to within three miles of Florida, when they were fired on again, at the old Hemdon place, by about thirty State troops, at the end of the lane, the State troops firing from across a narrow field, 75 or 80 yards wide, from ambush. The Federal troops returned the fire and retreated. The State troops being armed with rifles and double-barrel shot-guns, gave them two rounds--one round while the Federals were on the retreat, they leaving their dead and wounded to the number of about 30, in the lane for a time. They pressed 3 wagons and returned for their dead and wounded.--Three officers were seen to fall from their horses at the first fire. The Federals retreated some two miles and encamped in a wheat field, for the night, taking from the neighbors sheets and bedding for the wounded to lay on.

Any one doubting these statements we refer them to the neighbors near the field of battle, who saw the dead and wounded.

One of the State troops had the end of his finger shot off. Next morning they continued their retreat, State troops gathering from every direction. They were not overtaken until they reached the prairie, when another short skirmish took place, no one being hurt on either side — a company of State troops, mounted, going ahead of them, burning eight passenger cars and some freight cars, to cut off their retreat by rail. Finding their retreat by rail cut off, they took possession of the Seminary building, when they were surrounded by State troops, who sent thirty miles for a cannon, which arrived next day.--Thursday, 11th, at 1 o'clock, the siege then commenced at long range, and continued until half-past 3 o'clock, the last firing being within six hundred yards, when they were reinforced; then the State troops retreated, carrying off their cannon with them. In this siege, the Federals acknowledge to have had one man killed. The Seminary was riddled with round shot from the State cannon — most of the troops, however, were in ditches and in the cellar, which accounts for their loss being no greater. In this fight the Federal troops returned the fire at long intervals, during which one State horse was killed.--Harris' men did not number over eight hundred. The Federal troops numbered at least seven hundred, composed of six hundred Illinois and Iowa troops, and one hundred Hannibal Home Guards.

The Federal troops became so incensed at their defeat that they burned Capt. Owen's house, took his brother prisoner, and drove off all his stock, destroying all the grain on the place, with all the out-buildings and everything except the clothing of his wife. His property, including forty mules, was carried away and destroyed to the amount of $30,000. They next burned Mr. Combs' house, near Monroe Station. They have also burned several other houses — the names of the owners I have forgotten. They are now scouring the country around, arresting innocent people, driving off stock, arresting all loose chickens, and committing other depredations.

The man Hotchkiss was not shot by State troops because he was a Union man, but had been accused of horse stealing and warned to keep away from there. He was shot two miles from the scene of action by some unknown person. Mr. Crigher was shot by Federal troops between Monroe Station and Florida. He was plowing, and when he heard the troops coming he left his horse and plow and hid in the brush, but they saw him. After he was shot, he convinced them that he had no arms, when they apologized for ‘"shooting,"’ and left him.

Several bridges have been burned on the Hannibal, and at St. Joseph Railroad, so I I have heard. If no troops had been sent on this road, not a bridge, culvert, or a rail, would have been disturbed. No troops are on the North Missouri road, and not a thing has been disturbed, and no trouble there.

A skirmish is reported to have taken place yesterday, at Grand River Bridge, in which a loss of several on both sides is reported.--The report of capturing State troops at Monroe, is all a mistake. The prisoners they have were taken at private houses, and in field at work. Before the troops were placed here, we were all Union men, now we are a unit against them and the Government, so long as they keep troops among us and on this road. Let the Government remove the troops, and we will guarantee that the road shall not be troubled, and all will be quiet again.

For the truth of the above statement, I hold myself personally responsible.

The capture of Neosho.

The following is the report of Adjutant General McIntosh in regard to the capture of Federal troops at Neosho:

‘ Headquarters, McCullough's Brigade,

Camp at Borlin's Mills, July 5th, 1861.

General: I have the honor to inform you that, in obedience with your order, I started at 11 o'clock A. M., to-day, with four companies of Col. Churchill's regiment of mounted Arkansas riflemen, and Capt. Carroll's company of Arkansas State troops, to make an attack on some Federal troops at Neosho, Mo., in conjunction with Col. Churchill, commanding six companies of his regiment. We started on different roads, which entered the town, one from the west, the other from the south, with an arrangement to make the march of sixteen miles in four hours, and upon entering the town to make a simultaneous attack. I found that the distance was not so much as stated. It would, therefore, be necessary for me to have waited near the town an hour, and fearing that information would be carried into town to the enemy, I dismounted the four companies of Churchill's Regiment about a quarter of a mile of the town, and marched them by platoons at double-quick time within two hundred yards of the Court-House, where we found a company eighty strong. I sent Captain Carroll, with his company, to make a detour to take them in the rear. After halting my command, I sent Dr. Armstrong, (volunteer aid-decamp,) to demand a surrender of the forces. I allowed them ten minutes to decide; at the end of the time the Captain in command made an unconditional surrender of the company, laying down their arms and side arms. We took one hundred rifles, with sabre bayonets, a quantity of ammunition, and a train of seven wagons loaded with provisions.

Further from Missouri.

The St. Louis Republican records the arrest of Dr. Bass, an influential citizen, and his confinement in the Arsenal. He is a member of the Convention.

Col. Hughes, of the First Regiment Missouri State Guard, who was in the South, near Carthage, has furnished the press with a report of the battle.

It was an obstinate, desperate affair, continuing from 11 o'clock in the morning until dark, on the 5th of July. The State troops lost 15 killed and 40 wounded, including several officers. The ascertained loss of the Federals was 130 killed and 300 wounded, 20 prisoners, a cannon, baggage, and horses.

In the affair on the North Missouri Railroad, near Millville station, there were 24 of the Federal troops killed. There was a complete understanding in that neighborhood not to permit the passage of the United States troops over the road.

We copy the following from the Louisville Courier, of the 22d inst.:

‘ It was reported at Syracuse, on the 18th, that Colonel Magoffin had 350 men at Georgetown; also that State troops were concentrating near Arrow Rock. There is no doubt that the citizens of that region are almost unanimously opposed to acknowledging the Federal Government as now administered.

Nothing definite is known of the fight between Gen. Harris and Col. McNeil's forces near Fulton, where a masked battery had been sprung on the Federals, a good many of whom were hit. The bridge and culverts on North Missousi Railroad had been destroyed East of Hudson. The State troops are ‘"bush-whacking,"’ and picking off sentinels freely. The Republican makes the following brief mention of the worse than infernal atrocities perpetrated by the Lincoln hirelings in North Missouri:

The death of Dr. Palmer, as represented to us, rivals in atrocity the acts of the wildest savages of the mountains. He was taken prisoner, and in the hands of the Zouaves. They proposed to hang him. He entreated for his life, declaring that he was loyal to the Government. A rope was put around his neck, and he was taken across the track in the direction of a tree, from which it was designed to suspend him. Rather than suffer such a fate he attempted to escape, and the chivalrous soldiers fired upon him. The balls tore his head off, and his body was perforated with bullets. It is said, but we will not believe it, that the command was, to take no prisoners.

A man called Bill Edwards, was also killed.

At Jonesborough Station, a father and two sons, by the name of Skinner, were killed.

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