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Evacuation of Fort Sumter
--secret history.
[from the Columbia (S. C.) Guardian.]

State of South Carolina, Headquarters,
Aug. 31, 1861.
I have every reason, from information reserved by me in the most confidential manner not forbidding publication, however,) and through one very near the most intimate counsels of the President of the United States, induce me to believe that the following article was submitted, as a proof sheet, to Mr. Lincoln and his Cabinet; that a proclamation, in conformity with its general views, was to be issued; and that a change in the decision of the Cabinet was made in one night, when exactly the contrary course was adopted. It is asserted in this article, which, in all probability, is a proof-sheet from a confidential New York paper,) that of the President desired to excite and madden the whole North to a war of extermination against slavery, and in favor of the absolute plunder and conquest of the South, he had only to resolve that Major Anderson and his garrison at Fort Sumter should parish, as it appears was well known would have to be the case. Major Anderson and his men were to be used as fuel, to be thrown in a kindle the flames of fanaticism, and to force the Northern people into a united war, which would give the abolition leaders absolute control over the Government and county. What must be the feelings of the civilization world, when it is known that the President of the United States and his Cabinet did the act, and with a view expressly to carry out. This policy of exciting the whole Northern kind.

Major Anderson had officially informed the former Administration that he could hold fort Sumter, and, of course, if the object of that Administration was to betray the Government into the hands of the Secessionists, he is charged in the article, then Major Anderson must have been a party to the treason; and if he informed the new President, on the fourth of March, as is said to be the case, that he could not hold the Fort, then he acted out his part fully in aiding to place Mr. Lincoln and his Cabinet exactly where they were, and to compel them to evacuate the fortress, or to use the garrison as victims, to be slaughtered on them holy altar of blind fanaticism and and ambition

I know the fact from Mr. Lincoln's most intimate friend and accredited agent, Mr. Ladon, that the President of the United States professed a desire to evacuate Fort Sumter, and he (Mr. Lamon) actually wrote me, after he return to Washington, that he would be back in a few days to aid in that purpose.--Major Anderson was induced to expect the same thing, as his notes to me prove. I know the fact that Mr. Fox, of the U. S. Navy, after obtaining permission from me, upon the express guarantee of a former gallant associate with the navy, to visit Major Anderson ‘"for sacrifice purposes,"’ Manned the pretended at attempt to relieve and reinforce the garrison by a fleet, and that Major Anderson protested grains; I now believe that it was all a scheme, and that Fox's disgraceful expedition was gotten up, in concert with Mr. Lincoln, merely to delude the Northern public into the belief that they intended to sustain and protect Major Anderson, when, in fact, according to the article now published for the first time, they decided to do no such thing, and acted with the deliberate intention to let the garrison perish, that they might thereby excite the North and them to unite in this unholy and unnatural war, by which the desperate and profligate leaders of an infuriated and lawless party might gratify their vengeance and lust of power over the ruins of their country, and amid the blind passions of a maddened people.

The document now published, and the peculiar circumstances, show the basest and most infamous motives that have ever actuated the rulers of any people, except, perhaps, in the days of the French revolution, when history shows that wholesale murder was often planned by insurrectionists in Paris, under the deliberate guidance of malignant lenders, whose whole objects were universal plunder and murder, in order to exterminate the party and ride into power themselves.

A moment's review of the line of argument pursued in the article, will show that the policy finally adopted in regard to Fort Sumter was intended and desired by Mr. Lincoln and his advisers to lead to a war, not to be regulated by the rules and usages among civilized and enlightened people, but to one of depine, murder, and utter extermination of little people against whom it was intended to the waged founded upon no principle of right, seeking not to re-establish any disputed authority or accomplish any other object than to a lust for power and revenge.

For the purpose of directly proving the motives and impulses of the United States Government in the inauguration of this war, it is only necessary to make several extracts from the article in question, as they will serve also to direct the special attention of the public to those portions which most vividly prove the unhallowed purposes of President Lincoln and his advisers.

One of the chief ends of the article seems to have been the proof of treason on the part of President Buchanan, and through all of it runs the oft-repeated ‘"alternative"’ left them by him, of ‘"permitting Major Anderson and his command to starve within fifteen days, or of ignominiously abandoning it to a nest of traitors,"’ &c. This ‘" alternative"’ is dwelt upon as if to direct special attention to it; and this very ‘"alternative"’ proves, above all the rest, the purpose which they had in view when they adopted their final policy. It is argued, and very elaborately, too, that the purpose of President Lincoln was to ‘"preserve peace"’--not to ‘"make war"’--‘"to protect the sacred Constitution"’ confided to his keeping — and to gain over, by his avowedly peaceful objects, those who had defied that ‘"Constitution"’ and broken its laws. It is averted that President Lincoln could not suppress the ‘"tears"’ of anguish which his signing the order for the evacuation of Fort Sumter called forth; and it is said, too, that he desired to ‘"discharge his duty to humanity;"’ and yet he has chosen to ‘"discharge "’ that ‘"duty"’ in the singular way of resolving on a policy which. in his own words, he knew would ‘"raise throughout the mighty North a feeling of indignation, which in ninety days would have emancipated, every slave on the continent, and driven their masters into the sea."’

The sacrifice was made; Anderson and his command were forced to become liable as victims to fanaticism; Fort Sumter was wrapt in flames; and yet, forsooth, they tell us that the only man who could have prevented it was ‘"resolved to discharge his duty to humanity."’ and that his purpose was ‘"peace"’--his aversion ‘"war."’ His ‘"purpose"’ was changed, and he resolved to bring on this unhallowed war. It is a Government actuated with these feelings that we are to defend ourselves against; it is this kind of war, then, that the people of the South are to meet; and under these circumstances it becomes my duty to publish the article in question for the information of the people of the Confederate States, and for the cool and unbiased contemplation of the civilized world.

A war thus inaugurated — from such motives and under such circumstances — surely can never meet with the favor of Heaven. A people educated and trained up to constitutional liberty can never, for any length of time, sustain such a war.

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