We have received New York and Baltimore papers of Tuesday, the 6th inst., from which we make up the following:
From Fortress Monroe.The Baltimore Republican of Tuesday evening says: ‘ The steamer Adelaide, Capt. James Cannon, reached her wharf this morning at 7 o'clock, and brought up about one hundred passengers, nearly all of whom were soldiers. Of these, seventy-five were of Col, Max Weber's command, who had enlisted in the service of the Government for the period of ninety days, and whose time had expired. In conversation with a number of them, we were informed very readily that none of them entertained the idea of enlisting a second time. The climate, as well as a continued state of activity, did not agree with them Colonel Bendix, of another New York Regiment, has tendered his resignation to the War Department, and there is no doubt of its acceptance. The only military movement which has taken place at Old Point since the last advices, was that Colonel Carr's Second New York Infantry had removed their quarters to Newport News Point, where they would remain. The steamer Georgianna, Captain Pearson, which left here on Monday afternoon for Old Point, carried down Major General Butler and several members of his staff. A provost marshal now accompanies each boat of the Government Line, and attends to the interests of the Government, (in case it may be necessary,) and thus far their offices have proven a sinecure, for they have nothing to do. We learn from the passengers who reached here in the Adelaide that the steamer Mary Washington, which left here at half-past 6 o'clock this morning, was not detained at Fort McHenry, but permitted to run down and make her usual landings on the Patuxent River. A number of officers in the employment of the Government accompanied her and would keep a strict look-out for anything of a contraband character. The steamer George Weems, which was seized at Fort McHenry on Saturday, is still anchored at the wharf and well guarded by a large force of soldiers. The captain, pilot and engineer are detained at the Fort. ’
Maryland Legislature.In the Legislature of Maryland, on the 5th inst., Mr. Wallis made an able report upon the memorial of the Police Commissioners of Baltimore, accompanied by a preamble and resolutions strongly condemnatory of the acts of Lincoln's Administration in incarcerating the Commissioners. The two resolutions we copy: ‘ Resolved, by the General Assembly of Maryland, That we solemnly protest, in the name of the State and her people, against the proceedings aforesaid in all their parts, pronouncing the same, so far as they affect individuals, a gross and unconstitutional abuse of power which nothing can palliate or excuse, and in their bearing upon the authority and constitutional powers and privileges of the State herself, a revolutionary supervision of the Federal compact. Resolved, That we appeal, in the most earnest manner, to the whole people of the country, of all parties, sections and opinions, to take warning by the usurpations aforementioned, and come to the rescue of the free institutions of the country, so that whatever may be the issue of the melancholy conflict which is now covering the land with sacrifice and sorrow, and threatens to overwhelm it with debt and ruin, there may, at least, survive to us, when it is over, the republican form of Government which our fathers bequeathed to us, and the inestimable rights which they framed it to perpetuate. The scene which accompanied the reading of the report was in the highest degree affecting. The resolutions passed with only seven dissenting voices. ’
Prisoners of war in Irons.The New York Daily News, of the 6th inst., has the following editorial, which we commend to the attention of our authorities: ‘ Thirty more privateersmen, sailing under the commission of the Confederate States, and captured upon the Enchantress, off Charleston, have arrived at Philadelphia, and lie in Moyamensing Prison. We regret to see it stated, in the Philadelphia journals, that, like the prisoners taken on the Savannah, and now confined in the New York Tombs, these men are kept in irons. We have heretofore demonstrated, without contradiction, as a proposition of law, that by every law, usage, dictum, decision and precedent of the United States of America--from the time when the Congress of 1776 authorized privateer commissions, to the latest authentic record of the doings of our courts — privateering has been recognized and sanctioned; that our courts have uniformly recognized privateer commissions even when issued by unacknowledged and scarcely de facto governments — even by mere revolutionary colonial juntas, in revolt against the mother country; and, finally, that by the laws of nations, privateering is not piracy and cannot be declared to be piracy; that the Treaty of Paris simply prohibited it, and did not propose to declare it piracy; and that piracy is public and wholesale robbery, without pretence of governmental authority on the part of those who perpetrate it, and carried on against the vessels and property of all nations indiscriminately, not, as in the case of privateering, against a single belligerent. We have, therefore, maintained that the privateersmen commissioned by the Southern Confederacy are to be considered not pirates, but prisoners of war. As such, we have urged that they should be treated, and as such exchanged to redeem Northern prisoners of war held by the Confederacy. The result of their being held, however, in close confinement, manacled in prison in Philadelphia and New York, must be that the Federal prisoners at Richmond will be treated in the same manner. Why do the Federal authorities set such needless examples of cruelty and enforce retaliation? Why do they insist upon perverting law, and refusing to follow the usages of civilized belligerents, when the only effect must be to embitter the hatred on both sides, and to unnecessarily aggravate the lot of their own soldiers held as captives? ’
Washington items.Brigadier General Pierce has made a statement with respect to the Great Bethel fight. He says he was short of ammunition, acted under orders, and has demanded a court of inquiry in vain. The reply to his application has been that it would injure the service. Volunteers accepted by the President and mustered into service for one, two, or three years, or for and during the war, are to be paid from that time, without waiting till they reach the rendezvous. This will increase the annual expense of the war about $20,000,000. Congress has passed a law to prevent enlistments for the seceded States, and a kindred bill debars the owner of a slave, who employs him in a similar service, from any claim for his recovery, thus freeing the slave, in such a case, from the master.
Preparation for Effective service — a Black Republican paper on the Prince Napoleon.The following is from the Washington correspondence of the New York Herald: ‘ The preparation of the army for efficient and successful operations is rapidly progressing. Everything is done so quietly now that even the most expert newsmonger cannot discern what is going on. The new order of things, probably, furnishes an explanation of the flags of truce sent in from the other side upon frivolous excuses, in order to find out what is being done here. Prince Napoleon called on the President at 12 o'clock on Saturday, and was duly presented by the Secretary of State. The President received the Prince with marked courtesy, and welcomed him to the country in a few simple but hearty words of compliment.--Without seeking, he said, to attach to this flattering visit of one so closely allied to the French throne, at this solemn crisis of the country's history, and undue importance, he could but feel that his presence at the Capital was a guarantee of the friendly interest and generous sympathy of the French Government. We cannot attempt a report of the language of the President, as we merely report on hearsay the striking and important sentiments he is said to have uttered. The Prince, it is reported, listened with deep interest to the informal address of the President, and replied with much brevity and much feeling. He used necessarily a certain diplomatic reserve, for the slightest word from such a personage at such a moment could but carry great weight, and might lead to inferences of very serious import. The Prince displayed infinite tact and admirable taste, yet it was clear enough that his sympathies were with the Government of the United States, and that neither he, any more than his imperial cousin, was favorable to the sad contingencies of revolution. ’
Fulsomeness of the "Satanic Press."The New York Herald thus closes up a long article devoted to the flattering of Lincoln: ‘ Long ago, months before his inauguration, the Herald pointed out the certainly with which Mr. Lincoln must either prove himself inadequate to fill the Presidential chair, of else eclipse, in renown, every one of his predecessors It locks now as though be would do the latter, and in future times, when peace shall have been restored to the Union by his efforts, his name will be encircled in the same wreath which contains that of Washington " in the of his countrymen." ’
Retiring Board.A recent law of the Federal Congress authorizes a Retring Board, to determine the facts as to the nature and occasion of the disa- bility of such officers as appear incapable of performing military service, with a view to their reticency from the army and marine corps. A telegraphic dispatch says: ‘ Those who may be retired are to received the pay proper of the highest rank held by them on the time of their retirement, and four rations per day without any other pay, emoluments or allowances; but an exception is made in favor of Brevet Lieutenant General Scott Should he be retired under this act, it shall be without a reduction in his current pay, subsistence or allowance. ’
Federal Congress.The Federal Senate, August 5, refused to take up the resolutions of Mr. Salisbury proposing adjustment of present difficulties, by 11 to 24. The House amendment to the Confiscation bill was agreed to — yeas 24, nays 11. A petition was presented from six hundred citizens of Niagara county, N. Y., deprecating civil war as leading to disunion, and asking Congress to provide for amending the Constitution, or call immediately a National Convention. A memorial from the Chamber of Commerce of New York upon the tariff was tabled. A bill was passed in relation to the army and volunteers of the United States, and approving the unconstitutional acts of the President. In the Federal House, a resolution of Mr. Vallandigham, referring to a Convention of the States, to amend the Constitution, was referred to the Committee of the Whole. Mr. Calvert introduced a resolution, providing for the appointment of nine members of the House and four of the Senate, to consider and report amendments to the Constitution, which was tabled. Mr. May offered resolutions declaring the Republican party responsible for our national misfortunes, that it is impossible to subjugate the South by arms, and that it is the duty of Congress to provide for the appointment of Commissioners, to procure an armistice, to preserve peace at all events, and the Union, if possible; and if this cannot be done, to provide for peaceable separation. A war resolution was offered by Mr. Diven, which was not received, not two-thirds voting for its reception. A number of petitions for a peaceful adjustment of our national difficulties were offered, and a bill was passed fixing the number of the members of the House after March 3, 1861, at 239. The Federal Senate, on the 6th instant, refused to consider a resolution offered by Mr. Powell, denouncing the arrest of the Baltimore Police Commissioners, and demanding their release. The joint resolution approving the acts of the President was passed over, and the Senate adjourned sine die. In the Federal House, but little of interest transpired. Mr. Wickliffe announced that ‘"Kentucky was for the Union--the first coming into it and the last to go out of it,"’ which was received with uproarious applause. Mr. Aldrich, of Minnesota, was making a speech, when the Speaker announced that the hour fixed for adjournment had arrived, and declared the House adjourned sine die--informing Mr. Aldrich that his remarks would come up next session as unfinished business.
Butler arrested.Major General Butler, commander of Fortress Monroe, was arrested by one of the Provost Marshal's guard in Washington, on Sunday evening, and detained until he was satisfactorily identified.
Fanaticism.The New York Daily News says: ‘ It was once remarked by the celebrated John Randolph of Roanoke, that ‘"fanaticism, whether political or religious, has no stopping-place short of Heaven or hell"’ The party now in power seem emulous of vindicating the rectitude of his proposition. It has rushed madly and wickedly into a war policy which cannot possibly eventuate in good either to individuals or to the nation, but will inevitably send hundreds, and perhaps thousands, of men to their graves, and wreck the nation in all its material interests. ’
Financial.Sales of stocks in New York, August 5th: First Board--$10,000 Virginia State 6's c. 51; $5,000 do s15,50; $1,000 do. 3,50¾ $10,000 Tennessee 6's '90, 43 ½ $10,000 do. s60, 43; $4,000 do. 43¼; $2,000 do. 43¼ $3,000 North Carolina State 6's c. 62; $18,000 do. 62¼. Second Board — Virginia 6's 50½, 50¾, and $5,000 s15, at 50. The New York Daily News, of the 6th, says: ‘ The impression in relation to the Government finances is far from satisfactory. The tax laws are not regarded as even likely to go into operation. Next February the States are to decide what they will do about it, and after that the levy may take place. Meantime, the Congressmen go home to face their taxed constituents, and to give an account of the jobbery and corruption that have sought to be hid under the war cry. They will feel the pressure of the changing opinions at the North, already alive to the fact from reliable letters that the army is at this moment more discouraged and disorganized than at any moment since Bull Run; and when Congress meets again it is more than likely a thorough change of policy will take place. In one word, it is felt that the Congress has done nothing and settled nothing. It has given permission, but has not enabled the Government to borrow. The future is full of uncertainty. The Confederate stocks advanced ¼a½ per cent. each, and the railroads generally declined a fraction. The New York papers comment freely upon the failure of Claflin, Mullen & Co., one of the heaviest produce houses in that city.--One of them says,‘"Only a few days since the firm was a heavy buyer of its own fall paper at 3 and 5 per cent. a month. "’ To an ordinary business man it would seem strange to fail on matured paper while buying that due months hence. Failures are constantly taking place in New York — among others, Booth & Tuttle, and Rushmore & Son. ’
A Discovery.The Northern papers report that La Mountain, the balloon man at Fortress Monroe, has discovered that the rebels are mounting two very large guns on Sewell's Point, probably with an idea of annoying the shipping at Old Point, if not the Fortress itself.
An Admission.The Albany Evening Journal, edited by Thurlow Weed, and the organ of Secretary Seward, says: ‘ "We shall not be surprised to learn, in less than sixty days, that both France and England have pronounced our blockade inefficient." ’
Cameron and the comet.Secretary Cameron was absorbed looking at the comet, when a friend tapped him on the shoulder and asked him how the President's Message appeared to be liked? He exclaimed, ‘"Oh, splendid nucleus; I admire the tail, 400,000,000 long, and 400,000 broad."’
A Bull Run Incident.The Baltimore correspondent of the New York Day Book relates the following: ‘ A lady of this city, of strong Southern feelings, was in Washington at the time of the Bull Run battle. Seeing citizens and soldiers rushing to and fro, she went out in the street to learn the particulars of the fight. Seeing a soldier leaning against a post, tired and suffering, her warm heart was affected by the sight, and she approached him and inquired about the battle. The poor fellow, a fine-looking young man, said to her, "Madame, we have had a terrible time; we have been badly beaten; my two brothers were shot down alongside of me — and how shall I tell my poor mother?" The poor fellow here burst into tears and was about to wipe his face on his old tattered and rusty jacket, when the lady gave him her handkerchief and told him to keep it as a token from a Southerner. The unfortunate fellow was deeply affected, and as she was about to leave he said, "God bless you, madam: you are the first one who has spoken a kind word to me since I left home." ’
Baltimore Secessionists.The New York Herald's Washington correspondent writes: ‘ For several days past this city has been swarming with Baltimore Secessionists. A Baltimore detective policeman, who came here on Saturday, reports that he has seen dodging about our streets more than a hundred of the most virulent of the rebel sympathizers from Baltimore. They are here for no good. They come either as spies or incendiaries, or with a view to find access from this point to the rebel lines. The institution of a detective police to ferret out and observe the movements of these fellows would be a valuable auxiliary to the patrol guard. ’
Mr. Robert McGraw, brother of Henry McGraw, who accompanied Arnold Harris in the expedition to recover the body of Colonel Cameron, has received intelligence from his brother, through Baltimore. Messrs. McGraw and Harris are comfortably cared for at Richmond. Mr. McGraw has been assigned prison quarters in a tobacco warehouse. The rebel leaders propose to exchange Messrs. Harris and McGraw for two of the officers of the piratical vessel captured by our fleet.--This is the sublimity of impudence. Messrs. Harris and McGraw were taken prisoners while proceeding upon a mission of mercy under a flag of truce, and the pirates were captured in actual hostility not recognized as legitimate by any Christian people--Herald