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A British Claim and threat.

--Referring to the seizure of the British ship Perthshire by the U. S. steamship Massachusetts in the Gulf, her damaging detention without legal cause, and subsequent release without indemnity, the London Shipping Gazette, of the 9th instant, thus threatens:

‘ The Perthshire, so far from having broken a blockade, had when she left Mobile, it appears, ten days to spare under the terms of the proclamation. There was no pretence for seizing or detaining her longer than was necessary to identify her nationality.

’ The owner of the Perthshire must bring his action in Boston or New York against the commanding officer of the Massachusetts for unlawful detention of his ship. If he fail to obtain redress, we do not hesitate to say it is a case which should at once be taken up by the British Government. We regret to find that the American blockading squadron has evinced a desire to deal promptly — not to say severely — with British shipping which contrast very unpleasantly with the inoffensive disposition evinced towards our merchantmen by the Southern privateers.

If the Federal Government thinks proper to embarrass neutral commerce, the British Government will see that it does so only in strict conformity with the accepted principles of international law. Our Admiral commanding on the West India station has notified to his Government that the blockading forces in those seas are sufficient. This is the first step towards compelling the Federal Government to act fairly towards neutrals, and we may be quite sure it is a step which will be followed up, if necessary, with promptitude and determination.

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