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Salt.

We have already referred to the importance of availing ourselves of the illimitable supply of salt which our seacoast affords, and which, by means and appliances within the reach of our Government, can be made available in a short space of time. The cheapest of all salt is taken from the sea and conducted by a solar evaporation. We have already called attention to the fact that the Legislature of Georgia, with the foresight and practical spirit characteristic of that people, have taken measures looking to a supply from this source, and, with that view, have availed themselves of the scientific and practical knowledge of Professor Thomassey, to whom the Governor of Georgia has leased a portion of the public domain adapted to such purposes.

The editor of DeBow's Commercial Review has seen some specimens of American salt, made by Mr. Thomassey, from sea-brine, after three weeks only of solar evaporation. The Review gives some interesting facts in this connection. It states that by a method of Mr. Thomassey's own invention, he succeeded regularly at his Italian works on the Adriatic, in obtaining large quantities of salt two months after the completion of his evaporating fields. As author, founder and engineer of salt works, a large part of his life has been spent among the swamp lands of the seaboard, near the mouths of rivers or in the midst of lagoons, undergoing a process of removal or formation, like those of the Mississippi. Thus, in 1844 and '45, he spent several months in supervising the establishment of some of the largest salt works of Europe, created on a surface of 1,500 acres, in the lagoons of Venice, and he studied not far from there the gigantic works which the of Venice had ordered to remedy the filing of the natural channels with sand, and prevent the unhealthiness of the swamps on the Adriatic. He then visited the maritime salt works of Austria, and the owners of Piraus is Istria, desirous of employing him for the general reform of their establishments, proposed to him an arrangement written and signed by them to that effect. Subsequently he explored the mineral wealth of Tuccany, and published a report, addressed to the Grand Duke of Tuscany, on the portion of his exploration relative to the advantages to be derived from the employment of salt from the sea, instead of the ordinary salt consumed in the Grand Buchy. In 1847-'48-'49 and '50, the same gentlemen explored the swamps of the Island of Corsies, then the lagoons at the mouth of the Po, the filling up with sand of the celebrated post of Revenues, where that is now cultivated on the very spot formerly occupied by the fleets of the ancient Romans. Not far from these historical swamps, he founded at Cervia a model salt work of an entirely new and superior kind. Such a method introduced largely into our country, would produce a great industrial revolution, and free us from foreign dependence for an article which, in the present state of affairs, is as important as gunpowder.

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