The Mesilla Times, of Aug. 10th, furnishes the annexed intelligence:
Several companies of Confederate troops had been encamped for several days at the village of Picacho
, the point where the California
road leaves the Mesilla Valley
Cannon were planted, and every arrangement made to receive the United States forces under Lieut. Moore
, who were abandoning Western Arizona
This force consisted of four companies, two of the 2d cavalry and two of infantry.
Scouts reported them advancing leisurely, unaware of any war movements in the Territory
At Cook Springs
, fifty miles from our encampment, an express, sent from Fort Craig
, managed to reach them in spite of the vigilance of our scouts, and give information of the position of affairs in the Territory
The express reached them at dark on the 6th, and in one hour and a half they had destroyed all their wagons, (forty in number,) all stores, and every sort of property, and were mounted and in full retreat over the mountains to Fort Craig
Before the condition of affairs could be known by our scouts, and expressed to the command at Picacho
, they had many hours the start, and it was useless to follow them.
An express arrived on the 8th, bringing the intelligence of the hasty abandonment of Fort Stanton
by the United States troops.
This occurred shortly after the surrender of San Augustine
; two fugitives from Lynde
's command fled to this post and gave information of that affair.
The garrison was panic stricken, and, supposing the whole Confederate forces would be down upon them, immediately evacuated the fort.
They set fire to the fort in several places before they left.
Forty Arizonians, under the command of Capt. Hare
, immediately took possession in the name of the Confederacy
, put out the fires and kept guard over the property.
The express asked for immediate assistance, as, between Mexicans and Indians
, they had their hands full in protecting the stores.
The property and stores are estimated to be of $300,000 value.
The fort is built of stone, and the garrison had been busily engaged for several months in fortifying it. The garrison was five companies of United States regulars.
A battery of flying artillery was abandoned unharmed, consisting of four six pounders and two twelve-pounders.
A large amount of ammunition was saved.
There is said to be full supplies for six months for a six company post.
The Times, speaking of the U. S. troops under command of Major Lynde
, who surrendered to the Confederates
at San Augustine Springs
These prisoners, including men and officers, number 700.
They were all paroled — the men on oath, the officers on honor — not to fight against the Southern Confederacy until duly exchanged.
Fourteen privates refused to take the oath, and are now at Fort Fillmore
, doing good work for the Southern Confederacy, in the shape of hard work.
The prisoners paroled were allowed to take their departure for New Mexico
, which they did in two divisions, the cavalry companies in one, the infantry companies in the other.
Eleven days full rations were issued to them, when strict necessity would have only entitled them to a three days issue.
They were also loaned ninety-five muskets and thirty revolvers, with the necessary ammunition, to protect themselves from the Indians or other attacks.
In every and all respects a most delicate courtesy has been extended to the prisoners.
We challenge the records of the world's warfare to produce an instance where a defeated enemy has been treated with more attention and kindness.
At the surrender of San Augustine
, our men denied themselves food, that the prisoners should be supplied.
On that retreat many a Confederate soldier gave away the last drop of water in his canteen to a suffering prisoner.
All private property was respected and in no case interfered with.
Both officers and men have extended to the defeated a most delicate consideration.