The steamship North Briton brings Liverpool advices to the 30th ult. We have a telegraphic abstract of the news:
additional News by the North Briton.
Warden of the Cinque Ports at Dover, on the 28th of August. In a speech he delivered on the occasion he eulogized the strong defensive measures adopted by England. He said that perfect defence was the only stable foundation of friendly relations with foreign powers. He alluded to the battle of Bull Run as an evidence of the powerlessness of men individually brave, but imperfectly drilled; against an organized enemy. The Times has another editorial in regard to the loan and expenses of the Federal Government for war purposes. It concludes with the belief that the subjugation of the South is a hopeless task, even if the North pours forth its wealth unsparingly into the Federal exchequer. But if the North should attempt to defray the accumulating charges with money borrowed at seven per cent., they will find themselves engaged in an expenditure that no country in the world could support. The Genova, Captain McNevin, from Darlen, Georgia, arrived in London, August 26th. The ship Thomas Watson, Capt. Allen, cleared at Liverpool for Charleston, S. C., inst before the Hammonia sailed. The Watson arrived at Liverpool from Wilmington, N. C., since the blockade commenced. The American bark California had arrived at Hull, and reports being boarded by the privateer Jefferson Davis, about 150 miles southeast of Bermuda. The privateer hoisted the French flag of distress, in consequence of which the California bore down to her. The commander of the Jefferson Davis requested the California to back topsails, as he wanted to send a letter on board. In place of the letter being handed in, the boat's crew--eight in number and armed to the teeth — boarded her and demanded the ship's papers, which were immediately delivered up. The cargo proved not of a nature (being pipe and pitch) to suit them; they therefore let them go. The new Galway and New York screw line of steamers have selected Southampton for their headquarters. Dr. Russell's latest letter to the London Times says that the issue in America is rapidly narrowing between slavery and abolition. He thinks that the President will soon declare all the slaves within the limits of the U. S. Army free. The Times editorially advises a compromise between the North and the South. It is stated that leading houses in Liverpool have purchased 15,000 bales of Surat cotton for shipment to New York. A terrible accident has occurred on the Brighton Railway. Two excursion trains came in collision in the tunnel. Twenty-three persons were killed, and a considerable number wounded. Earl Russell, in a manifesto on the Spanish occupation of San Domingo, says that American forbearance cannot be calculated on as permanent.
Attorney General had argued in favor of the maintenance of the past decision. The Pays denies the report that the Government had notified the foreign ambassadors that France would maintain the occupation of Rome. The Ministry of Marine propose a large increase of the officers of the navy, of which the Emperor approves, and says that a similar increase will be necessary again next year. The Moniteur denies Mr. Roebuck's assertion that a convention existed for the cession of the Island of Sardinia to France. It says that the Emperor never thought of such a negotiation. The last letters received at Lyons from the United States have caused a further depression in commercial transactions, and the consequent fall in prices. The sales of raw silk during the week were limited to 697 bales, weighing 110,501 kilogrammes. The same melancholy depression is apparent at Marseilles.
India, which are represented to be equal to all wants, provided that a steady demand and good roads are established.
Gen. Della Revere will take the portfolio of War, and that Gen. Brignone will replace him as Lieutenant of Sicily.
Warsaw. Gen. Lambert, the new Governor, had been formally received by the authorities of Warsaw.
Russia has proposed to the Porte to defer the decision on the question of the union of Moldavia with Wallachia for three years.
Syrian commissioners have had a conference on the question of the indemnity to be paid by the Porte. The latter had decided to send another commissioner to Beyrout competent to settle the question. Omar Pasha had signed an armistice of ten days with the insurgents of Montenegro.