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--When General Bonaparte in the early days of has first campaign in Italy had defeated and dispersed the armies of Piedmont and Austria and had been carried by the course of his virtories in the Venetian frontier, the Senate of Venice sent a deputation to him, with a request that he would respect their neutrality — the reply was characteristic, and it settled the question of neutral territory at once and forever. It was in substance as follows: You are between that person of the Austrian pos in Italy in which the war between France and Austria has been waged, and Austria itself. Unless the Austrians should make use of your territory to pass over men to the seat of war, they would be confined to a narrow and authentic passage between the mountains and the Adige and between the Adige and Lake Gards. You have suffered them to make use of your territory for the passage of troops to attack the French, or to hold their possessions against the arms of France openly at war with her. I shall respect non-ral s when it is real, but a neutralist which operates in favor of one gerel and de ly against another is no neutrality at all. The Venetian Senators urged the inability of the Republic to reorder their neutrality of neutral. Very well, said Bonaparte. I will do that for you. And certainly he was right.

A similar case occurred in this country General Jackson made a most effective campaign against the Seminole Indians Defeated on our ground they retired into Florida then belonging to Spain and of course neutral territory where they were recruiting their and getting ready to make another in Carson upon one territory Jackson marched France and broke up the next of the invaders, hereby putting an end to invasion. The Spanish Governor protested Jackson re d in the same spirit in which Bonaparte had replied to the Venetian Deputation, If you cannot or will nottake care of your Indians, I will do it for you. Jackson was violently assaulted in the newspapers and Congress for his proceedings on the occasion, but common sense and the acquitted him.

two examples to the case of Kentucky. The Confederate States and the Yankees are at open war. The tory legislature of Kentucky say she is neutral. She of the Considerate States of the Yankees are sufficient Your not we will do it for you — At such the answer of the Confederate States to Kentucky. They ask if you are determined to be neutral, we to object. But you must be in fact as as is . You must not send your territory to the enemy for a badge over to invade the Southern Confederacy. You must not allow him to form camps and build and establish depots and recruit armies in your State. If you are to prevent this, we shall the prevailing it ourselves. If from yourse if to assail us, we shall them and break up their stronghold as we would a of hornets or wa of

All when he said in this contest. She must write the Yankees or she must cas W We might be, and were disposed to let her remain neutral. But the Yankees were not and not. They are determined to use her as a base of operations against us and to that we cannot and will not What can she gain by going with the Yankees? Her interests are borongnly identified with the South. Everything that she produces is sold in the South. Her bagging and baie rope are taken exclusively by the cotton planters. Her hogs sapply the markets of the Mississippi States and leave a large surplus for the Southern Arlas States. Her mules and horses go to South Carolina and Georgia and the Mississippi States. Her goes to New Orleans. To the North she sells ng but from the North she buys everything. All the she has comes the and all the expenditure she in the North In conection one of the greatest of Confederate States from the State with her fer soil and great mineral them of the all this there in that has not in the Southwestern States--in Mississippi in Arizona in Louisiana in Texas. and Why should Kentucky wish to with the Yankees rather than with them?

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