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News from the South.

From our Southern exchanges we make up the following compilation of news, which we think of sufficient interest to the reader to publish:

A proclamation of the Governor of Georgia.

Gov. Joseph E. Brown has published the following proclamation:

‘ The Constitution of the Confederate States contains the following language in reference to the right of a State to conduct warlike operations:

‘"Nor shall any State keep troops or ships of war in time of peace, enter into an agree ment or compact with another State or with a foreign power, or engage in war unless actually invaded, or in such imminent danger as will admit of no delay."’

Soon after the adoption of this Constitution, I was informed by the Secretary of War that the Prealdent assumed the control of all military operations in this State which were to be conducted against any foreign powers. The President then appointed Gen. Lawton, and extended his command from Savannah to the Florida line, and assigned to Commodore Tatnall the command of the small naval force upon our coast.

Our own Convention, while in session at this place, passed an ordinance turning over the forts and arsenals of this State to the Confederacy. Fort Pulaski was not at that time sufficiently equipped, and I have since expended about eighty thousand dollars from the State Treasury for heavy guns and other necessary equipments for the fort.

Gen. Lawson and Commodore Tatnall have been actively engaged in putting the coast in a defensive condition, and I have co-operated with them to the extent of my ability, in every case when they have called upon me for assistance. I have not felt, however, that I possessed the constitutional power to call into active service troops other than those required by the Secretary of War, and to conduct military operations upon the coast. Until the State is ‘"actually invaded,"’ or in such ‘"imminent danger"’ of invasion ‘"as will not admit of delay,"’ the Constitution assigns that duty to other persons, whose rightful authority I have not wished to usurp.

On account of the protection which our climate naturally affords to our coast against hostile attack during the summer months, I have up to this period been unable to say that the danger of invasion was so ‘"imminent"’ as to ‘"admit of no delay."’ The season is now far advanced, and if we may judge of the purposes of the Lincoln Government from the tone of the Northern press, and from its action in the late affair at Hatteras, in North Carolina, we may reasonably conclude that the invasion of our own coast is intended at no very distant day.

While I desire to act in perfect harmony with the Confederate authorities, I feel that the period will very soon have arrived when action on my part, as the Executive of the State, by the use of the military force of the State, acting as State troops, for the defence of the coast, will be justified both by the language and spirit of the Constitution. It will then be my duty to act, and to act with promptness and vigor.

Preparatory to such action, I direct that the late order issued by the Adjutant General of this State, for the more thorough organization and training of the militia be promptly obeyed, and the law strictly enforced against all defaulters, except telegraph operators, persons employed in the actual service of express companies, and persons employed in the machine shops and other departments connected with our railroads, who are hereby exempt from the operation of said order, on the production of a certificate from the chief officer in charge of the affairs of such telegraph line, express company, or railroad company, (including the State Road,) that the services of such persons are necessary to its successful operation. All clerks employed in any of the civil or military departments of the State, or Confederate Government, are likewise exempt from military service, so long as their services are necessary in their respective positions.

And I further require the Captains of all volunteer companies in this State, not now in actual service, to inform me, immediately, of the number of each company ready for active service; or, if not ready, within what time they can be ready, and of the number of good country rifles or shot-guns in possession of the company, which they will be expected to use in case of emergency, till better arms can be placed in their hands, which I trust I shall be able to do before much active service will be required.

Those who first report themselves armed, with good rifles or double-barrel shot-guns, will be first received into service.

Death of Lt. Col. Lackland.

--The Charlestown, (Va.) Free Press announces the death of Lieut. Colonel Frank Lackland.--Although in delicate health he felt it his duty to enter the Army, and was in the thickest of the battle of the 21st July. Col. Allen, in his report of that battle makes honorable mention of ‘"the gallantry of Lt. Col. Lackland who with but a handful of men charged on the enemy's battery and actually brought one of their rifled guns some distance to the rear with but four men."’ Mr. L. was but 31 years of age; and in his death the 2nd Virginia regiment has sustained a loss which will not be easily filled.

All volunteer companies hereafter formed for coast defence will also report their condition as soon as formed, with the number and quality of guns collected by each.

It is expected that volunteer companies entering the service as State troops, for the defence of the coast, will be mustered into service so soon as needed, after they can be armed and formed into regiments, to serve for six or twelve months, as the exigencies may require. The regiments will also be formed into one or more brigades, under the provisions of the act of the last Legisrature.

Given under my hand and seal, at Savannah, this 9th day of September, 1861.

Joseph E. Brown.

Treasury notes taken by Confederate Marshal.

Under the above caption we find the following editorial remarks in the N. O. Delta of the 11th inst,

We understand that there was some hesiitancy a few days ago on the part of the Confederate Marshal in this city in regard to receiving Treasury notes in payment for certain ships of the enemy seized previously to the passage of the sequestration act. Mr. Benjamin, the Confederate Attorney General, was consulted by telegraph on the subject, and he immediately replied that Treasury notes were receivable in all sales made by the Marshal for the Confederate Government. This question may now be considered settled.--Not only for property sold under the provisions of the sequestration act, but for all other property sold in the interest of the Confederate Government are Treasury notes to be taken as cash. This gives an additional source of security and medium of convertibility to those notes. The Marshal of this District, Mr. Beverly, we observe, is acting upon the opinion of Mr. Benjamin, seconded by the advice of the District Attorney, and now advertises Government property to be sold for cash or Treasury notes. The policy of the Government, as exhibited in Mr. Benjamin's opinion and in the action of our Marshal, is quite as obvious as it will be favorably appreciated by the public. It is both liberal and judicious, and will still further strengthen public confidence in the Government and its obligations.

‘"Babe's battery."’

The Memphis Avalanche, of a recent date, gives the following description of a gun and the gentleman who carries it:

‘ In Col. Gantt's regiment, a portion of which arrived here yesterday, is a gentleman named Preston Taylor, who is six feet and three inches in height. There would be nothing remarkable in his appearance, but for the immense gun he carries. Judge Hill's elephant gun for the Heavy Guards would bear no comparison to this piece of ordnance. It is five feet eleven and a half inches in length and carries a ball about two inches in diameter. On account of his size, Mr. Taylor is familiarly called ‘"Babe"’ by his comrades, and the term ‘"Babe's Battery"’ is applied to his gun. One of our citizens, on seeing the mammoth weapon, made its possessor a present of a bag of buckshot, and Mr. Taylor says he will ‘"scatter them"’ in the right place.

Eager for the fray.

The Helena (Ark.) Shield learns that on last Monday week thirteen hundred Indian warriors--Southern allies — crossed the Arkansas river near Fort Smith, en route for McCulloch's camp. The Indians were armed with rifles, butcher-knives, and tomahawks, and had their faces painted, and seemed eager for the fray.

Florida mackerel.

The Savannah Republican says:

‘ The blockade is developing the resources of sea and land South. We noticed at the family grocery store of Mr. Jos. H. Farrell, the other day, a strange fish to us, about the size of mackerel, put up in the same sort of kits in which mackerel came from the North. On inquiry we found them to be Florida pickled mullet, the first we believe, ever brought to this market. We tried them, and found them not exactly up to No. 1 mackerel, but a very good substitute during the blockade, until we can get our supplies of mackerel from the British Provinces.

The occupation of Columbus.

In an editorial under the above caption, the Nashville American says:

‘ The occupation of Columbus by Gen. Polk, with Confederate troops, is fully justified by the accompanying circumstances and subsequent development. The Federal troops were actually opposite to Columbus, on the Missouri shore. Gen. Polk has proposed a test for Kentucky neutrality, which cannot fail to decide the sincerity of the Lincoln leaders in that State. He proposes to withdraw the Confederate troops, if the Lincoln Generals will do the same, under mutual guarantees for the future.

Under these circumstances, there can be no doubt that Gen. Polk should not only maintain his position, but should advance it into the heart of Kentucky, unless this spirit of

equal and impartial nentrality is acceded to. What! withdraw his troops in the face of such a resolution as that passed by the Kentucky Legislature, in which the Lincoln mercenaries are virtually invited to remain? It would be a betrayal of the people of Tennessee, an abandonment of their defence and safety. We do declare that it cannot be done without disgrace in the face of these demonstrations.

Arrest of a Suspicious character.

The Memphis Argus, of the 14th, says:

‘ Yesterday officer O'Brien arrested a man calling himself J. M. Barber, who has been prowling about the city for some time, attired by day in citizen's dress and at night donning a Captain's uniform. His representations of his business and occupation are as numerous as his haunts. Upon being arraigned in police court this morning, he was discharged for want of proof, and went on his way rejoicing.

Charleston Banks.

The following patriotic resolutions were passed at a meeting of Directors from the several banks in Charleston, held on the 6th instant, all the banks being represented:

  1. 1. Resolved, That the several banks in Charleston will continue to receive Treasury notes in payment of all dues to themselves, and also on deposits, and will receive payment in the same medium for all paper sent to them for collection; and they hereby decline all collections for which payment in Treasury notes is not satisfactory.
  2. 2. Resolved, That in conformity with the spirit and purpose of the foregoing resolution, all credits will be given and be payable in currency, in which term Treasury notes are included.

A Heroine.

The Selma (Ala.) Reporter has the following:

‘ By the merest accident we learned, the other day, that a lady in Selma, soon after the battle of Manassa, cut up her table-cloth, and every other piece of linen that could be found about her premises, out of which she made lint for our wounded soldiers. Such acts of heroism should be proclaimed from the house tops, not only as an act of sheer justice to such noble conduct, but in order that others may be induced to go and do likewise. No Spartan mother could have done more than this lady under the circumstances; and yet this act has been scrupulously kept from the public, having ‘"leaked out"’ by mere accident.

A good business.

The State Road of Georgia is doing a better business than ever before — caused, doubtless, by the transportation of supplies and the enhanced inland freights consequent upon the blockade. The payment into the Treasury for the month of July amounted to $78,000, and for the month of August $60,000.

A supply of drugs, &C., from Europe.

The Charleston Mercury, of a late date, says:

Mr. Philip Wineman, of the house of John Ashhurst, who visited Europe for the purpose of making special arrangements for direct importation of drugs, medicines, &c., and whose arrest in New York has been reported recently, has arrived in Charleston in full health and vigor after his difficulties.--Mr. Wineman has made ample arrangements in Europe for future business. The lancets and potash which were stolen from him by the Lincolnites will, we think, be fully covered by the sequestration act.

Shot by one of his men.

The Charlestown (Va.) Free Press, of the 12th inst., says that Capt. John Henderson, captain of the ‘"Home (cavalry) Guard,"’ was shot by one of his soldiers named Miller, on Sunday last. The shot was an intentional one, but we have not learned the cause for the commission of the act. Miller has been sent to Winchester and placed in the hands of the civil authorities. The extent of the wound, and the result of injury, cannot at present be known. The ball entered the right shoulder and passed through.

Yankee frigates off Fort Macon.

The Wilmington (N. C.) Journal, of Sept. 14th, says a letter had been received in that city from the camp of the 7th Regiment N. C. State troops now stationed at Fort Macon, under date of the 12th inst., which says that two large steam frigates have been lying off the camp for several days past, and on the 11th a large vessel was seen within long range of the shore; but on the morning of the 12th she up anchor and steamed off out of range, sending back a parting shot which fell in the water some distance from shore.

A Female Warrior.

The Memphis Avalanche, of Sept. 12, says:

‘ One of the Louisiana companies in the battle at Manassa lost its captain. The company then unanimously elected the wife of the deceased to fill his place, and the lady, in uniform, passed through the city yesterday, on her way to assume command of her company.

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