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We make up the subjoined summary from late papers received at this office:

A skirmish in Maryland.

The following official dispatch was received at Gen. McClellan's headquarters on the 16th:

‘ Dearnstown, Md., Sept. 15th. --This afternoon, at half-past 3 o'clock, about 450 Rebels attacked the extreme right of my pickets, about three miles above this place, and opposite Pritchard's mill. The affair was spirited and lasted about two hours.

The enemy were driven from every house and breastwork they occupied. Eight or ten of them are said to be killed, and several wounded. Our loss was one killed. Our victory was complete. The troops behaved admirably. Our cannon were indispensable, and rendered good service in the action.

J. W. Geary, Colonel.

[All stuff and nonsense.]

Lincoln and Premont.

The following is a copy of the letter addressed by Mr. Lincoln to Gen. Fremont: Washington, D. C., Sept. 11, 1861.
Maj. Gen. J. C. Fremont-- Sir:
Yours, of the 8th, in answer to mine of the 2d instant, is just received. Assuming that you, upon the ground, could better judge of the necessities of your position than I could at this distance, on seeing your proclamation of August 30, I perceived no general objection to it. The particular clause, however, in relation to the confiscation of property and the liberation of slaves, appeared to me to be objectionable in its non-conformity to the act of Congress, passed the 6th of last August, upon the same subjects, and hence I wrote you, expressing my wish that that clause should be modified accordingly. Your answer, just received, expresses the preference on your part that I should make an open order for the modification, which I very cheerfully do. It is therefore ordered that the said clause of said proclamation be so modified, held, and construed as to conform to and not transcend the provisions on the same subject contained in the act of Congress, entitled an Act to Confiscate Property used for Insurrectionary Purposes, approved August sixth eighteen hundred and sixty- one, and that said act be published at length with the order.

Your ob't serv't,
A. Lincoln.

The following is a dispatch to the Louisville Courier:

Chicago, September 10.--The Tribune, of this morning, contains a severe article on President Lincoln's letter to Fremont, saying it takes away the penalty of rebellion, and leaves the war a mere opportunity for mutual assassination.

The Post (independent) also condemns the letter, saying it will have a bad effect in Missouri, and that backward steps now will lead to no good results.

Fremont, finding there was trouble in the camp about his proclamation, publishes his construction of it, as follows:

Headquarters Western Dep't, September 14, 1861.
Colonel T. T. Taylor, Commanding at Springfield: Sir:
Yours of the 8th inst., containing an erroneous construction of my proclamation of the 30th ult., has had my attention. I understand the object of your note to be to inquire whether it is my intention to shoot the wounded who may be made prisoners by the forces under my command. The following paragraph extracted, from the proclamation, will be strictly enforced within the limits prescribed against the class of offenders for whom it was intended:

‘ "All persons who shall be taken with arms in their hands within the lines shall be treated with a court martial, and if found guilty will be shot."

’ The lines are expressly declared to be those of the army in the military occupation of the State.

You have wholly misapprehended the meaning of the proclamation. Without undertaking to determine the condition of any man engaged in this rebellion. I desire to be perfectly understood that the proclamation is intended distinctly to recognize the usual right of an open enemy in the field, and to be in all respects strictly conformable to the usages of war.

It is hardly necessary for me to say that it was not prepared with any purpose to ignore the ordinary rights of humanity with respect to wounded men or to those who are humanely engaged in alleviating their sufferings.

The removal of Fremont.

St. Louis, Sept. 16.
--With reference to the removal of Gen. Fremont, the Democrat, of this morning, holds the following language:

The removal of Gen. Fremont we do not think has been seriously considered by the Administration. Complaints have undoubtedly been made against him, and possibly charges preferred, which, of course, will be duly and properly investigated; but those proceedings we are satisfied never look to a result as serious as his removal from this department. His extraordinary energy and efficiency are too highly appreciated by the Government, and the man and his measures are too deeply seated in the affections of the people of the loyal States, to admit the probabilities of any such events.

A New seat of Government for Missouri.

St. Louis, Sept. 16.
--The Republican learns that Col. Marshall, when at Lexington a few days since, took possession of a quantity of property belonging to the State, including books, papers, and the great seal of the State, which Jackson took from Jefferson City.--After the defeat of the State troops at Boonville, by Gen. Lyon, Gov. Jackson positively announced his intention to establish the capital at Lexington, claiming that he had full authority to do so. It may be that this programme has not been relinquished, and the frequent movements of Gen. S. Price, who doubtless is now in possession of Lexington, is with the view of planting the seat of Government there. Whether the Legislature which adjourned May last, to meet again today, will be ready to proceed to business, cannot now be ascertained.

Interdicted Newspapers.

Washington, Sept. 15.
--The Post-Office Department has answered all the letters asking for information in regard to the New York Day Book and all papers excluded from the mails. It appears from the correspondence that not only postmasters, but all other postal agents, are prevented in any wise aiding in their circulation.

Proclamation of the Captain-General of Cuba.

Washington, Sept. 15.
--Notwithstanding the explanation made by the Spanish Minister to Mr. Seward, on Saturday, the reported proclamation of the Captain-General of Cuba, concerning vessels carrying the rebel flag, occupied the attention of the State Department to-day.

Negroes declared free by Fremont.

St. Louis, Sept. 16.
--Twenty-three negroes have been declared free under Fremont's proclamation, being the property of leading rebels.

Col. Cork, with 1,800 regulars, left Fort Laramie on the 2d inst., for Leaven worth.

Battle between Bains and Montgomery.

St. Louis, Sept. 16.
--Leavenworth papers of the 11th give the following account of a late engagement between Rains and Montgomery. On the 2d, 600 rebels under Rains approached Fort Scott and seized 80 mules belonging to the Government, and killed the teamster. A messenger was dispatched to Montgomery, who had 500 men. He pursued Rains 11 miles, and when coming upon the main body of the enemy a battle commenced, the rebels having five cannon and Montgomery one howitzer only. The fight lasted two hours, when Montgomery slowly retreated, keeping up a running fire until nightfall. The enemy's force is reported by persons at from 2,000 to 3,000.

The charge against Col. Blair.

St. Louis, Sept. 16.
--Gen. Blair and Quartermaster Gen. Meigs left for Washington this morning.

It is understood that the precise charge on which Col. Blair was arrested is insubordination in communicating, while a military officer, with the authorities at Washington, making complaints against and using disrespectful language towards General Fremont, with a view of effecting his removal. It is stated that the letters written by Col. Blair are now in the possession of Gen. Fremont.

Further war news from Missouri.

Jefferson City, Sept. 14.
--You may prepare yourselves for strange tidings during the present week. General Price as reinforced by Rains, with 15,000 to 20,000 men, and Claim. Jackson, in their midst to give a show of legality to their proceedings, is advancing upon our lines. Wherever he goes Secessionists flock to meet him, and are rapidly swelling his ranks.

In the affair of the steamer Sioux City at Glasgow, a day or two since, ten rebels were seen to tumble out of their saddles from the effect of shots fired by troops on the steamer.

A courier just arrived from Georgetown announces that Gen. Parson, with 4,000 men, is posted just outside of the town, to prevent the passage of reinforcements to Lexington.

Jefferson City, Sept. 16.-- Gen. Price, at the head of 20,000 men, attacked Lexington on Thursday, but we have no particulars of the battle, nor do we know the result. The troops at Lexington are strongly encamped.

Gen. Pope, at last accounts, was at Hamilton with six or eight thousand troops.

Important Captures.

The St. Louis Republican, of the 14th, has a special dispatch from Jefferson City, dated the 13th, which states that Colonel Mitchell,

with a regiment of Confederates, had captured Boonville, Mo. We subjoin the following important news of the movement of Martin Greene:

Hudson, Macon Co., Sept. 12.--I have just had an interview with an intelligent gentleman of St. Louis, who left Glasgow, Howard county, yesterday. He informs me that he met there Martin Greene, at the head of three thousand five hundred mounted men. He conversed with Greene, but learned nothing of his plans or destination any further than was indicated by his crossing the river with his whole force yesterday, moving southward from Glasgow.

He took possession of the steamer Sunshine, which was lying at Glasgow, and used it for transporting his men and horses over the river. On board the Sunshine were some four hundred stand of arms, four or five Succession prisoners, and a Federal guard of fourteen men. Greene released the prisoners, and took the guard prisoners. The Sunshine was laden with bacon, sugar, &c., &c. The entire cargo fell into Greene's hands, and went into his commissary department.

I am informed by the gentleman to whom I am indebted for the above, that Greene disavows all connexion with bridge-burning and firing into trains, and imputes such diabolical acts to persons not in his command and not under his control.

Washington Gossip — resignation of Fremont — an entire Legislature arrested.

Washington, September 16
--There are no important movements on the other side of the Potomac, but military authorities expect important feats to be made at different points along the line.

It is understood that several of our army officers are busily engaged in returning fugitive slaves to their masters.

There are rumors this morning that General Fremont has resigned his command, and that his action has been taken in consequence of the restriction placed upon his proclamation by the letter of the President.

Mayor Berret, of this city, proposes to resign the office of Mayoralty.

The police are arresting Secession members of the Legislature as fast as they reach Baltimore on their way to Frederick. There will consequently be no quorum present. It is presumed that all the Secession members will be arrested. There are still fifteen of the House and three of the Senate to be arrested. Several of these are said to have fled from the State.

The President has appointed Wm. Nelson, of Kentucky, a Brigadier-General.

Fourteen negroes, the property of the late Com. Jones, made a stampede from near Lewinsville, and came into our lines. Gen. Smith sent them to Washington. The negroes say they were to have been sent South.

Seizures and arrests at New York.

New York, Sept. 16.
--It is reported that one of the schooners lately captured at Hatteras Inlet was from Boston, with a cargo of boots and shoes.

The light-house on Body Island has been blown up and abandoned by the rebels.

The bark Charles Brewer, schooners Mary E. Hopkins, F. H. Russell, and Julia A. Rich, were seized to-day.

The Elisworth's Fire Zouaves are to be mustered out of service. Their insubordination has rendered them unfit for service.

Arms found.

Baltimore, Sept. 16.
--Three hundred new muskets were found buried near the old theatre, supposed to have been concealed by Kane's police after the affair of April 18th.

Ten thousand Tennesseans marching on Paducah.

Cairo, Sept. 16.
--A detective from Columbus, Ky., reports that on Friday last the Rebels, numbering 10,000, under Gen. Johnston, had marching orders. Their destination was Paducah. He also reports Jeff. Thompson's forces at Belmont, Mo.

The crew of the steamer John Gault, seized by the Government a few days since at Paducah, were released to-day.

A force of 800 infantry, four pieces of Capt. Taylor's light artillery, under command of Col. Oglesby, made a reconnaissance below Norfolk, Missouri, Saturday, and saw 300 rebels, who fled on the approach of our troops.

All quiet here and at Paducah.

British neutrality — Cuba and the "rebel" flag.

Washington, Sept. 15.
--In the course of a conversation between Lieut. A. B. Cummings, of the ship Richmond, at Port Royal, with Capt. Morris, commanding the British guard ship Otens, the latter said:

‘ "I suppose you are in search of privateers. We are ordered to observe a strict neutrality and if the Sumter were to come in to-morrow, she would receive the same attention and assistance you have. We can make no difference."

’ He read an extract from a letter from the Lord Commissioners of the Admiralty, which says:

‘ "In the event of any vessel bearing the flag of the Confederate States, you are to observe a strict neutrality."

’ The flag is described, and the letter adds that the number of stars will be increased in case new States should be added to the Confederation.

The proclamation of the Captain-General of Cuba, recognizing the right of vessels flying the rebel flag to enter that port, is thought to be in revenge for efforts of our Consul at Havana to break down the slave trade. The Spanish Minister here knows nothing of it. It was probably issued upon the Captain-General's own responsibility.

Northern Exaggerations of matters in Western Virginia.
[Special dispatch to the Cincinnati Gazette.]

Carnefix Ferry, Sept. 14.
--Lee resumed the attack along our whole lines at Cheat Mountain yesterday. After a long contest, Reynolds fairly repulsed him, with considerable rebel loss, and little or no loss on our side, owing to the fact that our troops fought behind entrenchments. The notorious John A. Washington, late of Mount Vernon, and two other rebel field officers, were killed and left on the field. Our troops brought them in, when Washington's body was recognized by an acquaintance. Lee has manifestly a large force, but he is alarmed lest Rosencranz should come up in the rear.

Our scouts returned to-day from ten miles exploration toward Lewisburg. Floyd had been telling that the Federal loss was tremendous — over two hundred killed first fire — while his own was almost nothing. He did not explain why, after winning such a victory, he retreated.

Wise is down southeast of Hawk's Nest letting Cox alone severely.

McCook took several prisoners yesterday, in an armed reconnaissance across the river.

Most of our wounded are doing very well.

[second Dispatch.]

Camp Scott, Va., Sept. 15.
--General Cox is here to-day for an interview with Gen. Rosencranz. He moved the main body of his army from Gauley Bridge towards Lewisburg. Wise and Floyd are both retreating as fast as possible.

Gen. Schenck is at Grafton, pushing along matters finely for active movements. Several regular officers are ordered to report immediately to headquarters. If the people of Ohio wish to see the campaign in Western Virginia still more successful, let them hurry forward troops immediately by thousands. They can never be more serviceable than just now.

[Third Dispatch.]

Elkwater, Va., September 16.
--The body of Colonel John A. Washington was sent over to the enemy yesterday under a flag of truce. While on its way it was met by a similar flag coming from the enemy for the purpose of obtaining information as to his condition.

On the 12th instant, a detachment of three hundred men from the Fourteenth Indiana and Twenty- fourth and Twenty-fifth Ohio regiments, dispersed three Tennessee regiments under General Anderson, on the west side of Cheat Mountain, completely routing them, killing eighty, and obtaining most of their equipments.

The enemy made an advance on Elkwater on the same day, with a force supposed to be fifteen thousand, but were driven back by detachments from the Fifteenth Indiana and Third and Sixth Ohio, and shells from Loomis's battery. They have retreated some eight or ten miles. A strong force of Arkansas, Tennessee, and Virginia troops, also threatened the east side of Cheat Mountain, but have not yet had a general engagement.

A shell was thrown from one of the Loomis guns into the enemy's camp, a distance of two miles, killing ten and wounding four.

The 13th Indiana had a skirmish with a superior number of the enemy, on the 11th, and killed ten or eleven, with trifling loss on our side.

As the enemy advanced on Elkwater, the column was handsomely checked by a detachment of the 17th Indiana.

Lieut. Morrill, of the Topographical Engineers, was taken prisoner by the rebels while on his way to Cheat Mountain.

[Most of the foregoing account of affairs in Western Virginia should be denominated "rumors and lies."]

The forces at Cheat Mountain.

The Cincinnati Enquirer, of the 16th inst., says:

‘ Owing to the recent skirmishing at Cheat Mountain, it will not be uninteresting to our readers to know the number of our forces and their locality on that mountain. At Beverly are the First Virginia Regiment and the Sixth Ohio; at Huttonsville, the next station south of east from Beverly, are the 13th and 17th Indiana regiments; at Elkwater, on the road leading toward Huntersville, are fortified the Third Ohio and Fifteenth Indiana; and eighteen miles from Elkwater are 6,000 rebel troops, under Col. Loring. On the other road from Huttonsville, leading toward Monterey and Staunton, over Cheat Mountain and on its top, are fortified the Fourteenth Indiana, Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth Ohio, and Loomis's Battery of Flying Artillery. Fifteen miles from this fortification is General Lee, with 9

Two regiments from this State and three from Indiana are to be moved to-day and tomorrow to Gen. Reynolds's assistance. One of the Indiana regiments passes through here this morning.

Lincoln Testing to recruit in Canada.

It will be seen by the following that Lincoln recruiting is at a heavy discount in Canada. The people there have means of sustenance, and are not compelled to enlist for bread:

An attempt was recently made, it is said, to recruit for the American army in Canada. A placard, advertising for volunteers, posted in Kingston, by some persons from Rochester, N. Y., was removed by a public officer and brought to the police court. Instructions were forthwith issued to the police to destroy any similar cards that might appear in the streets or public saloons of that city.

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