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Southern War news.

We make up the following summary of news from our latest Southern exchanges:

Arrival of an with Munitions for the South

A few days since we received private intelligence of an important met, in all respects similar to the following, (which we copy from the Foraythe, Ga., Journal,) but, for prudential reasons, we declined to publish it at time. As the matter has leaked out at last, however, no further harm can come of its republication:

‘"Several days since an iron-clad steame"’ from Liverpool, with 6,500 rifles and 18 cannon, blankets, and clothing for soldiers, landed safe at Savannah. The blockading vessels was not in sight. This is a new steamer, incased with sheet Iron an inch thick, and is now the property of the Confederate States. Our informant saw the vessel himself, went on deck, talked with the captain, who told him that there were three or four more vessels of the same sort on the way; and as soon as the steamers could be manned under the Confederate Government the blockade of Abraham I. would be blown to the ‘'four winds.'’

‘"He said that the arrival of this vessel had caused considerable activity among the merchants in sending off the coffee, tea, salt, &c., to country merchants, while these articles are at a very high figure. He heard the opinion expressed by some ‘"knowing ones"’ that in less than forty days Rio coffee could be bought in Savannah at 12 ½ cents. Large quantities are stored in Cuba, awaiting the removal of the blockade."’

The North Carolina coast.

The Wilmington Journal, of Wednesday learns from a reliable gentleman from near the mouth of New River, Onslow county, that on Monday forenoon about nine o'clock. he heard very heavy reports as from the firing of large guns. The reports, so far as he could judge, came down the coast as though the firing was in the neighborhood or at least in the direction of Fort Macon. The firing at first was slow and at long intervals, but finally became more rapid and then ceased, say about one o'clock P. M. There were about twenty guns fired.

We learn from Zeke's Island, that two steamers were off New Inlet on yesterday.--Late in the afternoon they were not far from each other. This morning but one of them was in sight, and about ten miles out. There is little doubt of pilots having been decoyed out and held on board these Lincolnite craft, perhaps with the view of forcing them to guide them into our harbors and inlets. It is said that the supposed bark is in reality a propellor with a smoke-stack which lowers, and that she changes her rig to suit circumstances. Of this we are not prepared to speak, but think it likely.

The fleet which had been off Fort Macon to the number of six war vessels, suddenly left there, probably on Sunday. It looks a little as though they were gathering in the vicinity of Cape Fear. We will probably hear more shortly.

The suspicious bark.

The Wellington (N. C.) Journal learns from Camp Wyatt that the bark already so much spoken of is still hovering about. At half-past 3 yesterday afternoon she was seen some twelve or fifteen miles in the offing, heading southward, the wind about E. S. E. Another sail was seen yesterday by some of the pickets.

Important changes are going on in the location and distribution of the forces, which changes will probably be completed this week. We do not feel at liberty to allude to particulars.

The Fayetteville arsenal and Armory.

A friend puts us in possession of some interesting details, says the Wilmington Journal, relating to this important establishment, the force at which is now engaged in altering old flint-lock guns, (of which there are several thousands,) to percussion, making very efficient weapons. Where they cannot be altered to advantage, they are overhauled and repaired. Furnished with new flints, they make a very good service gun. Some of Hall's breach-loading rifles have been altered to carbines, and they make an excellent gun for cavalry service. Although the first breach-loading gun made, they are about as good as most weapons of that kind now in use on the continent. Capt. Hall, the inventor, had charge of the rifle factory at Harper's Ferry for many years. There are also a number of flint-lock pistols to be altered to percussion.

The manufacture of new arms has not yet been commenced. They are preparing for it, and hope to be ready by the time the new steam engines are received from Richmond, which will be in two months.

A brief but pointed Valedictory.

The editor of the Camden (Ala.) Southern Republic thus takes leave of his patrons:

With this issue our paper will be suspended until the close of the war. Editor, printers, and devil have all joined the army, and to stay until peace is declared, (all having joined Capt. Longmire's company, the South Alabama ‘"Rebels;"’) after that, those who are left of the Republic gang will resume the publication of our paper. We have come to the conclusion that there is a greater call for soldiers than newspapers, at the present. Those who have paid us in advance for our paper shall have their money's worth when we resume.

Material for more soldiers.

The Newbern (N. C.) Progress has the following in its last issue:

Now, that the shipments of naval stores to Yankee ports — under the British flag — is knocked into a cocked hat by the surrender of Hatteras and the effectiveness of the blockade, and our sailors, shipping merchants, pilots, etc., left with nothing to do, it seems to us that they might organize a good company for local defence. They have families and property to protect as well as others, and now that some of them have made all they can out of the distressed condition of the country we see no reason why they should be excused from doing their duty when the war is at our very threshold. Now that men are wanting to assist in defending their own homes no one can or will be excused.

Episodes of Fort life — a salute and as engagement.

The Charleston Mercury says that on Tuesday afternoon, Capt. Yates, of Fort Moultrie, proposed to Capt. Rhett, of Fort Sumter, to fire a salute from both posts, in honor of the establishment of telegraphic communication between them. Capt. Rhett having assented, Capt. Wagoner was assigned the duty of firing the salute at Sumter. The order to fire given at Fort Sumter was instantaneously sent over the wires to Fort Moultrie, and such was the effect that the reports of the two salutes were almost simultaneous. Great credit is due to the accomplished operators at the two forts, Messrs. Rocho and Seville, for the admirable arrangements they have perfected.

Later in the evening the blockading steamer Vandalia having ventured nearer than usual to the harbor, the batteries of both forts opened upon her. For a time she replied with spirit, but the distance being very great, the firing soon ceased and the steamer retired beyond range.

Appointments to a Brigadier-Generalship.

Col. Thomas F. Drayton, the President of the Charleston and Savannah Railroad Company — under whose auspices the road has been built — has been appointed a Brigadier-General in the Provisional Army of the Confederate States. Gen. Drayton is a graduate of West Point, in the class of 1828, and was detailed as Lieutenant in the Sixth Infantry, in which regiment he served until 1836, when he became associated with the Charleston, Louisville and Cincinnati Railroad Company as Resident Engineer. He served in this enterprise until 1838, since which time he has been engaged in planting.

Important if true, but very doubtful.

The Columbia South Carolinian says that a rumor has reached that city through passengers from the West that an interview took place in Tennessee last week between Gen. (Sumter) Anderson and Gen. A. S. Johnston, during which the former promised the latter to aid in expelling the Federal troops from the State of Kentucky. It is said that the endorsement of Fremont's infamous proclamation by Lincoln has opened the eyes of Gen. Anderson to the real intention of the Abolition Government at Washington, and that he intends to resign his commission forthwith. We give the report for what it is worth.

The Fashions in Charleston.

The Charleston Courier, of Wednesday, says that, on the day previous, many beautiful damsels appeared in the streets in ‘"war homesoun,"’ and trusts that the example will be followed; and if the ladies knew how much pleasure it afforded to the volunteers and to all good citizens, it would be generally and universally followed.

French-loading cannon.

The Government has given an order for a small number of the newly-invented breach loading cannon, to be executed at one of the extensive shops at Atlantis, Ga.

The Rumored battle at Pa Ky

The Nashville Besaw has received information from a young gentleman direct from Paducah, which leaves no doubt in the editors mind that the Federals and Confederates have had an important engagement at and near Paducah, probably resulting in the defeat of the former, and the possession of the city by Gen. Johnson.

The informant passed through Paducah on Wednesday, where he learned that the Federals, upon information that there were about the Confederates at Milburn, a point 82 miles from Paducah, sent to attack them. The Federals however, that there were 15,000 Confederates at Milburn, and harely succeeded in is dis

Gen. Grant thereupon sent his whole force.

reserving about 3,000 to hold Paducah, to attack the Confederates at Milburns One informant passed through Paducah on Wednesday, and slept that night about eight miles from the city. On Thursday, being apprehensive of arrest, he started on horseback at day light. He states that he heard heavy firing in the direction of Milburn and Paducah all day, and until he reached and crossed Tennessee river, about one hour before sundown. He is of the opinion, from what he could gather, that Gen. Johnston attacked Paducah Thursday morning, while Gen. Cheatham engaged the main body at or near Milburn, and that our forces have possession of the city. He could learn nothing as to the result at Milburn, but we have no apprehensions on that score.

A call for Confederate Aid in Wise county.

We take the following from the Abingdon Democrat, of yesterday:

Mr. Bickley, from Louisa, Lawrence county, Ky., on Sandy river. A letter was received at Wise C. H. on Tuesday evening, from a citizen of Kentucky--whose name we withhold — a gentleman every way reliable, who states that there are 2,500 Federal troops at Louisa, and that it is thought they contemplate invading Southwestern Virginia by way of the Pound Gap. That point is one of great importance, an might, if occupied, be held by that force against one much greater; in fact, it could soon be rendered almost impregnable.

The people of Wise want immediate help, in men, arms, and ammunition, to enable them to hold that pass. Unfortunately, we of this section have neither arms nor ammunition, and there is no authority here to send them the desired assistance in the way of men. The Confederate authorities should see to the matter at once — as the railroad, saltworks, and the lead mines are all in danger.

A messenger was dispatched to Gen. Zollicoffer at Cumberland Gap. but we doubt whether he is there at this time.

Effects of the Wildcat policy.

The Memphis Argus remarks:

‘"Hosshead"’ currency, in the shape of ten, twenty, and twenty-five cent ‘ "promises to pay"’--in drinks — is becoming altogether too plentiful in the city, and under its influence silver is rapidly disappearing.

Shooting of rebel prisoners.

The Wheeling Intelligencer, an Abolition paper, describing a skirmish at Big Bend, in Wirt county, about ten miles from Burning Springs, in Western Virginia, in which the Federalists were successful, under Major Slemmer, formerly in command at Fort Pickens, says:

The Union forces then burned the house of Peter Seibargh, a prominent Secession leader, and also the house of another rebel, whose name we did not learn. Both of the houses were fortified. Two rebels, who had taken the oath of allegiance, and were caught with arms in their hands, were taken out and shot. Two more men, caught under similar circumstances, were to have been shot the next day.

The villainies in Maryland.

A correspondent of the Charleston Courier, writing from Virginia, recites the following in relation to the villainies of the Hessians in Maryland:

There is no exaggeration in the account of Federal villainies in Maryland. I have seen and conversed with a number of refugees, who have come over the border within the past six days. With lips quivering, and voices trembling with emotion, they tell of barbarities I almost budder to repeat. One single fact will serve as a specimen, and it is unfortunately true that it is but a specimen. A party of Sickles's ‘"dead rabbits,"’ who had been turned loose upon the unfortunate populace in lower Maryland, burned the homestead of a wealthy citizen, turned his family out into the fields, and, worse than all, carried off one of the young ladies to their den, where she was outraged by nine of the devils. This was related in my presence by a relative of the girl, himself a young man of education, and until lately a Cadet at West Point. Of course you can imagine somewhat the feelings that now animate the Marylanders. The most terrible vengeance that can be conceived will be visited upon the Goths and vandals when Maryland is relieved. No quarter will be given by the outraged people. The barbarians know it, and Lincoln, in his terror, gives another turn to the screws. It seems to be as much a duty to humanity as a military necessity that the Confederates should march into Maryland.

An accomplished corps of Dragoons.

Speaking of Capt. Louis M. Strobel's company, the Houston (Texas) Telegraph says:

The first company of Terry's regiment of Texas Rangers arrived in town on Wednesday night on their way to Virginia. Captain Strobel is a worthy officer. Though a native of South Carolina he was raised in Texas.--His education was military, and was received under the gallant Ransom, who fell in the Mexican war, at the head of his regiment while storming Chepultepec.

His company numbers one hundred and four men. Every man is armed with a double-barrel shot-gun, a six-shooter and a ‘"Texas toothpick."’ This last is a two-edged pointed knife, twenty-four inches long, and weighing about three pounds, and a man using it could cut another's head off and not half try.

Every man in this company is more at home on horseback than any where else.

We see accounts in the Richmond papers of ‘"astonishing feats"’ of Texas riders, who pick up a loaded pistol from the ground at full gallop and fire it off under the horse's neck. This is no uncommon thing in Texas, and we speak within reason when we promise that half of Terry's regiment will do it when they get to Richmond. Two-thirds of Strobel's company will ride into an ordinary cavalry regiment and dismount half their men without touching hand or weapon to them. These boys are all splendid shots, not a man but would be ashamed to belong to the company if he couldn't hit his mark with a revolver at eighty yards.

They are all picked men, aged from twenty to thirty years, and with muscles like steel, and every inch game as a fighting cock. We promise President Davis that they can whip three for one of any number he will put them against, and not get in the least excited about it.

Chances at a Discount.

The habeas corpus case of the steamboat pilot spies in New Orleans has been indefinitely continued, and they will doubtless be handed over to the military authorities as a case which belongs to their jurisdiction. The Attorney General filed the response to the writ of Gen. Twiggs, in which he claims military jurisdiction in the case. We would not give much for these fellows' chances.

The Mineral wealth of North Carolina.

Professor Emmons, who made a geological survey of some of the midland counties of the Old North State, says that the developments of natural wealth are astounding:

‘"The coal fields are ample for all the South; the mining interests are of incalculable extent; the auriferous ores are of wonderful richness. The silver lead mines are not surpassed in value by those of any country, and yield zine, lead, copper, silver, and gold."’

Lively Skirmishing between Lee and the Federalists.

The Lynchburg Republican, of yesterday, says:

A gentleman who came over on the Orange railroad, on an extra train, yesterday morning, informs us that Gen. Lee had effected a junction with Generals Floyd and Wise, near Meadow Bluff, and that they had marched their combined forces for the purpose of attacking the Federalists under Roseneranz, who occupied a strong position some few miles distant.

It was reported that a heavy skirmish took place between the advanced guards of the two armies on Tuesday, resulting in the defeat of the Federals, with a considerable loss.

It was further reported by a gentleman direct from Jackson's river on Wednesday morning, that information was received at that point before he left, that a combined attack was to have been made by Generals Lee, Floyd, and Wise on the enemy on Wednesday; and the gentleman further states that heavy cannonading was heard in the direction of Lewisburg before his departure, and there was no doubt but a severe battle was being fought.

We give these rumors as we heard them, not vouching for their accuracy. We will remark, however, that there is a strong probability of their truth, as it seems to be well authenticated that General Lee had marched a strong column, estimated at 6,000, to the aid of General Floyd.

Misplaced courtesy to Federal pickets.

A correspondent of the N. O. Picayune writing from Leesburg, Va., says:

I regret that our Gen. Evans, and the Yankee Gen. Sloan have agreed to stop picket firing, Since this agreement there has begun a little pucial intercourse between the pickets, A few days past one of our soldiers accepted the invitation of the Yankees to come across to their side and dine with them I had rather trust a Camanche, but he went over, and after spending an hour or so, returned. The Yankees, he said, were dreadful afraid of an attack from us, stated they would not come over to attack us. They were especially anxious to get tobacco, and as our trooper happened to have two plugs, he unsettled their patriotism by saying that our troops had two plugs issued to them every week. On yesterday four Yankees swam over to our side, three ran when hulled by our pickets, and were fired at, the other was brought into our camp after clothes had been obtained for him.

Arrival of a French man-of-war in the Mississippi.

The New Orleans Picayune, of Tuesday, has the following highly interesting announcement:

Yesterday evening Com. Hollins received

a telegraphic dispatch from the Passes, informing him a French man-of-war had just arrived through Pass-a-I'Ontre, and cast anchor about five miles above the telegraph station. The Commodore immediately ordered a tug down the river, with his compliments to the French captain, and an offer to tow up his vessel should he choose to come with her to this city. As it may be well expected, this news threw St. Charles street into the greatest excitement, and by seven o'clock the bar-rooms, theatres, drill-rooms, and even the bauquetles of this lively thoroughfare were animated with groups of gladdened citizens, commenting in a thousand different manners on the great haple nows of the day.

Latest from Texas--a scouting party destroyed — salt

The San Antonio Herald, of the 7th instant, says, it has a letter from Lieutenant W. P. White, commanding at Fort Davis, giving the particulars of the destruction of a scouting party of fourteen men, under Lieutenant R. E. Mayes, by the Mescalero Apaches. The Herald relates the facts as follows:

On the 4th ult., these Indians shot some fifteen head of Mr. P. Murphy's cattle and retreated. On the next day Lieutenant Mayes went in pursuit.

After a pursuit of a few days, they came upon Indian signs, which they followed to a large Indian camp. During the next night, they rode up within-half a mile of the camp, hitched their horses and crawled up as noiselessly on foot as possible within fifty yards of the nearest hut, where they remained until it became light enough to see, when they commenced firing upon the huts, without seeing any Indians. In a very short time the fire was returned by Indians encamped just over some sand hills, where they had been unseen. Jack Woodian was shot in the arm and John Turner through the body.

Lieut. Mayes and party were forced to retreat, which they did until they reached their horses; when, seeing the Indian forces increasing, they commenced running and shooting. The Indians partly flanked them so as to drive them into another encampment as large as the first. Here it is probable they were all killed, except the Mexican, Juan, who made his escape and got safely into camp. This massacre was upon a little creek, about 25 miles from San Carlos.

The In lans had a great feast and merrymaking that night. They cut some ribs out of Lieut. Mayes's horse, which they roasted and eat. It is supposed the party numbered over a hundred warriors, all well armed.--They were said to be making down the country about the Pecos river.

Gen. Paul O. Hebert, assigned to the command of the Department of Texas, arrived at Houston on the 10th instant, from New Orleans.

A letter to the Houston Telegraph mentions that there are 200,000 bushels of salt in and about Corpus Christi, made at that place.--Heavy rains had closed the salt season by dissolving the millions of bushels that had formed in the numerous lakes South of Corpus Christi.

The San Antonio Dedger informs us that fifty-six men are employed in the arsenal there, in making cartridges, caissons and gun carriages, for the cannon that have been in the arsenal unmounted for years; among them, a splendid 18-pounder brass piece taken from the Mexicans at San Jacinto, which is to be rifled, and in repairing and cleaning guns.

The battle at Lexington, Mo.

There seems to be considerable doubt about the result of the recent battle at Lexington, Missouri, (not Kentucky, as incorrectly quoted from a Hessian journal.)

The Louisville Journal, of the 20th inst., contains a telegraphic dispatch from St. Louis, reporting a hard-fought battle at Lexington, Mo., between the Missouri forces, under Gen. Mulligan, on the 17th. The last dispatch reports that Gen. Price occupied the town of Lexington, from which it is fair to infer that Gen. Price was victorious. Reinforcements from Gen. Jim Lane were expected during the battle, but did not arrive.

Lexington has been designated, by Gov. Jackson, as the future seat of government of Missouri, and its possession, by the Southern troops, at this time, is very important.

The Fort Smith (Ark.) Times says:

We learn from Henry Minehart, bearer of dispatches from Gen. McCulloch's camp, who arrived here last night, that the Jayhawkers, under Jim Lane and Montgomery, are becoming very troublesome. They have several thousand men.

Gen. Price is marching on Lexington, and thousands of Missourians are flocking to his standard. He has now 18,000 or 20,000 men, and will make a descent on Jefferson City soon. Union men are joining his standard, being driven to it from Fremont's proclamation.

A blasphemous Lincolnite.

A Dane, named Daniel Wilkins, says the N. O. Trac Dene, of Tuesday, is now under arrest in the Fourth district on a charge of being an abolitionist and using blasphemous language. Among other things he is said to have remarked that, Abe Lincoln was ‘"as good a man as Jesus Christ or anybody else."’ The case was this morning called to the notice of Gen. Twiggs, who sent word to Recorder Adams to investigate it, and if ‘"probable cause"’ be found, to place Wilkins in the custody of the C. S. marshal.

Permission to foreign vessels.

The Fort Brown (Texas) Flag states that the Mexican Congress, or the Secretary of Marine, has granted permission to foreign vessels to enter the Rio Grande river and discharge their cargoes at Matamoras. This concession is said to have been extended on account of the blockade of the Southern ports, and, if actually made, may be of considerable service to the inhabitants of Texas.

Sword Presentation to Gen. Jeff. Thompson--characteristic Acknowledgment.

Some of the citizens of Memphis, Tenn., recently presented Gen. Jeff. Thompson with a sword and pair of pistols, in response to which he sends the following characteristic letter. Gen. T. and his faithful old ally, Indian John, were both in Memphian Wednesday:

Headquarters 1st Mid, Dist. S. M. G.,

Camp Belmont, Sept. 20th, 1861.
A few Memphis Patriot:
Your kind and appropriate present of a sword and pair of revolvers, by the hands of my old schoolmate, Charley Stephenson, is received, and I sincerely thank you for the gift and the compliment. I have heretofore had to fight the enemy with my pen and tongue, but with borrowed sword and pistol. I can now let in on them in the good old fashioned way, and hope that in the next ten days I can prove the metal of the sword and range of the pistols on the Northern vandals, or more despicable Union men of this State. Whenever I shall draw the sword or aim the pistols, I will think of the unknown donors and strike for the ‘ "few Memphis Patriots."’

Yours, etc.,
M. Jeff. Thompson.

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