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Missouri seemed to present the most hopeless case at the outset of the war. Eargely settled by emigration from the North; with St. Louis, a German city of great population, as her centre of wealth and wade surrounded on every side but one by a "cordon of free States;" Kansas, with her cut-throats, under Montgomery, flanking her on the West the Northwestern States teeming with adventurous and desperate characters, fashioned after the pattern of John Brown, flanking her on the North and East; it seemed inevitable that Missouri must be the first State of the South to fall under the threatened subjugation. But there was one circumstance which offered a gleam of hope to her friends outside. She had a Governor of unfailing courage, who was true to his duty and to the South. From that one single piece of good fortune has resulted the rescue and redemption of Missouri. There were people enough in Missouri, as there are in Kentucky and Maryland, true to the cause of their native South; but they wanted a leader endowed with the political authority and personal courage requisite to give legality, concentration, and energy to their action. Governor Jackson was this man.--He has proved true, faithful, and persevering. He has not allowed himself to be dismayed at any moment by superior force. He has never forsaken, abandoned, or despaired of the cause. With his faithful colleague Lieutenant Governor Reynolds, he has presented a nucleus, around which the loyal men of Missouri have rallied. The people of Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana and other Southern States, seeing that the loyal Missourians were willing to help themselves, marched gallantly to their aid.--The army of three months men, hastily recruited by General McCulloch, won the first great victory at Springfield. Their terms of service having expired, they went home, and now General McCulloch is at the head of a new army enlisted for long service, and marching again for the heart of the State. The success at Springfield produced a great accession of recruits to the army of General Price and of General Rains, chiefly of Missouri volunteers; and the victory and whole sale capture of valuable munitions at Lexington are, in great part, the fruit of Springfield. Gen. Price is a true man, and a brave soldier. He is of the old Prince Edward (Va) race of Prices. He may be said to be in possession of all Western Missouri,--at the head, as he is, of twenty thousand men flushed with two victories, and incensed with just indignation at the butcheries in St. Louis. The case of Kentucky is in painful contrast with that of Missouri. While the one is throwing off the yoke, the other is putting it on; while the one is rising into independence, the other is sinking into slavery. Kentucky is about at last to drink to the dregs the cup of desolation. Her Governor and her Legislature crouch with craven fear before the approaching despotism. They are necessitating a long and bloody strife for their people. The condition of Kentucky will be even more hopeless for awhile than that of Maryland.--But there is a leaven in her population which will sooner or later leaven the lump. The brave spirits of Kentucky under Buckner and Johnston will never surrender the cause of their State. They will fight on through adversity and disaster, until the dawning of that brighter day, which always rises for the patriots and heroes who do their duty faithfully through the night and the winter of gloom, and hold fast to the cause in the hours that try men's souls.
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