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What is going on in Alexandria.

Amidst the general news from our Washington files, by special express, we find the following:

[correspondence of the National Republican.]

Alexandria, Va., Sept. 17, 1861.
To the Editor of the National Republican;
This place being the central point of operations, I have thought that a few items, such as I have been enabled to gather, might interest your readers.

Last night a band of the Fifth Maine regiment came down here and serenaded the Governor--Brigadier-General Montgomery. They performed several pieces in an excellent manner, and, at the conclusion, were received by the General in his quarters, the officers being presented to him by Colonel J. R. Freese, his Assistant Adjutant General.

Refreshments were served, and some excellent speeches made, when the members retired delighted with the general urbanity and kindness.

The Governor is very popular here, and is universally liked. Colonel J. R. Freese also, his A. A. G., has won golden opinions here from all who have been brought in business contact with him. In addition to his office of Assistant Adjutant General, he is also Provost Judge of the city.

He has lately commenced a crusade against those dens of poison, "whiskey shops," the selling of which article is prohibited in consequence of its demoralizing effects on the soldiers.

He has carried on a war of extermination, and with the most complete success. The companies guarding the town (belonging to Col. Lanning's 17th New York Regiment) also act as detective police; and any one detected selling liquor to soldiers, in violation of general orders, is immediately arrested and brought before the Judge, who either fines or imprisons him, as he sees fit. It will give you some idea of the amount of business transacted at this court, when I inform you that 158 cases were disposed of yesterday.--All of these were not soldiers, some being citizens, charged with various offences.

We have regular weekly Union meetings here. Some of the most prominent citizens in and around Alexandria, formed themselves into a body, under the style of the "Unconditional Union Association." The most important and successful meeting of this body took place last Thursday evening, at the Lyceum Hall--Gen. Montgomery, Col. Freese and staff attended, and the hall was filled to overflowing by a highly respectable audience.

Indeed, scores could not obtain seats, being content, if they could only hear the speakers. The band mentioned above enlivened the proceedings by performing, at intervals, patriotic pieces. The Glee Club, thirty-second regiment, sang excellently well some Union songs.

Gen. Montgomery addressed the meeting in a short but eloquent speech, and was followed by Col. Freese in a soul-stirring speech, during which the speaker drew repeated cheers from the audience, and sat down amidst tremendous applause.

He was followed by the Rev. Dr. J. C. Carver, chaplain of the seventeenth New York regiment, in an excellent and touching address, at the conclusion of which Col. J. R. Freese, in his official capacity of court judge, swore in above thirty new members.

As each one moved up and took the oath of allegiance and fidelity to the United States he was greeted with a round of applause, and at the termination of the ceremony, the old building rang with cheers for some minutes, the band playing "Hall Columbia."

A very noticeable and gratifying feature, connected with this meeting, was the presence of numerous ladies of high respectability. Col. Freese, with his usual tact, paid them a delicate compliment, and returned them thanks for their presence.

Skirmishing goes on as usual along our lines, but nothing of importance has transpired.

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