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[for the Dispatch.]

Affairs in Kentucky--the Capture, sentence of death, and escape of James H. Burnam, Esq.

From Mr. Burnam, just arrived from Kentucky, I have obtained the following items of interest concerning the whereabouts and doings of the Confederate forces under the gallant Buckner.

The General makes his headquarters at Bowling Green, and is at present occupying his force of some 20,000 men in clearing the Green river country of the Union camps, preparatory to an advance upon the Lincolnites at Elizabethtown, which they hold with 6,000 men under the turn-coat Rousseau.--Buckner has dispersed the Unionists at Glasgow, made them swim the river at Clover port, and pull up stakes at Hopkinsville, capturing all their arms and munitions. He has taken possession of the railroad to within a few miles of Elizabethtown, and contemplates an advance at an early day upon that place. Both parties are fortifying themselves wherever they go. The Confederate force is made up of three Mississippi regiments seven Tennessee, and 12 of Kentucky, with Kentuckians rallying to their standard by whole regiments. Shortly after their advance to Bowling Green, Gen. Buckner found it necessary to send dispatches to Owensboro', on the Ohio river. The route lay through a hot Union district, and which was held by Federal troops from Evansville, Indiana.

Mr. Burnam volunteered to carry the dispatches. He started on the 19th of September; on the 20th he was captured near Hartford by some 400 of the enemy. While they were taking him to headquarters, he excused himself for a moment and destroyed his dispatches. Arrived at Hartford, they searched him thoroughly, but found nothing, and were on the point of letting him go, when a scout came in with his papers torn to fragments.--They put them together and deciphered the contents, and, holding a court-martial, sentenced Mr. Burnam to death, to be shot next morning. During the night the enemy were joined by another Federal regiment, under Col. Hawkins, who reported that 5,000 Confederates were on their trail. Both regiments then retreated to Owensboro', where Mr. Burnam was fortunate enough to have an interview with the persons to whom the dispatches were addressed, and the objects of his journey were accomplished, the locks on Green river were blown up the next night and navigation stopped. He then turned his attention to his own safety. Col. Hawkins was a relative of his, and reprieved him for a short time; and by means of the countersign and a Federal uniform, kindly furnished by a friend in the enemy's ranks, he escaped, obtained a horse, and struck out for Bowling Green, 175 miles distant. On the road he met with both friends and foes, was re-arrested twice, and finally got home with the assistance of Mr. Todd, a brother-in-law of Lincoln, and brother of the two gentlemen now in the Confederate service in Virginia--Mr. Burnam's brother is Adjutant of the 1st Kentucky regiment, at Fairfax Court-House.

The Federals treated him very well while they had him; but they were the worst scared set of men he ever saw when the report of the advance movement of Confederates reached them; they never thought of making a stand, only of retreating.

Yours, truly,

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