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Southern war news.

Our Southern exchanges furnish the following items:

Another Raid on Harpers Ferry.

The Charlestown Spirit of Jefferson says that on Tuesday last a body of Hessians made a descent upon Harper's Ferry and commenced a work of destruction upon various places of business and residence. They succeeded in ruining a vast quantity of furniture and carrying off a large amount of jewelry and stores, besides stealing a number of negroes.

Proclamation against speculation.

Gov. Moore, of Alabama, has issued the following proclamation, most opportunely, and applicable not only in Alabama, but in old Virginia too:

Executive Department, Montgomery, Ala., Oct. 2, 1861.

I have credible information that sundry persons, in the cities of Mobile and Montgomery, and other parts of the State, are buying up the limited supply of the articles which are indispensable for the subsistence, clothing and maintenance of our soldiers and people, for the purpose of monopolizing the trade in such articles, and realizing large and unreasonable profits. I deem it my duty to protest, in this public manner, against such conduct, and pronounce it unpatriotic and wicked; and I hereby notify all persons authorized to make purchases for the State of Alabama, not under any circumstances, to buy at the unreasonable prices which may be exacted by such persons.

Those who would take advantage of the necessities of the country and its army, to enrich themselves by such means, cannot be regarded as its friends, and will meet with a merited retribution in due season. I have no condemnation or rebuke for merchants who are engaged in legitimate trade, and only exact just and reasonable profits. They sub-serve a purpose of unquestionable usefulness, by procuring and supplying the things which the people and the Government need; and they manifest alike their patriotism and integrity by continuing to pursue a course of legitimate trade, uninfluenced by the opportunities for monopoly and extortion. It is due to the community which has patronized such merchants, as well as to the country, that they should sell their merchandize only to persons needing them for consumption, and in such quantities as may be needed for that purpose; thus contributing to defeat the designs of the harpies, who would speculate upon the necessities of the times.

A. B Moore.

From Arkansas — Miscellaneous items.

Maj. Geo. W. Clark, quartermaster at Fort Smith, publishes a card asking the assistance of the citizens of Arkansas to aid him in supplying sufficient comfortable clothing for the gallant Arkansas troops during the approaching winter, belonging to the command of Gen. McCulloch.

We learn from the Little Rock True Democrat, that the ordinance of the Arkansas Convention, providing for the issuance of State bonds, restricted the amount to be issued to two millions of dollars, and for their payment the State pledges sixteen or eighteen millions of acres of land and her revenue. The interest is paid semi-annually in specie.

The same paper states that the railroad from that city to White River will be completed this fall at the rate they are now progressing. Finding it difficult to bring iron up the Arkansas River, they have taken it up White River, and commenced laying the track from that end. Some fifteen or twenty miles are completed, and they are gradually approaching the Arkansas River.

The sequestration act will, it is said, operate to the extent of securing to the South more than one million of dollars in Arkansas. The Democrat says that Mr. Woodruff, of Little Rock, has the largest land agency of any person in the State. It has been estimated that he controls, or has charge of, at least half a million dollars' worth of property owned by parties resident in the Northern States. Of course all this will be sequestrated.

Gen. Hardes has made a requisition upon the Military Board of Arkansas for four regiments. This will make nine new regiments to be furnished by Arkansas. They can be raised if proper steps are taken and timely provision made.

A letter from Helena, dated the 21st, says that Col. Henry L. Biacos died suddenly on that morning of apoplexy. He was among the oldest inhabitants of Arkansas, having emigrated to that State while it was a Territory, in about 1816. He was a native of Richmond, Va., and held many responsible offices in the late Territory, as well as State of Arkansas.

Critical position of Ben M'Culloch.

The critical position of Gen. McCulloch, in Arkansas, was plainly indicated by his call for more troops. This call was made in the most urgent strain, and is echoed by the members of his staff with unmistakable earnestness. Col. Hindman issues the following to the people of North-west Arkansas and Washington Territory:

Fayetteville, Sept. 26th, 1861.

The time for delay, for dissensions, has passed. Ten thousand (10,000) Kansas ruffians and cut-throats, flushed with victory, approach your own homes to plunder and to desolate. McCulloch will meet them in your defence, but with a force wholly insufficient. He cannot be defeated, but may be destroyed. His destruction will be ours. You must, you will go to his aid. Rally, then, as one man, instantly, in defence of your country. The arms for two regiments of infantry, and four companies of cavalry are here in my possession. As companies are formed and reported to me by telegraph or express, I will accept them for twelve months, arm them and move them forward as rapidly as possible towards the enemy. Let every man who has a Southern heart, and the bodily strength for service, enrol his name in some company, and be ready to march at a moment's warning.

T. C. Hindman,Col. C. S. A.

The Cuyler and the Bartow.

The Apalachicola Times gives a long account of an engagement between the U. S. steamship Cuyler and the privateer Bartow. The latter sailed down the harbor and was approaching Dog Island Light-House, supposing the Cuyler was of too heavy draft to cross the bar. She was, however, suddenly confronted with the Cuyler, who fired some twenty-seven shots and shell at her from a rifle cannon. The Bartow also put into the fight, but her metal was too light for her balls to take effect. Finding the steamer too much for them, the crew of the privateer abandoned her in small boats, soon after which the steamer retired, and they returned and took the Bartow up Crocked river, where she was scuttled. At last accounts arrangements were being made to raise and take her back to the city.

The Treasure at Lexington.

To put an end to all speculation on the subject of the funds of the Farmers' Bank, at Lexington, Mo., the St. Louis Republican is authorized to state, by a gentleman who was a witness of the transaction, that, after the surrender of the Federal troops at Lexington, the money committed to the charge of Col. Mulligan, in the entrenchments, was taken by Gen. Price and Col. Mulligan, conveyed by their orders to the Bank, and there in their presence counted. The whole sum, coin and bank notes, was $960,000, and this sum, except $15,000, in three packages of $5,000 each, was received.--The fifteen thousand dollars in notes, it is conjectured, was stolen by Federal troops about the time of the surrender, and when a less strict guard was kept. This idea is strengthened by a report from Quincy that the soldiers, or some of them, were well supplied with Farmers' Bank notes, and were offering them at a discount. However this may be, the main fact of the deposit of all the funds in bank settles the question of the soundness of that institution, and all the St. Louis Banks are receiving the notes.

From Memphis — the steamer Cheeney.

Some time since the steamer Cheeny, which plied between Columbus, Memphis, and Cairo was seized by several Alabamians. She remained at Memphis from that time, during which Mr. P. F. Schleicker, part owner, has attempted to get possession of her. He finally succeeded, and was given a certificate by Gen. Polk for her release. The Memphis Appeal, of Saturday, adds:

‘ In accordance with the mandate here given, sheriff Felts yesterday formally took possession of the Cheeney, and delivered her over to Mr. Schleicker, who expressed his intention of running her between Napoleon and Memphis. After this was concluded, as that gentleman was walking in the streets, he was arrested on the charge of disloyalty to the Confederate Government, founded, we are informed, upon an allegation that on one occasion he caused a citizen of Mobile to be arrested by the Lincolnites on the ground of his being a Secessionist. Mr. Schleicker is in very delicate health, and after his arrest he suffered severely from sickness. He was taken to the Gayoso house and placed in kind hands. His friends are warm in their declarations of his soundness as a Southern man. On the other hand, those who have caused his arrest express themselves as able to prove their allegations. Money matters and personal feeling are said to be mixed up in the affair.

Latest from Kentucky--movements of the Contestants — Concentration of refugees, &c.

A gentleman arrived in the city to-day from Eastern Kentucky, by way of Bowling Green, who reports that Camp Dick Robinson was evacuated, with the exception of the sick, on Sunday, the 22d ult. A portion of the force went to Lexington and Frankfort, to guard those places, and the remainder, about four thousand strong, march to a point called Big hill, about sixty miles nearer the Tennessee line. The object is to fortify this hill with the view of preventing General Zollicoffer's march into the interior of Kentucky. Our informant says the position is a very strong one, and susceptible of being made a very formidable obstruction to Zollicoffer's progress.

Gen. Zollicoffer has not, as reported by the Louisville Journal, advanced to Manchester, in Clay county. He was fortifying Cumberland ford, with a view of making that a strong point before he advanced.

From Bowling Green we learn that our troops have not advanced beyond Green river. They are busily engaged in throwing up fortifications at the latter point on both sides of the river. That beyond the river is nearer the town of Munfordville.

The Federalists are fortifying Elizabethtown, where they have about 7,000 troops and eight pieces of cannon. They have a small force at Muldraugh's hill. Up to within a few days they were receiving considerable accessions to their force; but within a few days their increase has been very small, showing that Kentuckians are not responding to the call of Gen. (Sumter) Anderson.

There are about fifteen hundred refugees encamped in the vicinity of Green river, and one thousand at Bowling Green, embracing men of every age and condition in life. These men have been compelled to flee to save their lives or to escape an imprisonment little less intolerable than death itself. They represent that a perfect reign of terror exists wherever the minions of Lincoln are in a majority, or have the power through the intervention of troops sent to overawe them.

So far we have heard of no ladies being arrested, but we know of ladies who have been compelled to flee the State in order to prevent arrest. The mother and sister of a Kentucky gentleman high in authority in the Southern army, now in Kentucky, are now refugees in this city, having arrived here a day or two since, and they escaped a posse sent by Gen. Anderson, it is presumed to arrest them, by only a few hours. The petty tool of a petty tyrant cannot stop with arresting brave and patriotic men, but he must needs arrest and imprison defenceless women if he can, because their sons, and brothers, and husbands dare to be freemen.

The Kentucky Lincoln oath.

A correspondent sends to the Louisville Journal a copy of the oath which is administered by Capt. Gibson, who is in command at West Point, Ky., to parties arrested by his order. It is as follows:

‘ "We, the undersigned, solemnly swear that we will support the Constitution of the United States and of the State of Kentucky; that we will be loyal to the same and the Government thereof, and in no way aid, abet, or approve the infamous and unholy war of rebellion now being waged against the United States; and if we violate this oath, may God visit us with special vengeance and men hold us as outlaws from all human sympathy."

’ There are very few troops in Louisville, and the Lincolnites find it impossible to excite the enthusiasm of the people in espousing the cause of the despot. Comparatively few are volunteering, notwithstanding the urgent appeals to the people. The Journal and Democrat are both begging piteously for volunteers.

The army in the Mississippi Valley.

Some idea of the formidable obstacles which Lincoln's flotilla will have to encounter in its passage down the Mississippi, may be formed from the annexed extract from a letter to the Baton Rouge Gazette:

‘ Our troops are composed of the flower of Mississippi, Tennessee, Missouri, Kentucky, and last, though not least, a brigade of Louisinians, to which I hope will be added the Donaldsonville Cannoneers now in Memphis. With Johnston, Polk, Pillow, Thompson, Cheatham, and McGown at the lead of operations here, Zollicoffer at Cumberland Gap — Buckner at Bowling Green, with thousands rallying to his standard daily — you may prepare to hear soon of the grand ‘"smash"’ of the Lincoln project to invade the Mississippi valley, as he would have to walk over the dead bodies of no less than 200,000 Southerners to accomplish the feat — not, however, without the sacrifice of a few on his part.--Strong fortifications are being erected here, which will make the place in a few days pretty hard to take. Beyond that I cannot go — it is all that can be said about our fortifications.

The cargo of the iron-clad Vessel.

The New Orleans Delta publishes the following as the contents of the iron-clad steamer which arrived at Savannah some weeks ago:

200 cannons, 8,500 Enfield rifles, 20,000 army pistols, 15,000 sabres, 100,000 blankets, 65,000 army shoes, 2,000,000 percussion caps, 2 tons powder, a large lot of quinine, and other articles much needed by the Confederate army.

Seizure of pilot boats.

The New Orleans Bee learns that the U. S. blockading steamer came over the bar on Wednesday and several pilot boats. After manning them, they were sent to guard different small inlets and passes into the river.

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