The Memphis Avalanche has received advices from the Northern line in the West to the 10th instant, from which we make the following extracts:
Movements of Federal troops.In one day last week, thirteen thousand troops from Ohio and Indiana passed through Louisville on their way to Muldraugh's hill. The command of the Federal forces in Kentucky is divided between Anderson (sick) and Sherman. At Louisville the Federals had six companies of artillery, and the artillery force was to be increased to one hundred guns. At Indianapolis a camp of instruction had been instituted. A large number of men were there being schooled in the art of war, and our informant saw 32 rifled cannon at that place. The number of Federals at different places along the Ohio is thus given by our informant: At Henderson, 3,000; at Paducah, 11,000; at Cairo, 4,500; at Byrd's Point, 15,000. On Friday last fifteen 32-pounders arrived at Cairo. The report published in our last, that three of Lincoln's boats had landed troops at Lucas's Bend, is confirmed, but our informant states they were after forage. George McK. Lukin, a printer, formerly President of the Typographical Union of this city, is at Cairo, to spot such Southerners as he may chance to know. Lukin is a Chicago man. He recognized our informant, but too late to have him arrested. When our informant was at Paducah there was a current report in town that Gen. Pillow was within the lines. The guards were doubled and orders issued to allow no man to leave the place. He could not learn whether they succeeded in catching him or not.
From Jefferson city.A special dispatch to the St. Louis Democrat states that three Federal scouts had been captured by the Confederates on the 9th, and that heavy cannonading was heard in the direction of Tipton the same day. The only considerable body of Confederates the Federals knew of near Tipton was 3,000 cavalry, from Price's force, which had been ‘"laying in wait"’ for the jayhawkers several days — from all which we imagine that Gen. Price is ere this in possession of the capital of Missouri. The papers are prohibited from publishing news of Fremont's movements. Considerable ‘"indignation"’ has been manifested in military circles at Jeffersonville on account of the ‘"false alarm"’ of an attack on Hermann. The Confederates, says the special, are about abandoning Lynn creek.
A Pretty Yankee Story Spoiled.The New York Post, of the 10th, says, ‘"there is not a word of truth in the Times dispatch about 100 rebels being drowned by the fire of the Monticello, near Hatteras inlet."’
A Rebellious Bank in Washington.The Bank of Washington refuses to take the Treasury notes, and Lincoln's minions want Congress to close the ‘"disloyal institution."’ A Union newspaper has been established at Alexandria. Gen. Harney was expected in Washington on the 10th.
From Western Virginia.
Gen. Rosencranz's column.
Important correspondence between General Buckner and the Hon. J. R. Underwood.The subjoined correspondence, says the Louisville (Bowling Green) Courier, of the 14th, which we have been permitted to publish, will be read with interest. We regard General Buckner's reply to Mr. Underwood as one of the very best documents the campaign has yet brought forth. It shows that, so far from being the intolerant man the tory sheets in Kentucky wickedly represent him, General Buckner is disposed to be more tolerant, forbearing, and indulgent than many would think either proper or prudent:
Hon. J. R. Underwood's letter.
Gen. S. B. Buckner: Sir
J. R. Underwood.
Brigadier General Buckner's reply.Warren county, political motives might induce (your) arrest by (my) orders, in case you return home, and place (yourself) in (my) power."’ And you ask me ‘"whether upon (your) return (I) will permit (you) to remain unmolested with (your) family, &c., and then to reassemble (at Frankfort) with the members of the Legislature?"’ If your suggestion in reference to your arrest on political grounds refers to any contemplated action of mine, it is not justified by anything I have said. I have never yet made a political arrest, nor contemplated making one. I regard the practice of such arrests as exercised by the United States authorities, and by some of the authorized armed bands of Kentucky, as at war with every principle of justice, of the Constitution, and of humanity. It is against the unlawful claim of the right to imprison citizens at will that has been with me a chief cause of resisting the tyranny of the Government. In the proclamation published by me at the time of occupying this place, I announced the principles which would guide my conduct. I have adhered simplicity to those principles, and have endeavored by my own action to soften, as far as possible, the asperities of the war. I have extended this so far as even to place spies in our midst upon their parole, instead of proceeding against them according to the strict rules of war. If, however, your suggested question refers to my proposed future action, as a just retaliation for the oppressive and unconstitutional action of the Legislature, there is some reason in your inquiry. On the principle of retaliation, I would before this time have been justified in adopting the most stringent course in reference to those who, at the cost of civil liberty, have attempted to make Kentucky the instrument of subjugating her own citizens. But I have considered that the holy cause which, in common, I believe, with a large majority of the people of Kentucky, I advocate, does not require for its support the destruction of individual liberty, much less, sir, does it require that a citizen who, like yourself, has been a distinguished servant of the public, should be torn from your friends and your family, and buried in a political dungeon. I do not propose to imitate the impotent cruelties contemplated by the Legislature in support of their unjust and unconstitutional acts. As for yourself, sir, you are free to enter, or to leave my lines at your pleasure. I have had no purpose of molesting you, but will cheerfully accord you every protection which I would give to any citizen. The terms on which you can remain I leave entirely to your own sense of honor.
Your obedient servant,
S. B. Buckner, Brig. Gen'l.