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From Kentucky.

Gen. Anderson's Successor — who is he?--Accidental Death of Col. Lyon--Ogilvie Byren Young — Skirmish near Green River — Defiant Attitude of the Lincolnite — News from the interior, &c., &c.

Bowling Green, (Ky.,) Oct. 13, 1861.
That General Anderson has been superseded in the command of the Department of Kentucky, there can be no doubt; as to who is his successor, however, statements vary — some say General Sherman, others General McCook. The New York Herald, of the 4th instant, noticing Anderson's removal, says that "owing to some alleged differences which have arisen upon points of military etiquette between General Anderson and General Mitchell, is appears that General McCook, of Ohio, has recently laid before the President and Cabinet a statement of the case, and a request that a new commander be appointed to the Department of Kentucky.

Gen. Anderson is said to be in bad health, and the proposition of Gen. McCook received the approbation of both Gen. Anderson and Gen. Mitchell. The result has been the appointment of Gen. McCook to the Department of Kentucky, and it is understood that the Kentuckians in Washington are highly pleased at this arrangement. Prominent Kentuckians regard the sending of Anderson to this State as having been intended merely as a softening wedge with which to make an opening for a more decided and vigorous rule, which is now to be inaugurated. Sherman and McCook are both of Bull Run fame, the former better known as having, been connected with ‘"Sherman's battery,"’ which, enpassant, is said to have fallen into the hands of the Confederates. McCook was in command of a brigade in the same engagement, and is probably a better military man than Sherman.

An unfortunate, and, especially at this time, much to be regretted accident, resulting in the death of Colonel Richard Lyon, of the Sixth Arkansas Regiment, occurred last Friday morning. Colonel Lyon had been sent to Tennessee river for the purpose of superintending some work to be accomplished there, and in the exercise of his duties met with his death by a mere mishap. In company with another gentleman he proceeded on horse back several miles from Paris in the direction of the river; both mistook the road, however, and Colonel Lyon being in advance, rode over a bluff some fifty feet in height, breaking his leg and neck by the fall. Col. Lyon was, I understand, a native of Virginia, but for a number of years has resided in Camden, Arkansas, where he leaves a wife and two daughters. He served with distinction in the Florida war, since which time he has been engaged in the practice of law in his adopted State, where he gained an extensive reputation as one of the first members of the profession. His remains will be taken to Arkansas for interment.

Strolling through town this morning, I met with a rara avis being no less a personage than ex Hon. Ogilvie Byron Young, who, together with a number of like k, occupy a prominent position in the second story of an odorous, but not very sumptuously furnished apartment, better known here as the Guard-House. Young you will remember to have figured largely at the commencement of the present political troubles, having been arrested at Cincinnati on a charge of treason, upon which he was tried and acquitted. Immediately after his release he emigrated to Kentucky, where he has since remained, and unfortunately now is.

Several days since he was detected near Green river, and captured by our pickets as a spy. He was dressed at the time of his arrest in a Confederate uniform, with one star on the coat collar — the insignia of a second lieutenant; he represented himself as belonging to the Virginia State Guard, and at the time of his arrest was on his way South. Young is a middle- aged man, and in stature is full six feet high, with a form well proportioned, a broad forehead, and a restless blue eye. Since entering the political arena he has played second fiddle for the pot-house politicians of all parties, and has earned no other reputation than a semi-fool and arrant rascal. The charge against him will be fully sustained upon his trial, which is to take place in a few days.

Yesterday morning a company of seventy-five men, under command of Capt. John Morgan, crossed Green river on a scouting expedition. The company advanced about twelve miles beyond the river, when they fell upon an estimated force of seven hundred Lincoln's, and, nothing daunted, gave them fight. In the skirmish seven Federals are known to have been killed, while but one Southron was slightly wounded by a spent ball. At last accounts Morgan's men had not returned. No fears, however, are entertained for their safety, as the road between the Federals and Green river is entirely clear of enemies. The Federals of late have become quite defiant. Their pickets heretofore have been thrown out only a short distance from their encampment at Muldraugh's hill, but within a few days Rousseau's men have been seen in within close proximity of Gen. Buckner's lines.

Lincoln's reply when called upon for more men, that ‘"The Union men of Kentucky must fight their own battles,"’ has had a salutary effect upon the more sensible portion of the residents of this State.

Dr. L. W. Green, President of Center Col. lege, at Danville, and others, charge that Lincoln has betrayed Union men by inducing them to come out in his support, and then refuses to arm or aid them. On the other hand, most of the leading Union men charge the Home Guards with acting infamously in going over or giving up their guns to the Confederates, or when this is not the case, they refuse to fight or give their guns to men who will.

A gentleman direct from Greensburg, reports that place occupied by 1,600 Federals, under Gen. Ward. They have no cannon, but are well supplied with small arms.

It is reported that camp Dick Robinson is dreadfully afflicted with the measles and smallpox; numbers of the men have been sent off — some to check Zollicoffer, others to Harrodsburg and Lexington, and others in the direction of Green and Casey counties to cut off Southern rights men who might be seeking Gen. buckner's camp.

Passengers from Columbus report that place as quiet, nothing having occurred to disturb the harmony of camp since the late visit of gun-boats from Cairo.

The above is taken from the Nashville Union and American.

Federal atrocities.

The Bowling Green Courier, of the 15th, contains the following:

‘ We are reliably advised that the Federal troops of Rousseau's command have been committing the vilest atrocities in Hardin county, stealing horses and provisions, and seizing the negroes and property of men with Southern sympathies, and destroying what they cannot use or take with them. These acts are, as might be naturally supposed, exciting the people intensely, and the retaliation will yet be bitter and terrible. The following, which we copy from the Louisville Journal, is their own version of what they are doing.

The destruction of Green River bridge.

We regret to learn that the fine iron railroad bridge over Green river was blown up and destroyed on Sunday night last. This was done through total misconception of orders, the destruction of the bridge being neither necessary nor desired. It had been mined, it seems, with a view to its destruction should such a step become necessary through any of the vicissitudes of war; but the mines could have been removed at any time without the slightest injury to the bridge, and it was earnestly and sincerely hoped that it would not become necessary to use them. But the officer to whom was entrusted the guardianship of the bridge, totally misunderstanding the orders and directions given for the guidance of his conduct, rashly and unfortunately applied the match to the train, and two spans of the beautiful and substantial structure were blown into the air. The cost of repairing the injury thus ignorantly, stupidly, and unnecessarily done will be inconsiderable; but it will take much time, and time is more than money. Any movement forward that may have been contemplated by our forces will, we suppose, necessarily be delayed by this inexcusable blunder. We have not met a man who does not express the deepest regret at this loss.

Arrest of prisoners.

A dispatch to the Cincinnati Commercial says that a detachment of the Forty ninth Ohio regiment, Col. Gibson, consisting of 22 privates, under command of Major Drake, have returned to Muldraugh's hill from a scouting expedition, with 22 Secession prisoners. Three of them were brothers, and they had taken an oath never to be captured by the Federal troops alive; one had taken the oath of allegiance, and under the guise of a Unionist had been admitted to the Federal camp, and thence carried intelligence of our strength to the rebel camp, Nine of the number were taken together while threshing wheat, among them the three brothers. They offered no resistance. Major Drake is to be commended for the skillful manner in which he conducted the enterprise.

Thus, according to their own authority, nine Kentuckians, while attending to their own business and hard at work in their wheat-field, were, for no crime but simply because they were for Kentucky and the South, arrested by Abolition soldiers from the North, hurried away from their families and their homes, and, like common felons, incarcerated in prison. ‘"They offered no resistance,"’ of course; and yet, Major Drake is to be ‘ "commended"’ for his bravery and skill in capturing a few unarmed and peaceable citizens.

The Capture of New Orleans by the Louisville Journal.

The Howling Green Courier says:

‘ We are indebted to a friend for a copy of the Louisville Journal and of the 9th inst., brought to this city by Mr. T. B. Franklin, a refugee from Kentucky. We gather from them the items of information below:

The Occupation of New Orleans.--We have heard vague rumors for several days that New Orleans had been occupied by the Federal troops. Intelligence was received in this city last evening, by way of Nashville, which leads us to believe that the rumor has its foundation in fact. One report, in which we place confidence, says that the Federal forces took possession of the city on the 5th inst., without firing a gun. It is said that the fleet, after the desertion of Ship Island by the rebels, passed Mississippi city, Biloxi, and Pas Christian, which were evacuated, and made an easy conquest of the city. It was found that the incomplete fortifications at Bay St. Louis had been abandoned by the rebels, and, the city surrendered on the 5th inst., in compliance with the formal demand of the commander of the Federal forces.

The above statement is the substance of a dispatch said to have been published in the Nashville papers of the 6th inst.--Louisville Journal.

The Journal is rather fast. It will be dumb founded when it hears what is really the news from New Orleans.

General items.

We have received copies of the Louisville Journal, of the 10th and 11th, from which we take the following series of short items:

‘ We learn from the Flemming (Ky.) Star that several arrests for complicity with traitors (aiding the rebellion) were made at Mount Carmel, Flemming county, and on Tuesday eleven men, in order to avoid arrest, fled to the mountains.

The Sandy Valley Advocate, of Thursday last, says that a rencontre occurred, on the 30th, at Grayson, between a party of Secessionists who were attempting to join the camp in Pike county and the Home Guard. The Home Guard successfully resisted them, killing two and taking some seven or eight prisoners.

The Cincinnati Gazette says the Home Guard companies of Covington have pretty generally responded to the call for the four months service, and several members of the organization went up the Covington and Lexington railroad on Tuesday.

Two Indiana Regiments arrived in the city yesterday, the 29th, Colonel Miller, and the 30th, Colonel Bass. Four companies of the 6th Indiana regiment arrived by the City of Madison, from Madison, Indiana, last evening. The 16th Ohio, Captain Dickey, also arrived last evening.

The Hon. Laban T. Moore, Col. Wm. Vinson, and Col. L. J. Hampton, are actively engaged in raising regiments in the upper counties of the Ninth Congressional District of Kentucky. They are meeting with decided success, and the Sandy Valley Advocate pledges the mountains for her full quota of troops.

Camp Crittenden, the rendezvous of Col. Harlan's regiment, presents already a very busy scene. A gentleman who returned from the camp last night brings us a cheering account of matters there. Enlistment, we are assured, is going forward briskly, and the regiment is filling with uncommon rapidity. Five companies, partly filled, are now in camp, commanded respectively by Capt. Davidson, of Louisville; Capts. Palmer, Wharton, and Riley, of Washington, and Capt. Hilpt, of Marion. A company, under Capt. Milburn, was expected to rendezvous yesterday, and another is expected to-day.

The Hon. John J. Crittenden passed through Lexington on Thursday on his way to the mountains. The object of his visit will be to arouse the gallant mountaineers to take service in the Federal army.

George P. Webster, Esq., arrived in Covington on Wednesday from Frankfort, with authority from the Military Board to raise a regiment to serve in the State.

Captain Standard's battery, 1st Ohio artillery, which has been quartered in Cincinnati since Sunday evening, left for Kentucky Wednesday morning. The Commercial says that Captain Kinney's battery would also leave for Kentucky yesterday morning.

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