Southern War News.Expected battle in Kentucky--the Federal winter blockade--Rev. Drs. Plumer and Converse--Gen. Walker's expedition to the Potomac — Incidents, &c.
From the latest exchanges from the South received at this office, we make up the following summary:
Expected battle in Kentucky.The Nashville Gazette says: ‘ Army movements very clearly indicate the probability of an early and perhaps extensive engagement between the Federal and Confederate forces at some point on the Louisville and Nashville road, between the towns of Bowling Green and Elizabethtown. Already have collisions occurred between the outposts of the two belligerents, a circumstance of itself portending the shock of battle. The struggle is imminent, but we indulge no fears as to its issue. The fullest confidence in the skill of our commanders, in the valor of our troops, and in the justice of our cause, leaves us no room to apprehend that the victory will not be ours. ’
A rumor from Mississippi sound.It was reported in the city, says the Mobile Advertiser of the 12th, that the enemy had made an attack on Pass Christian, and occupied the place after cannonading and shelling it. The rumor ran that they came over from Ship Island, in launches and flats, in strong force. All this is said to have occurred yesterday. The report of it is stated to have come in ‘"broken doses"’ by the telegraph line, from the Hannsboro' Station, at which point it was said the great cannonading at the Pass was distinctly heavy for some hours. The truth of these things could not be well ascertained, as communication by the Mobile and New Orleans line was cut off. It was reported that the operators discovered that a strange hand was tinkering with the instruments at Pass Christian last evening — supposed to be an amateur operator who came with the Lincoln bombarders.
The Federal winter blockade.The Wilmington Journal observes that to keep a force on the Atlantic and Gulf coasts during the winter, the Federals must have possession of some harbor or harbors south of Cape Hatteras, say Beaufort harbor in North Carolina, or Port Royal harbor in South Carolina, and either Brunswick, Georgia, or Fernandina, Florida. Their only chance on the Gulf is Key West, but in certain states of the wind neither that nor the Tortuga is safe, and the last named is deficient in water. It they try to get into Pensacola or Mobile the effort will be costly. Without a harbor of refuge in nearly three thousand miles of dangerous coast, a winter blockade could hardly be kept up.
Stranding of the Ship Thomas Watson.This incident of the blockade has been announced briefly by telegraph. The Charleston Courier says that the ship was of Mobile, Ala., from Liverpool for Charleston. She was loaded with a cargo of 3,200 sacks of salt, and had successfully got inside the blockading fleet, but did not make the bar. Her officers and crew took to the boats and arrived safely at Stone Inlet. Her crew will, no doubt, reach this city at an early moment, and we await further information from her with anxiety, as she will probably be burned or taken in possession by the Lincoln fleet.
Richmond, says: ‘ The list of our religious weeklies embraces also the Christian Observer, edited by the Rev. Dr. Converse. This noble old man, at the time of the John Brown raid, was one of the very few Northern men who took our side fully and unequivocally. Nor was he driven from his stand when our present troubles burst forth. Rather than relinquish his convictions, he abandoned house and home, property and friends, all that he held dear. Many years ago he resided in this city. In 1837 he was accused by Mr. Plumer of being an abolitionist, and with such virulence that he was driven to Philadelphia. Now, Plumer holds a snug professorship in an abolition college in Pennsylvania, and Dr. Converse is an exile and a wanderer for upholding the Southern cause! This simple fact should plead eloquently for him — aged, despoiled, and harmless as he is. ’
Gen. Walker's expedition to the Potomac.We are permitted to make the following extract from a letter of recent date, written from Fairfax: ‘ "General Walker was ordered, with three regiments of infantry, a battery of artillery, and one company of cavalry, to march to three different points on the Potomac, make a display and try to burn, with hot shot, a large warehouse, on the Maryland side, used as a barrack for a large number of the enemy. We marched from here Sunday morning and reached the Potomac in the afternoon. At two o'clock next morning we placed the battery of six pieces rifled cannon in position on an eminence overlooking the house we were to fire at, which was nearly a mile off. We then waited very patiently until daylight; but much to our disgust, when day dawned it was accompanied by such a dense fog that it was impossible to see twenty yards distant. Mind you, all this time the enemy did not dream we were any where in the neighborhood. "About an hour after sunrise the fog cleared a day, and revealed to us several hundred of the enemy on drill. The sight was grand, the beautiful Potomac flowing several hundred feet below us; on our side the cannoneers all standing at their guns, the gunner with lighted torch, silent and determined; on the opposite shore the enemy on drill, their bayonets gleaming in the sun. The next minute the captain of the battery, in a stern voice, gave the command, 'Battery, fire!' and the six pieces vomited forth their leaden missiles, whereupon, instead of returning our fire, the enemy immediately broke ranks and ran in the utmost confusion, up a hill, where they were concealed from our view by a dense growth of woods, from which they fired at us several rifle shots, without effect. You never saw such scampering in your life; it was truly laughable. We fired 156 shot at the house, and struck it a great number of times; 24 red hot shot went to the mark, and twice we set it on fire slightly, but the fire went out.--We distinctly saw them carry off two dead; how many more were killed, we do not know. We then marched to another point about five miles distant, when they fired several rifle shell at us, but again without effect. "On Tuesday morning we reached our camp at this place, having marched 58 miles, and displayed ourselves at three different points on the Potomac, so rapidly as to mislead the enemy and make them think there were three separate columns. All this in two days; pretty quick work, was it not? It was merely a feint movement we were ordered to execute." ’
The Utter Annihilation of the Union.Mr. Breckinridge, in his recent address, (an interesting portion of which we published on yesterday,) says: ‘ The United States no longer exists. The Union is dissolved. For a time, after the withdrawal of the Southern States, and while there was a hope the rupture might be healed, it might be assumed that the Union was not yet dissolved, and such was the position of Kentucky in declaring her neutrality and offering her mediation between the contending parties. But time has now elapsed, and mighty events have occurred which banish from the minds of reasonable men all expectation of restoring the Union. Coercion has been tried and has failed. The South has mustered in the field nearly as many combatants as the North, and has been far more victorious. The fields of Manassas and Bethel, of Springfield and Lexington, have worked with a terrible and sanguinary line the division between the old order of things and the new. ’
Kentucky items.We take the following items from the Bowling Green Courier: ‘ All confirm reports from Louisville and other points, that apathy towards the Federal cause prevails among the people. Judge Fry, formerly county Judge of Boyle county, and a cousin of the Messrs. Speed at Louisville, lately made two speeches in Danville for recruits. At the end of the second speech, one fellow approached Judge Fry, and said he would follow him to the cannon's mouth, whereupon, being stupidly drunk, he was recruited. Having sobered up, he deserted the next morning, and is now supposed to be in the Confederate service. One of our informants states there were about six hundred men (reported) at Greensburg under General Ward, well armed, having one brass cannon. General Ward sent word to General Buckner to look out, that he was coming to take him. General Zollicoffer had reached London, in Laurel county, before our informant left Danville, which was on Saturday, and was advancing. The people of Madison county had met in Richmond, their county seat, and subscribed four hundred beeves for General Zollicoffer's army, and offered to find them for ninety days. Madison county is nearly unanimous for the South, and the enthusiasm is great. Cassius M. Clay's residence is in that county. ’
Interesting correspondence.The following interesting correspondence has recently transpired between Mrs. A. Meade Goodwin, of Greenville, Va. and General Beauregard:
G. T. Beauregard, Mrs. A. M. G., of Greenwood, Hicksford Post-Office, Greenville co., Va.