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Affairs in Kentucky.

--It no longer amiss of doubt that the enemy intend to make Kentucky henceforth the battle-ground of the present struggle. He is concentrating a large force at Lexington, in the heart of the State, with a view, it is thought, to making an advance upon Cumberland Gap and our great back-bone line of railroad connection with the Southwestern States. He is concentrating another large body of men at Louisville, and preparing for a push upon Nashville with an immense army. Thirty thousand troops are already in rendezvous about Louisville, and a very considerable number of men are assembled about Lexington. Besides these main camps, numerous smaller once dot the State. There are twenty-five hundred men at the mouth of the Big Sandy River, on the Virginia line, and a thousand more at Louisa, fifty miles above, at the junction of the Tug Fork and the Louisa rivers. At Muldraugh's hill is a considerable camp, and still other forces are in front of General Zollicoffer in the Southeast, and Generals Harder and Polk in the west.--The forces collecting at Louisville, Lexington, and on the Big Sandy, are from North of the Ohio. Those nearer our own forces are chiefly native Kentuckians.

Delighted at the prospect of having the aid of such brave men and good soldiers as those of Kentucky to help them fight their battles, the Yankees are giving much attention to their cause in that quarter, and are lavish of arms, munitions, and men, in strengthening themselves there. The Southern Confederacy, strategically considered, is more vulnerable from Kentucky than from any other quarter; and this advantage, united with that of enlisting Kentuckians under their banners, has made Kentucky the most attractive and popular theatre of the war in the eyes of the North They know very well, too, that the regiments which they recruit in the Northwest are vastly superior in prowess and courage to those raised in the Eastern and Middle States; and it is much more politic to precipitate those Northwestern regiments in vast bodies upon Kentucky, than to send them far West into Missouri or Kansas, or as far East as Washington and the Potomac.

The Southern cause, on the other hand, is embarrassed in Kentucky by the political position of that State. Gen. Johnston, as we see by his recent proclamation to the Kentucky people, holds a defensive attitude, and does not feel at liberty to take such decided and aggressive steps to confront and resist the enemy as he would do if Kentucky were a member of the Southern Confederacy. Of all the States, Kentucky is the one in which the enemy is concentrating his largest forces and assuming the most offensive and formidable attitudes; and yet it is in Kentucky in which the hands of the confederacy are tied most tightly, and where we are least at liberty to resist and counteract the aggressive measures of the enemy.

The pride of the Kentucky people is such that we cannot hope for their rallying under the banners of the Confederate Generals in any very great numbers. Four-fifths of the fighting men in Kentucky, on a question of sympathy between the North and South, are Southern men; and yet they have, by the adroitness of the submission leaders in that State, become so committed to the Union as against Secession, that the greatest pains will have to be taken, now that the question has really become one of mere North and South, to prevent them from fighting for what they may still consider the Union cause. They cannot be brought right by the appeals of the Confederate Generals or authorities. They can be rallied to their own section only by their own native citizens, to whom they have been in the habit of looking up in the past contests of parties. Mr. Breckinridge, Mr. Powell, Governor Magoffin, Colonel Marshall, Colonel Wm. Preston, General Buckner, Colonel Hawkins, Mr. Stevenson, Mr. Burnett, Dr. Peyton, and men of that character, can bring Kentucky into line with the South, if allowed to conduct the work in their own way; but it cannot be done from the outside.

Meantime, large forces ought to be rendezvoused along the Southern and Eastern borders of Kentucky. Confederate Government, with a view marching in, and holding such positions as are of military importance when necessary; and with the further view of being ready to meet the enemy in any force, and of forming rallying points for true Kentuckians who may have to come out of hostile neighborhoods in the State to join the Southern banners. We understand that the mission of Messrs. Breckinridge, Preston, and Marshall, to Richmond, is in reference to these important affairs.

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William Preston (2)
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