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Latest from Washington.

We make up the subjoined summary of news from the Washington Star, of Friday evening last:


The enemy retiring from the lower Potomac.

Alexandria, Va., Oct. 18, 1 P. M.
--From information derived from country people near here, it is believed to-day that yesterday afternoon and last night all the Secession troops posted between Alexandria and Fairfax Court-House, at Annandale and on the Ravenswood estate, were drawn in to somewhere back of Fairfax.


Changing their force in front of us.

Yesterday, thorough scouting in front of our lines over the river developed the fact that Beauregard has withdrawn all his camps as far back as Fairfax Court-House, which is now his extreme front. That is to say, those that were not long since at Vienna and Flint Hill.

Gen. Wadsworth, in the evening, escorted by a company of cavalry and one of infantry, after receiving the reports of his scouts, proceeded to within a mile of Fairfax Court-House. From his position there he saw three or four regiments of the enemy (one of cavalry) being drawn up in line, apparently under the impression that his (W. s) reconnoitering party was the advance of a more considerable force.

The facts of these changes of the positions of Beauregard's force lately camped nearest our lines confirms the impression that the main body of the enemy is being concentrated on an extension of their late front from Fairfax Court-House to Aquia Creek, to be in position to meet a flank movement against their batteries on our part, which they anticipate.

This forenoon, citizens of the territory between the two armies report preparations being apparently made by the enemy to evacuate the Court-House. Our belief is that they are simply getting ready to bounce out of it in case Gen. McClellan shortly concludes to pay them a visit there in force; designing to keep what troops they have at that point sick there, until another forward movement of McClellan may threaten them, as his latest movement compelled the evacuation of Falls Church and Vienna.


Leesburg Evacuated by the enemy.

As we go to press to-day accounts reach the Star office of the evacuation of Leesburg by the enemy. Some days since we took occasion to explain that such a step on Beauregard and Johnston's part would sooner or later become a military necessity, in view of Gen. McClellan's evident preparation for a general advance. With McC.'s advance located at Lewinsville and Minor's hill, Leesburg was clearly untenable by the enemy.

A telegram from Gen. Stone's headquarters reached here last night, saying that our scouts had reported the enemy packing up in Leesburg at 4½ P. M. yesterday.

Another received this forenoon conveys information that citizens from between the two armies represent that in the course of last night all the troops that were at Leesburg took their departure thence, going by a road leading a little north of west, as though proceeding to the Manassas railroad at the nearest point. As yet this account has not been verified, though we regard its truth as being exceedingly probable.


Doubtful.

The New York Times and Tribune are trying to persuade themselves that the main body of Beauregard's army has already retired back of Manassas, and is now engaged in fortifying the line of the Rappahannock river from the vicinity of Fredericksburg to the immediate base of the Blue Ridge, near Fauquier White Sulphur Springs. If this were so, with its right resting on the Potomac at Aquia Creek and Evansport, its front would stretch about fifty miles. That fact shows the notion of those papers is ridiculous.

Here it is well known that Manassas Junction continues to be the enemy's base in this quarter. The probability that their effort to block the navigation of the Potomac may superinduce the landing of a considerable Union force below to smoke the rebels out of their threatening batteries, has doubtless been provided against as far as possible by concentrating a heavy body of troops on the lower portion of the Manassas line. We do not believe that they have now much force either north or east of Fairfax Court-House, their last concentration being south and west of that point to meet the posisble result of their river-blockading game. That is from the Court-House to Evansport and Aquia Creek, with but little more than a guard from the Court-House through Flint Hill, Vienna, and Leesburg, to the Potomac near the Point of Rocks.


Destroying the Roads again.

Scouting between Fairfax Court-House and Vienna yesterday disclosed the fact that Beauregard has again broken up the roads between those points, as before McDowell's advance to Bull Run. He has also obstructed them in the direction of Leesburg. All these obstructions are, however, unimportant.


Dr. Boyle.

Our former fellow-citizen, Dr. Cornelius Boyle, remains (or did remain up to the 1st) Provost Marshal at Manassas Junction, with the rank of Major in the army of the State of Virginia.


Col. Kerrigan.

This New York city officer, who has been under arrest for some time past, was to day brought over the river, under a guard, to be placed in charge of Provost Marshal Brig. Gen. Porter. He is charged last with generating insubordination.


The situation down the river.

Three tugs and one steamer went down from the Navy-Yard last night. Two of the tugs passed the batteries without being fired on. The steamboat would not make the attempt, and the other tug ran into a propeller coming up, and disabled her. The tugs that had passed the batteries then towed back two loaded vessels coming up, which were fired at, but not struck.

Counter batteries on the Maryland shore seem to be needed, as well as a force of pickets and guards to apprehend those on the Maryland side who are engaged in signaling the enemy as our vessels appear in sight.--Also to prevent the passage of the river at night, near the batteries, in small boats, to communicate with the enemy.


Vessels arriving up — firing from the Confederate batteries.

There are at the Navy-Yard this morning the following vessels, which came up the Potomac last night: The Government steamer Cœur-de-Lion, which towed up the Government sloop Granite; (these vessels passed the batteries at 1:30 A. M., and were not fired on.) The tug Murray, which towed up to Georgetown the schooner John Forsyth, with hay for the Government, and the tug Pusey, which also towed to Georgetown a large schooner loaded with hay for the Government; (these tugs were in company, and about twenty shots were fired at them as they passed the batteries in the darkness, but neither the tugs nor schooners were struck.) Besides these vessels, the following are known to have passed the batteries, all without injury, and some of them are now here: The steamer City of Richmond, Capt. Kelly, with powder and other Government stores; the side-wheel steamer Columbia, from Baltimore; a large wood schooner, one or two other schooners, and several smaller vessels with oysters and river produce.

The Cœur-de-Lion spoke the Pawnee in the Chesapeake bay bound down. The Pawnee was not at all disabled by the shots she received.

A great many vessels are still at Smith's Point, waiting a chance to get up. Among these are the steamer Annie B. Hays, with 5,000 bushels of potatoes for the troops, the schooner Chamberlain, the schooner Kate Callaban, with coal, and the schooner Mary Miller, with lumber for the Quartermaster's Department.

The Wyandank and Alger have left the yard with stores. The Mount Vernon went down last evening, but Captain Mitchell deemed it prudent to return to Indian Head without passing the batteries. The Harriet Lane left the yard this morning at seven o'clock.

The new battery at Timber Branch mounts four guns.

The Yankee has on board a large-sized rifled shell, which was fired from the battery at Budd's Ferry, (between Evansport and Shipping Point.) It went through a barn on the Maryland shore, and penetrated several feet into a bank of earth.


Horses, mules, hay, and oats.

About twenty-five thousand horses and three thousand mules have been received by the Quartermaster in Washington since the commencement of the war. On Wednesday there were on hand twelve hundred wagons and one hundred and thirty-three ambulances, a portion of these being in use and the rest ready for immediate service. On the same day there were ten thousand one hundred and forty-four horses and twenty-seven mules in use, or kept as spare. For the last three weeks the forage-master has received one hundred and fifty tons of hay and eight thousand bushels of oats per week. The issue has been very near the same.


Steamer Hugh Jenkins disabled.

The tug Robert Leslie, which left the Washington Navy-Yard on Thursday night, ran into the steamer Hugh Jenkins, bound down, near Mount Vernon. The Hugh Jenkins was struck about ten feet from the bow, and was completely disabled. She had on board a troops of cavalry, with the horses.--She was immediately run into shoal water, on a soft bottom, and the Leslie came up to the yard for a scow to take the horses off. Fortunately no one was injured.


Government army supplies.

The National Intelligencer says the following shows the amount of subsistence stores on hand in the Government warehouses on the 12th of the present month:

‘ Pork, 3,000 barrels; beef, 6,000 barrels; beef tongues, 200 barrels; bacon, 300,000 pounds; hams, 50,000 pounds; flour. 11,000 barrels; hard bread, 3,000,000 pounds; beans, 4,000 bushels; rice, 1,000 pounds; hominy, 10,000 pounds; riced barley, 20,000 pounds; green coffee, 20,000 pounds; ground coffee, 40,000 pounds; tea, 1,000 pounds; sugar, 2,000,000 pounds; vinegar, 70,000 gallons; candles, 40,000 pounds; soap, 200,000 pounds; salt, 40,000 bushels; desiccated potatoes, 2,000 pounds; desiccated mixed vegetables, 17,000 pounds; pickles, 278 kegs; dried apples, 50,000 pounds; split peas, 4,000 bushels; molasses, 6,000 gallons; potatoes, 4,000 bushels.

’ The following shows the prices paid by the Government for the specified articles:

Pork $19 per barrel, beef $15 per barrel, beef tongues $16 per barrel, bacon 10 cents per lb., hams 12 cents per pound, flour $7.50 per bbl., hard bread 4 cents per pound, beans $2 per bushel, rice 7 cents per pound, hominy 2½ cents per pound, riced barley 4½ cents per pound, ground coffee 20 cents per pound, green coffee 14 cents per pound, tea 50 cents per pound, sugar 8½ cents per pound, vinegar 12½ cents per gallon, candles 26 cents per pound, soap 6 cents per pound, salt 5 cents per pound, desiccated potatoes 11 cents per pound, desiccated mixed vegetables 24 cents per pound, pickles $3.75 per keg, dried apples 5 ½ cents per pound, split peas $2 per bushel, molasses 32 cents per gallon, potatoes 60 cents per bushel.

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