Beauregard's report of the battle of Manassas reorganization of the army of the Potomac.
The forces of which General Johnston
is the Commander-in-Chief
, have been reorganization.
They have hitherto been known as the arrival Shenandoah
As a constitution, the Department of Northern Virginia has now been created which compass the armies of the "Potomac," the "Valley" and the "Aquia." The first is under the command of Gen. Beauregard
--the second under the command of Gen. Jackson
, known as "Stone Wall Jackson
" and the last under the command of Gen.Holmes
, Gen. Johnston
of course remains Commander in Chief
of the whole. "The army of the Potomac," under Gen. Beauregard
is apportioned into four divisions, which are commanded respectively by Master General Earl Van
, Gustards W. South, Longstreet
and Kirby Smith
To say how many brigades are contained in each division would be to furnish an approximation of the strength of Gen. Beauregard
's force, and in this might be useful to the enemy, it is perfect to elicit it. I may state, however, that Gen. Van
commands all the Calvary in the army, as a part of his division; the Hampton Legion
is also attached to the division commanded by that General.
The troops are to be brigaded according to the State
origin, and placed under command of Brigadiers likewise selected from the States where the troops belong, as far as practicable.
have long felt the necessity of placing the forces in a higher state of organization, which has thus been happily accomplished.
The changes with no doubt give satisfaction to the whole army as well as to the citizens of the different State.
I have been favored with a brief synopsis of position of General Beauregard
's report of the battle of Manassas
, which has been forwarded to the War Department, and which will doubtless be published in a short time.
opens with a statement this position antecedent to the battle, and of the plan proposed by him to the Government junction
of the armies of Shenandoah
and Potomac, with a view to the relief of Maryland
and the capture of the city of Washington
, which plan was rejected by the President Gen.
B. states that he telegraphed the War Department on the13th July of the contemplated attack of Gen. McDowell
, urgently asking for a junction of General Johnston
's forces with his own, and continued to make urgent request for the same until the 17th July, when the President
consented to order then Johnston
to his assistance.
goes on to state that his plan of battle assigned to General Johnston
an attack on the enemy on the left at or near Centreville
while he himself would command in front; but the condition of the roads presented this.
It was then decided to recase
the attack of the enemy behind Bull Run
After the engagement at Blackburn's Ford, on the 18th Gen. Beauregard
was convinced Gen. McDowell
's principal demonstration would be made on our left wing, and then formed the plan of throwing forward a sufficient force by converging roads to attack the enemy's reserves at Centreville
, so soon as the main body of the latter became inextricably engaged on the left.
Late in the day, finding that Gen. Ewell
, who was posted on the extreme right of our line, had not moved forward in accordance with the programme and the special order which had been sent to him, Gen.
B. dispatched a courier to Gen. Ewell
to inquire the reason why the latter had failed to advance, and received a reply from Gen.
E., stating he had not received any such order.
The enemy's attack having then become too strong, on the left, to warrant carrying out the original plan, as I would take three hours for Gen. Ewell
't brigade to reach Centreville
, it became necessary to alter the plan, change front on the left and bring up our reserves to that part of the field.
This movement was superintended in person by Gen. Johnston
, Gen. Beauregard
remaining to direct the movements in front.
At the time when General Kirby Smith
and General Early
came up with their divisions and appeared on the right of the enemy, our forces on the left occupied the cord of the arc of a circle, of which the are itself was occupied by the enemy — the extreme of their likes flanking ours.
The appearance of Smith
's and Parly
's brigades, and their charge on the enemy's right, broke the line of the latter and threw them into confusion, when shortly afterwards the rout became complete.
highly compliments General — then Colonel
, (commanding a brigade)--and now the hero of Leesburg
— for the extraordinary military aptitude and great gallantry he displayed in his movement from Stone Bridge
, to Sudley's Ford after receiving the enemy's first onset at Stone Bridge
. General Evans
had only about one thousand men, but divining at the enemy's movement was a concentric one, and that his columns had gone through the woods to the left, and would attempt to cross at Sudley's Ford, he left at Stone Bridge
four hundred men, and filing off towards the ford at Sudley
's, with 600 men kept the enemy at bay there for nearly an hour, although in force several thousand strong.
settles forever the various questions so much disputed respecting this battle.
He acknowledges the great generosity of General Johnston
, in fully according to him (Gen.
B.) the right to carry out the plans he had formed with relation to this campaign, in yielding the command of the field after examining and cordially approving the plan of battle, and in the effective cooperation which General Johnston
so chivalrously extended to him on that eventful day.
He remarks that the retreat of our forces from Fairfax
, immediately previous to the engagement of the 18th, is the first instance on record of volunteers retiring before an engagement and with the object of giving battle in another position.
The numbers under his command on 18th July are set down at 17,000 effective men, and on 21st, to 27,000, which includes 6,200 of Johnston
's army, and 1,700 brought up by General Holmes
The killed on our side in this ever-memorable battle are stated in the report to have been in number 393, and the wounded 1,200.
The enemy's killed, wounded, and prisoners are estimated by Gen. Beauregard
at 4,500, which does not include the missing.
The report is rather lengthy, and is accompanied by another from Gen. Johnston
, giving an account of the movements of his army at Winchester
and march to Manassas
, also by the reports of brigade commanders.
It will be seen that the hero of Fort Sumter
can write as well as he can fight — that he wields the pen of a Cæsar as well as the sword of a Wellington.
In modesty and bravery he exemplifies the highest type of a true soldier, and has earned undying fame.--The graceful tribute he pays to his brave troops is well merited, and will endear him more and more to men who are proud to rally under his standard.
It is none the least of Beauregard
's merits that he was willing to encounter an army so much larger and so much better appointed than his own, and that he entertained the most unfaltering confidence in troops which were as worthy of their chivalric Commander
as he was to lead so noble, so brave, and so high minded an army.
The victory of General Evans
, at Leesburg
, has added new lustre to our arms.
All honor to the unconquerable spirit of the Mississippi
troops, whose achievement has infused new spirit into our legions, who pant as if held in leash, to administer to McClellan
as complete a repulse as was given to his predecessor, McDowell
When the clash comes they will make memorable once more the now classic banks of Bull Run
A. M. G.