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Latest Northern news.
special Express.

an important reconnaissance--Lord Lyons's Instructions to British Consuls in the rebel States--reported rebellion in Western Virginia.

Through the medium of our special agent we are enabled to lay before our readers this morning news from the North of the very latest dates which have reached this city.--The sources from which we copy being tinctured with Lincolnism, allowance should be made for much that is extracted from them. The following are the associated dispatches to the Northern press:

From Washington.
an important reconnaissance.

Washington, Oct. 19.
--Gen. McCall, with the Pennsylvania Reserve Corps, together with a body of cavalry and artillery, left Prospect Hill early this morning on a reconnaissance. Information received to- night states that they had reached Drainsville, about ten miles from Prospect Hill, without opposition. Drainsville is within about fifteen miles of Leesburg.

Official advices from Europe--Lord Lyons's Instructions to British Consuls in the Southern States.

Washington, Oct. 20.
--Those who are affected with weak nerves will probably be relieved by the fact which was ascertained at the State Department yesterday, that the advices received by the mails of the Arabia are more than usually satisfactory, but there is great activity in schemes for the violation of the blockade and the introduction of contraband goods.

Lord Lyons has addressed a brief circular to Her Majesty's Consuls in the Southern States, enclosing the following, as embodied in the official note of Secretary Seward, viz.: "The law of blockade, which does not permit a vessel in a blockaded port to take on board cargo after the commencement of the blockade, will be expected to be strictly observed by all vessels blockaded by the naval forces of the United States." Lord Lyons instructs these Consuls to take this law for their guidance.

Obstruction of the Potomac by rebels — capture of a schooner loaded with hay.

Washington, Oct. 19.
--Persons attached to the steam-tug Resolute report that about eleven o'clock this morning, while off Occoquan river, near Budd's Point, the cable by which the Resolute was towing the schooner Fairfax, from Philadelphia, broke, when the letter drifted toward the shore, and the rebels, in boats, started out and captured her. The Resolute was, it is added, fired at from the battery in that vicinity, but being unable to render assistance, made her way to Washington, where she arrived this evening. The Fairfax was heavily laden with hay. It is reported that the rebels had stretched a chain over the river to impede the passage of vessels, and that the Resolute, being of lighter draft than the Fairfax, passed over it.

The navigation of the Potomac not Seriously Obstructed.

Washington, Oct. 20.
--The report from the steam-tug Resolute, mentioned in a previous dispatch, that the rebels have stretched a chain across the Potomac near Budd's Point, proves untrue, as has been ascertained by careful inquiry in reliable quarters.

Since last Tuesday, when the rebel batteries first regularly opened, about fifty vessels have reached Washington and Georgetown. The schooner loaded with hay, cement and furniture, which yesterday fell into the hands of the rebels, is the first disaster of that kind on the river, and is alone owing to the breaking of the hawser by which it was fastened to the Resolute, thus allowing it to drift towards the Virginia shore. The other vessel in tow arrived here safely with the Resolute, notwithstanding the attack from the batteries upon them.

The steam-tug Murray also came up last night with a tow of two schooners. They all escaped unhurt, though fired upon. The Murray returned the compliment.

Telegraphic communication with great Salt Lake.

Washington, October 20.
--On the opening of the telegraph to Great Salt Lake City, the following dispatches were exchanged:

"Great Salt Lake city.

"To the President of the United States:
"Utah, whose citizens strenuously resist all imputations of disloyalty, congratulates the President upon the completion of an enterprise which spans the continent, unites the Oceans, and connects remote extremities of the body politic with the great Government's heart. May the whole system speedily thrill with the quickened pulsations of that heart; the parricidal hand of political treason be punished, and the entire sisterhood of States join hands in glad reunion around the national firesides.

Frank Fuller,
"Acting Governor of Utah."

The following is the reply:

--The completion of the telegraph to Great Salt Lake City is auspicious of the stability and union of the Republic. The Government reciprocates your congratulations.

Abraham Lincoln."
"To Frank Fuller, Acting Gov. of Utah."

Permits for the transportation of Merchandize.

Washington, Oct. 20.
--It is represented by several officers of customs that permits have been given by unauthorized persons in Northern cities, including municipal officials, for the transportation of goods destined for localities in or continuous to the disloyal States. As the power to grant permits in such cases is solely vested in the President and Secretary of the Treasury, those from other sources are consequently worthless. In all cases where permits are necessary, application must be made to the Secretary of the Treasury, with a full statement of all the facts.

Visit of the Secretary of State, with the Ministers of France, England, and Spain, to the South-side of the Potomac.

Washington, Oct. 19.
--The Secretary of State, accompanied by the Ministers of England, France, and Spain, had a pleasant excursion over the river yesterday, visiting the camps and fortifications. They afterwards attended the review at Arlington, passed by Munson's Hill, and returned at a late hour by way of the Long Bridge.

Reconnaissance across the Potomac.

Washington, Oct. 19.
--A reconnoisance went yesterday toward Occoquan and has returned, taking the telegraph road as far as Accotank Creek.

Parties were also sent to Accotank and Pohick, and on a road leading up the Accotank Creek. This latter party met the rebel pickets, who immediately fell back and gave the alarm.

The long roll was immediately beaten at their camps across the creek. From information received there are no rebels between the telegraph and the river this side of Occoquan, and but few at the latter place.

More Reconnoitering across the Potomac.

Washington, Oct. 20.
--This morning a heavy detachment from Gen. Smith's division, with portions of Nutt's and Ayres's batteries, and companies from the 5th regiment of regular cavalry, and Col. Friedman's Philadelphia cavalry, advanced towards Fairfax Court-House on a reconnaissance.

They went as far as Flint hill, which is two miles and a half this side of that village, and overlooks it. They saw there the enemy's pickets in such large force as to impress them with the belief that the reserve of the rebel army was not far from that point. The expedition was accompanied by Gen'ls McClellan, Porter, Smith and Hancock. It probably returned about nightfall.

A private of the Fifth Cavalry Regiment, named Bryson Barton, was shot by a rebel picket.

The latest accounts represent Gen. McCall as still at Drainsville.

Ordered to a more important field.

Washington, Oct. 19.
--Gen. Stevens having been ordered to a more important field of duty, he will be followed by the Highland regiment which he recently commanded as Colonel. A New York and two Pennsylvania regiments are alternately on picket duty at Vienna, where the Highlanders have been similarly employed.

Secretary Seward's circular.

Washington, Oct. 19.
--Surprise is expressed here at the misconstruction attempted to be put upon Secretary Seward's circular by alarmists. The circular shows that our relations abroad are in good condition, and that the Government means to keep them so. The nation six months ago became exposed to dangers within and without. The Administration has taken adequate measures to put them right within, and now turns its attention to putting them right without. It asks the co- operation of the loyal States in the latter as in the former.

Obstructions of the lower Potomac by the Confederate batteries.

Washington, Oct. 19.
--Three tug-boats, the Posey, Robert Leslie, and another, name not given, went down the river last night to give assistance to any vessels coming up; but inconsequence of the bright moonlight, and afterwards of the thick fog, they were ordered not to attempt to pass the batteries.

It is thought no vessels passed the rebel batteries up or down last night.

Firing was heard from the batteries about midnight, but the cause is unknown. There are indications that the rebels are erecting prominent batteries at Cockpit Point and at Freestone Point. Considerable bodies of rebels were seen hard at work at these points yesterday.

Twenty-six vessels are known to have run the batteries night before last.

It is believed that vessels drawing not more than eight feet of water can hug the Mary-

land shore sufficiently to escape harm from the rebel batteries.

The only steamers now at the Navy-Yard are the Dawn, Hetzell, Anacosta, and Cœur de Lion.

From the Upper Potomac.

Washington, Oct. 19.
--The only advices received at headquarters from the Upper Potomac is a very brief dispatch sent by the operator at Sandy Hetz. last night, saying the rebels were about burning Bolivar, in the rear of Harper's Ferry.

Remonstrance against the purchase of army Clothing in Europe.

Boston, Oct. 19.
--The Board of Trade and Committee of the Associated Banks have presented to the Government a remonstrance against the purchase of army clothing in England, and it is rumored that the Government has countermanded the order, by telegraph, to Halifax or Cape Race, at which latter point the Niagara calls to-night.

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