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Speculations of Washington correspondents.

From the Washington correspondents of the Baltimore sun, we gather the following;

European Powers and the Confederates.

"lon," the long and well known special correspondent of the Baltimore Sun says:

‘ The sensitiveness of capital and commerce has beeen greatly excited by the occurrences of the last week. It is now apprehended that there is more reason for the belief entertained by the Confederate States that they will be recognized by foreign powers than has been supposed. Would they have sent such embassies as they have now done to Europe without some assurance against the mortification of non reception?

’ The reported conferences between the Governments of England and France in regard to American affairs, may have resulted in an invitation to the Confederate Government to present propositions for recognition, free trade and protection Powers that have allied themselves for avowed intervention in Mexico would not scruple to interfere in our affair also, it their interest promoted by it, Resided, this country n like importance to England and France that the disturbances in this country should cease,

Some of the New York journals deprecate a war with England or France, pronounce that the United States cannot afford it, and, therefore, propose that it be avoided by quiet submission to their demands; others again second Mr. Seward's recommendation for timely preparation. The Executive Government has, in fact, and avowedly, had an eye in these warlike preparations the last six months, to dangers from abroad as well as at home.

As the danger does not admit of much delay, it is proposed by some to defend New York city by lines of earthworks across Long Island, and also at other points, by the aid of which the militia may repel an attack by land, while the forts and water batteries guard the entrance to the harbor from ships of war. If anything is really to be done for the defence of eastern ports and harbors, it should be done before next spring, for by that time, if at all, foreign intervention may be expected.

Character of the correspondence between Mr. Seward and Lord Lyons.

"Aga," another correspondent of the sun, writes from Washington as follows:

‘ It is understood in diplomatic quarters that a sharp correspondence is going on between Mr. Seward and the British Minister, touching blockades, the arrest of Her Majesty's subjects, etc., and what has been published of such correspondence is but an instalment to apprise our people of the likelihood of serious differences between the two countries. Those who are acquainted with the communication of the British Government to the authorities of the revolutionary States of South America, say positively that Lord Lyons's letter to Mr. Seward is precisely of the same domineering and offensive stamp as the former.

’ The best opinion here acquits Lord Lyons of the authorship of what is offensive in his lester, but it is fully believed that Earl Russell dictated its terms or expressions Such a curt letter was never before addressed to the American Government, and the moderation of Mr. Seward's reply its accounted for upon the supposition that the British people will not approve of the act of their Minister for Foreign Affairs. Under the circumstances, it is no longer a matter of surprise that Mr. Seward issued his recent circular to Governors of loyal States, touching seaboard and other frontier defences.

Now that the navigation of the Potomac is barred by the Confederate batteries, even the parties that have hitherto scouted he idea of danger in that way experience both inconvenience and mortification.

Navigation of the Potomac--seven case of hydrophobia.

The following is taken from the Washington correspondence of the Baltimore Sun. writing over the signature of "Ura."

The risks at present attending the navigation of the Potomac from the Confederate batteries along its shores interferes to such an extent just now with that otherwise reliable channel of transport, floating as it does upon its bosom so numerous a class of vessels, that some apprehension is beginning to be entertained by citizens in reference to supplies for the winter. Food for the horses and mules (of which there are 80,000 attached to the Federal army) is not abundant, and it is difficult to keep up the requisite supply for such a vast number of animals. Hay is the great desideratum, and How brings from $1 to $1,25 per hundred pounds.

The militia of the District of Columbia, in view of the times, is beginning to show itself on parade. Under the law requiring it, the parades of the 39 and 4th regiments were held by Cols Bright and Smith on the 17th inst., on their respective regimental grounds and marched to the eastern Capitol Grounds, forming the 2d brigade, under command of Brig. Gen. Hickey by whom it was reviewed. The 1st regiment of the District militia also has orders to parade on the 11th of November. Its chief officers are Col. Bacon and Lt. Col. English Latterly, instruction of officers of different regiments has taken place at the Columbian Armory, under Brigade Major and Inspector Mares. Our best resident citizens are expected to appear in these organizations.

The increase of the mail matter to this city, since the accumulation of the soldiery here is stated at more than two hundred fold.--The estimated number of letters received and assorted for the quarter ending Sept. 30, 1861. is 3,640,000, and about the same number sent away. The receipts from unpaid letters received amount to $1,890,25; from the sale of postage stamps, $25,272,89; from newspapers, $795,78 making a total of $27,869,89. Amount paid into the Treasury during the quarter, $16,540; exhibiting an over any previous quarter of $14,000.

There is a case of hydrophobia now in the city, the victim being a Mr. Schoeffler, on 4th street, who was bitten in one arm by a rabid dog, on the 29th of August. About five hours after being bitten, he called on Dr. A. J. Borland, who laid the wounds bare and cauterized the paris, by which method the discharges were kept. up for four days. The wounds then heated up, but a week or two since Mr. S. was taken with all the horrible symptoms peculiar to the disease. Drs. Hall and May have been called in to assist Dr. Borland, but there is little hope of caring the patient, as there are spasms and nothing at the month.

Several far banks have been broken up here by the Provost Marshal, and another one on Pennsylvania avenue was closed on Friday night.

At Alexandria, Va. there is some little, but a very little, waking up from the dull and deserted appearance of things since war's desolation came upon the place. There is some trade by canal, and considerable coal from Cumberland, but the corn exchange is still quiet. So far as politics are concerned the movements that are seen are all one way. An election for member of Congress is to be held on Thursday next, in accordance with a proclamation of Gov. Pierpont for a general election throughout the State, S. Furguson Beach, Esq. is expected to be the man. A meeting of the Union men is to be held on Tuesday, also, to nominate for county and city officers, which were declared vacant by the Wheeling Convention. The Alexandria Union Association now numbers about 340 members. Secesh, of course, lays low. The Mansion Hotel has re-opened.

The military court at Alexandria has fined R. R. Snyder, of that city, $500, and ordered him to give $5,000 bond to keep the peace, for assaulting, with intent to kill, Thos Dwyer. The affair grew out of a dispute, in which Snyder charged Dwyer with fighting against Virginia, and against a people who had supported him.

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