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From Fortress Monroe.

The subjoined telegraphic correspondence from Fortress Monroe will give our readers some information with regard to affairs at that place:

One of the fleet returns disabled — Preparing for the Confederate steamer Merrimack, &c.

Fortress Monroe, October 31.
--The brig Ethan Allen, of the great expedition, returned to Hampton Roads, this morning, in consequence of rough weather on the coast below. She brings no particulars of importance respecting the expedition.

The barks Gemshock and Amanda have just returned from a cruise.

The latter took four prizes, including three English vessels and one American, the names of which have been furnished.

The Re-cue is at Old Point, and will go to see at office.

The frigate Roanoke is hourly expected from the south.

General Wool held a grand review yesterday as Camp Hamlison.

The shelling of the Southern expedition has nearly cleared the Boards, and left us to think of and attend to something else.

As soon as the Roads were cleared, the Minnesota moved down to her old anchorage, out of the range of the guns of the Fortress, preparatory to giving the Merriman a proper reception should she attempt to come out of Norfolk, a report says she intends to do on the very first favorable night. It is unequably true that Com. Goldsporough is in possession of information which leads him to make this preparation, and thus induces corresponding watchfulness on the part of the Fortress. It is said that, should the rebel frigate, or iron-clad battery, attempt to pass out, the Minnesota will not hesitate to lay close alongside of her and board her at all hazards. How many, in such a case, would ever ascend alive to the decks, may readily be conjectured. In undertaking the enterprise. the rebels have no doubt fully estimated the hazards and resolved to take them all. It would be disgrace to our Navy should the rebels succeed. It, therefore, becomes a matter of course on our part that the attempt will be resisted to the desperate end. The great gun, Union, has been turned so as to face the channel which a ship, after rounding Sewell's Point, must take; and there the great iron monster, with a 450 pound shot in his throat, stands day and night, keeping sleepless watch Com. Goldsborough appears willing, with the co-operation of the Fortress, to rely on his noble frigate alone.

Although Gen. Wool was not in any manner officially informed of the expedition, its character, objects, destination, or even of its presence in the Roads, for the week it lay here, nearly or quite as much was imposed on him concerning it, that it might finally get off, as though he was responsible for its conception, managements and results. To say the least, this has been a peculiar feature. It would be useless, if not hurtful, now to detail the many particulars in which the expedition, like a foundling, was thrown on the hands, of Gen. Wool, who officially was kept as much in the dark concerning it as the outside world.

During its stay here it was re-supplied with ammunition, and at the last moment re-provisioned from this department, more as an act of mercy and courtesy, inspired with a wish to do everything possible to give success to an expedition from which very much was expected, but which promised so little in its early stages.

Where the ponderous machinery pinched, and what really was the cause of the delay and mismanagement that boded so much ill, I have heard no two persons agree. How much longer the delay would have been, had not General Wool, in the most energetic manner, fairly kicked it in end, and fairly out of the harbor, it is difficult to say, if with the final sailing, we have seen the last of the blunders and dissensions, all may yet be well with this nevertheless grand pedition.

Within the last few weeks, Gen. Wool's forces, though he has twice reinforced Gen.. McClellan, on the Potomac, have been increased, so that we now have a force quite as great as at any period since the war commenced; and yet, to enable him to undertake aggressive operations, he must have more men, and especially more artillery.

The drill and discipline of the troops are thorough and rigid, and if it is possible to make good soldiers of the men, the fact is in process of ascertainment.

A correspondent of the New York Times writing under date of "Fortress Monroe, Oct. 31, says:

Gen. Mansfield is in command of the brigade at Camp Hamilton, while Gen. Phelps holds the same position at Newport News. The latter position is one of continual interest, owing to its proximity to the rebels, who keep up a continual watchfulness over our movements. Indeed, it would seem that the time had come when it was necessary to sally out and drive the rebels back, or what would be better, bring them further into our lines. where, as prisoners, they would have a much easier and much better fed campaign. Our men are ready to undertake it; it only remains for the General to give the word.

Nothing has been heard of the Yorktown since her appearance near Newport News, about a month since, when Captain Murray, of the Louisiana, put a couple of shots through her, and Lieut. Loder, of the shore battery, ‘"peppered"’ her sharply. The Congress and Cumberland are still there.

The Minnesota and two or three gunboats constitute the naval force at Old Point at present.

There will be a flag of truce to Norfolk tomorrow for the first time in three weeks. A large number of persons, principally ladies, are waiting in Baltimore to take passage. It is not the intention of Gen. Wool to resume the flags with the frequency they passed previous to the late suspension, and I understand that passes which have been so liberally issued by the Lieutenant General and Secretary of State will hereafter be given but sparingly.

There is no room for doubt that the rebels avail themselves extensively of these opportunities for communicating valuable information. In spite of the searching scrutiny with which baggage is searched--nine-tenths of the passengers being women — letters have without doubt been smuggled through.

The search has not unfrequently detected letters secreted in curious places, and, in one instance, a letter was found on an infant hidden in the very last place where a man would probably look. The necessity for female examination is obvious, and it is not unlikely that if ladies are permitted to go at all they will be subjected to a scrutiny that will remove all doubts on the smuggling question.

The old ship Brandywine, with her masts out and cut down, arrived here last evening, in tow of the McClellan, as a store ship, deeply laden and drawing 24 feet water. Her cargo, wholly of supplies for the Navy, is of immense value.

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