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The Beaufort District of South Carolina--interesting statistics as Union arguments.
[from the New York Herald. Nov. 12.]

The Beaufort District or county, of South Carolina, now in the occupation of our land and naval forces is literally swarmed with negroes. According to the census of 1850, which is not materially varied in this case by the returns of 1860, the population of this district was as follows:

Total white Population5,947
free Colored572
Total free Population6,529
slaves32,279

this will give us an average in numbers of five slaves for every white inhabitant of the District, so that no better point than this District could be selected at this crisis for a trial of the temper of this vital cotton State institution of slavery.

the agricultural returns of the census from this District embrace the following very interesting statistics and the reader will bear it in mind that the whole District or county is flat and swampy, and made up almost entirely of sea islands, separated from each other by a very remarkable network of inlets, estuaries and bayons.

Beaufort (S. C.) District.

farms842
acres improved239,289
acres unimproved697,460
value, improvements, &c.$5,601,350
horses, asses, and mules5,026
Neat Cattle48,373
Sheep16,823
Swine37,455
Wheat, bushels raised,2,455
Rye and oats29,913
Indian corn492,871
Irish and sweet potatoes485,209
Peas and beans76,353
Buckwheat
Butter and cheese, pounds83,421
Hay, tons17
Cane, sugar, pounds20,000
Molasses, gallons6,221
rice, pounds47,230,082
cotton ginned, bales per lbs. Each12,672
Wool pound24,730
Beeswax and honey7,975
animals slaughtered, value$121,317
produce of market guarders200
or hard produce2,185
wine, gallons300

Manufactories.

Capital employed$63,500
Hands employed75
Produce$30,030
Produced in families10,690

Reduced to an analysis, these are exceedingly interesting statistics. First we find this district of Beaufort divided into farms or in other words, the whole district is divided among land-owners, allowing an average of nearly acres of improved land, forty negroes, and only six horses, mules, and to each farm, all told. This will give as an idea of the vast amount of labor performed by the negroes with the the spade, and the shovel; and men it must be remembered that cut up as the district is with island, boats discharge to a great extent the duties performed elsewhere by horses, and mules.

In the matter of pork and bacon an allowance of one hog to each inhabitant will perhaps do. The great each productions of the county are rise, cotton, (sea island,) and Indian corn. At the present price of sea island cotton in England, the crop of Beaufort district may be put down at two million five hundred thousand dollars; and at six cents a pound we may set down its rice crop at the same figure, and at a dollar a bushel, its Indian corn crop at half a million; making an aggregate product from these three staples of $5,500,000.

Now, with our land and naval forces in occupation of this district, a splendid market will at once be opened for all this vast surplus in corn, rice, and cotton of this Beaufort district upon the simple test of allegiance of these Beaufort planters. If they manifest their loyalty to the Union they will be paid for their produce, and such prices as they have never been paid heretofore, and they will be supplied in exchange with many necessary article of which they are surely in need. Above all, they will be protected in the enjoyment of their slave property, and 32,000 slaves are equal to the respectable item of sixteen million of dollars. On the other hand, if these Beaufort planters adhere to the rebel cause, they must be treated as rebels, and they must run the risk of the confiscation of their beautiful rice, their lovely cotton, and their desirable Indian corn, to say nothing of their 32,000 fat and negroes.

Thus, the reader will appreciate the importance of our armed occupation of this Beaufort district from the powerful Union arguments which it will bring to bear upon the planters there. They have from twenty to thirty millions of moveable property at stake, and the integrity of their institution of slavery. Will they sacrifice their cotton, corn, rice, and negroes, in behalf of the popular cause of this suicidal rebellion, or will they return to the Union, and be protected, enriched and secured against the grinding despotism of Jeff. Davis? An interesting question, which we hope will be solved in a general Southern reaction for the Union, beginning at Beaufort.

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