The Beaufort District of South Carolina--interesting statistics as Union arguments.
[from the New York Herald. Nov. 12.]
The Beaufort District or county, of South Carolina
, now in the occupation of our land and naval forces is literally swarmed with negroes.
According to the census of 1850, which is not materially varied in this case by the returns of 1860, the population of this district was as follows:
|Total white Population||5,947|
|Total free Population||6,529|
this will give us an average in numbers of five slaves for every white inhabitant of the District
, so that no better point than this District could be selected at this crisis for a trial of the temper of this vital cotton State institution of slavery.
the agricultural returns of the census from this District embrace the following very interesting statistics and the reader will bear it in mind that the whole District or county is flat and swampy, and made up almost entirely of sea islands, separated from each other by a very remarkable network of inlets, estuaries and bayons.
Beaufort (S. C.) District.
|value, improvements, &c.||$5,601,350|
|horses, asses, and mules||5,026|
|Wheat, bushels raised,||2,455|
|Rye and oats||29,913|
|Irish and sweet potatoes||485,209|
|Peas and beans||76,353|
|Butter and cheese, pounds||83,421|
|Cane, sugar, pounds||20,000|
|cotton ginned, bales per lbs. Each||12,672|
|Beeswax and honey||7,975|
|animals slaughtered, value||$121,317|
|produce of market guarders||200|
|or hard produce||2,185|
|Produced in families||10,690|
Reduced to an analysis, these are exceedingly interesting statistics.
First we find this district of Beaufort divided into farms or in other words, the whole district is divided among land-owners, allowing an average of nearly acres of improved land, forty negroes, and only six horses, mules, and to each farm, all told.
This will give as an idea of the vast amount of labor performed by the negroes with the the spade, and the shovel; and men it must be remembered that cut up as the district is with island, boats discharge to a great extent the duties performed elsewhere by horses, and mules.
In the matter of pork and bacon an allowance of one hog to each inhabitant will perhaps do. The great each productions of the county are rise, cotton, (sea island,) and Indian corn.
At the present price of sea island cotton in England
, the crop of Beaufort district may be put down at two million five hundred thousand dollars; and at six cents a pound we may set down its rice crop at the same figure, and at a dollar a bushel, its Indian corn crop at half a million; making an aggregate product from these three staples of $5,500,000.
Now, with our land and naval forces in occupation of this district, a splendid market will at once be opened for all this vast surplus in corn, rice, and cotton of this Beaufort district upon the simple test of allegiance of these Beaufort
If they manifest their loyalty to the Union
they will be paid for their produce, and such prices as they have never been paid heretofore, and they will be supplied in exchange with many necessary article of which they are surely in need.
Above all, they will be protected in the enjoyment of their slave property, and 32,000 slaves are equal to the respectable item of sixteen million of dollars.
On the other hand, if these Beaufort
planters adhere to the rebel cause, they must be treated as rebels, and they must run the risk of the confiscation of their beautiful rice, their lovely cotton, and their desirable Indian corn, to say nothing of their 32,000 fat and negroes.
Thus, the reader will appreciate the importance of our armed occupation of this Beaufort district from the powerful Union arguments which it will bring to bear upon the planters there.
They have from twenty to thirty millions of moveable property at stake, and the integrity of their institution of slavery.
Will they sacrifice their cotton, corn, rice, and negroes, in behalf of the popular cause of this suicidal rebellion, or will they return to the Union
, and be protected, enriched and secured against the grinding despotism of Jeff. Davis
An interesting question, which we hope will be solved in a general Southern reaction for the Union
, beginning at Beaufort