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Latest Northern news.

the capture of Commissioners Mason and Sildell--particulars of the arrest of Senator Gwin and others from California--the privateer Sumter, &c.

We are in possession of Northern papers of very late dates. Below we give a short summary:

Particulars of the arrest of Commissioners Mason and Slidell--resistance offered.

The New York Herald, of the 18th inst., has the following in relation to the arrest of our Commissioners on the Royal Mail steamship Trent:

‘ The United States frigate San Jacinto, Capt. Wilkes, arrived at Fortress Monroe on Friday afternoon last, having on board the rebel Commissioners, Slidell and Mason. They were taken from the British Mail steamer Trent, on the 8th inst., off Bermuda. Lieut. Fairfax and 35 armed men went from the San Jacin to with five officers, who boarded the steamer and picked out the Commissioners. They are now en route for Fort Lafayette.

The Stoppage of the Trent.

The Captain of the San Jacinto, on his own responsibility, pursued the Trent and stopped her in the Bahama Channel. It appears that the vessel was brought to in the usual manner, by the firing of a ball across her bow, as a signal to heave to. The Captain of the Trent at once stopped his vessel on her course, and allowed the two boats to come alongside, and the officers to ascend to the decks of the steamer.

A demand was then made for the surrender of the two principal rebels, and their secretaries, but their families and friends were allowed to proceed on their way in peace. Some show of resistance was made by the prisoners, who refused to surrender unless force was used. This the officer in charge said he would resort to, unless they yielded quietly, and the rebels deeming discretion the better part of valor, at once, without further trouble, surrendered and were taken on board the San Jacinto. The Trent then proceeded on her way to Europe, with the families and friends of the prisoners. The whole capture was made without the firing of a shot more than the one used to bring the vessel to.--Lieut. D. McN. Fairfax is a native of Virginia; also, Captain Taylor, who took the news of their capture to Washington.--Neither of these brave men have any sympathy with the detestable rebels.

The Fortress Monroe correspondent of the Herald learns from an intelligent gentleman, who arrived from Norfolk by flag of truce of the 15th, that nothing but anarchy prevails, and the whole populace has to bow to Roger A. Pryor, Col. Milligan, and other drunken officers; their troops are half clothed, &c.

Important Arrests on Board a California steamer — release of Senator Gwin on parole.

From the New York Herald, of the 18th instant, we take the following detailed account of the arrest of Senator Gwin and others from California:

‘ By the Pacific mail steamer, which arrived here early yesterday morning, we received intelligence of the arrest of Dr. Gwin, late U. S. Senator from California, and two other gentlemen, on suspicion of being aiders and abettors of Secession. The arrest was made on board the steamer Uncle Sam, and great excitement was created in Panama as well as on board the vessel.

It appears that Dr. W. M. Gwin, Calhoun Benham, and J. Brent, of California, were on board, and being of known Secession principles, their baggage was searched, and papers found compromising them with the rebels--Gen. Sumner, who was a passenger on board, at once issued an order for their arrest by the troops under his command.

As there was not time to land the passengers by that morning's tide, they could not be sent over until the afternoon, and mean while the report of the arrest of the gentlemen got currency on shore.

Some friends of Dr. Gwin, who were in Panama at the time, applied to the Governor to annul the arrests, on the ground that they were made in the waters of New Granada, and that a foreign Government had no right to transport political prisoners over the territory.

Gen. Herran, who is an intimate friend of Dr. Gwin's, also used his influence in his behalf, and the result was that the Governor issued an order prohibiting the conveyance of the prisoners across the Isthmus, and a large force of soldiers was sent to the station to release them as soon as they landed.

Eventually matters were brought to a crisis. The United States Consul went on board the Uncle Sam, and it was settled that the prisoners should be allowed to cross the Isthmus as such, and the question of future arrests was referred to Washington.

In connection with this matter it will be interesting to know, that a day or two ago Superintendent Kennedy, of the Metropolitan Police, received a dispatch informing him that Ex-Senator Gwin, and Calhoun Benham, of California, were passengers on board the steamer Champion, and that they would need watching. He communicated with the Government, and was instructed not to arrest the men, but to see what were the intentions of the supposed secessionists.

The police officers boarded the Champion yesterday morning, and learned that Dr. Gwin, Calhoun Benham, and J. L. Brent, the latter of whom is said to have been actively engaged in the secession movement in Southern California, had already been placed under arrest by General Sumner, who was on board the ship. They reported the fact to the Superintendent.

Mr. Kennedy then called on General Sumner, and ascertained what our correspondents fully state, that soon after the ship sailed from San Francisco he had placed these three men under arrest on board, because he believed that they were connected with the Secessionists, and were coming to New York for the purpose of proceeding as rebel agents to Europe.

When they arrived at Panama some of the passengers represented to the Panama officials that three passengers were held under arrest by General Sumner, and asked for the interference of the authorities to procure their release. The Governor of New Granada accordingly sent to the General and informed him that in the existing treaty between the United States and New Granada no extradition clause existed, and that consequently he had no right to allow the transit of prisoners across the Isthmus.

The General is reported to have said that he had no time to read the treaty, but that he would examine the matter when he arrived in the States with the prisoners.

As Senator Gwin and associates were already held by General Sumner, the Superintendent declined to interfere in the matter, and Messrs. Gwin, Benham, and Brent have been released upon their parole of honor that they will not attempt to leave the country, without permission of the Government.--Mean while the Government has been notified of their arrival in the city. Messrs. Gwin and Benham are stopping at the New York Hotel.

There are very few additional particulars to be obtained among the passengers of the steamer Champion in regard to the circumstances which led to the arrest of Senator Gwin. The statements made by many of them are very contradictory, some stating that they had seen him, or one of his associates throw books and papers overboard; while others say it is entirely false. Some of them, however, state that they did not hear him make use of any treasonable language during the voyage.

The privateer Sumter.

Foreign files received at New York, by the Edinburg, furnish the following with regard to the privateer Sumter:

‘ The British brig Spartan, Capt. McCulloch, arrived at St. Thomas on the 11th inst., from Rio Janeiro. Capt. McCulloch reported, that on the 5th inst. he fell in with the Sumter, and that her 1st Lieutenant visited him for the purpose of obtaining whatever information the Captain might possess regarding American affairs. Captain McCulloch states that the Lieutenant behaved in the most courteous manner, and, while anxious to gather all the information he could, showed every disposition to be most reserved in all things related to the movements of his own vessel.

A vessel from St. Georges, whence it brought news to October 9th, states that the Iroquois, in search of the privateer Sumter, had called at St. George's, and, after coaling and watering, sailed for Trinidad.

The fight at Guyandotte, Va.

In the recent raid on Guyandotte, Major Whaley, the member of Congress from Wayne county, was captured. Colonel Jenkins, who led the rebels, captured three hundred Enfield and State guns, about sixty of the Union soldiers, and some horses, Major Whaley was recruiting a regiment, and but recently made Guyandotte his headquarters.

Cotton and Rice.

The New York Herald says:

‘ It is probable that the cotton (sea Island) and rice (first quality) of the rebels at Beaufort district, South Carolina, which will fall into the possession of the Government by confiscation, will pay the expenses of our great naval expedition. This is carrying the war home to South Carolina to some purpose. The effect, we think, will be excellent; for in saddling the burthens of this rebellion upon the rebels themselves, they will all the sooner be brought to realize the fact that their Southern Confederacy can never be made to pay. Cotton and rice are good things; and if the of rebel masters will come into camp, they can be usefully employed in bringing in the cotton and rice.

Further from Europe — the American expedition — negotiations between France and Austria, &c.

Halifax, Nov. 14.
--The steamer Niagara arrived at Halifax at 4 o'clock this morning, with Liverpool advices of the 2d inst.

The Paris correspondent of the Independence Belge professes to have reliable information that the Mexican expedition has ulterior objects, and that if the ‘"Southern Confederacy holds its own till January, France and England will recognize it, and break the blockade"’ This statement however, is pronounced in England to be utterly untrue.

It is reiterated that France has opened negotiations with Austria for the cession of Venetia, and that the Duke of Magenta has been entrusted with the mission to Vienna.

French troops have occupied the valley of Dappen, and the Swiss Government has sent a commissioner to the spot, and resolved to protect and demand satisfaction for the violation of Swiss territory.

The frigate La Guerrienne had received final instructions to sail for Mexico on the 6th of November.

Private cotton circulars report a decline on the week of ½ to ¼.

No more Saltpeter and gunpowder to be Exported.

Boston, Nov. 15.
--The Collector of this port has received instructions from Washington to stop the exportation of saltpetre and gunpowder.

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