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Progress of affairs at the South

From our latest Southern exchanges we make up the following summary of news:

Lincoln's Cruisers in the rule — full particulars of the capture of the "Anna"--experience of the Baltic — probable capture of the Jeff. Davis or P. C. Wallis.

We have recently published a telegraph of the capture of a steamer, supposed to be the Jeff. Davis or Wallis, plying in the lake trade between Mobile and New Orleans, by one of Lincoln's gun-boats. The Haltic, Capt. J. M. Walker, has arrived at Mobile from Pascagoula, confirming this report, and bringing some highly interesting intelligence. The following graphic statement of Mr. R. B. Flolley, clerk of the Baltic, we take from the Mobile Evening News:

Steamer Baltic, off Pascagoula, November 28, 1861.
The steamer Baltic, Capt. Walker, left Mobile this morning at 9 ½ o'clock for New Orleans; arrived at Grant's Pass at 6 o'clock, where we met the steamer Grey Cloud: inquired on board if the Sound was clear; they said they thought so, as they had passed through the day before and had met with no obstruction. We proceeded on from Grant's Pass until 9 ½ o'clk, when, abreast of Round Island, we espied one of Lincoln's gun-boats — the New London — endeavoring to head us off and capture us. We immediately changed our course and steered for Pascagoula, where we arrived at 11 A. M. On our arrival at Pascagoula we found the wharf crowded with people, who rushed aboard and congratulated us on our good sense in turning back — there by escaping an oath or the bastile. They said that they had been watching us with beating hearts for some time, fearing that we would continue our course under the guns of the New London, which would end in our capture. I had a long and interesting conversation with several gentlemen of Pascagoula, passengers and crew of the unfortunate steamer Anna, from whom we received the following information:

The steamer Anna, with passengers and a cargo of 900 barrels rosin and turpentine, left Pascagoula for New Orleans last Thursday night, and was captured early Friday morning by the gun-boat New London. A prize crew was immediately put on board with orders to steer for ship Island. The original crew and passengers were ordered to report on board the New London, where they remained until daylight. They were then transferred to the steamer Massachusetts--One negro alone remained on board of the Anna; he was the the engineer, and worked the engines until the boat arrived at Ship Island, where she discharged her cargo of osl and turpentine. The Anna was not burned, but still remains at Ship Island.

On Monday morning last the Commander of the Massachusetts ordered the crew and passengers to form a circle on deck. He told them that he should keep two of the crew — the captain and mate; the rest, he said, should remain on board and go to New York, or take an oath not to bear arms against the United States, or to work on any fortifications in the Confederate States, or to assist in any manner, shape, or form against the United States during the present state of affairs. They, glad enough to get out of the clutches of the Lincolnites, willingly took the oath and were furnished with a small schooner, ("one of the Massachusetts former prizes, the crew of which enlisted in the Federal service, with a promise that, after the war was over and the South subjugated, they would furnish them with a large, fine schooner," ) with which they arrived with safety at home.

One of the lieutenants in searching the Anna's cabin, found a Confederate flag, which he hoisted on the Anna's jackstan, Union down. He then remarked that it was a very pretty flag; but "that one," said he, pointing to the Stars and Stripes, that waved over our flag, "is much the largest."

He said that he knew all the booth that plied across the lake, and verified his statement by calling them by name. He said he was very anxious to capture the California, as she had plenty of good victuals on board.

One of the Anna's crew asked an officer how long he thought this war would last. He replied not long, for in less than twenty days they would have possession of the whole Gulf coast, including Pensacola, Mobile, and New Orleans. [Why don't the braggarts come?] He said the lake boats were doing a hue business in the sugar and molasses trade, and that he fat ended to capture a cargo of it in a few days. He has kept his word, as a steamboat, supported to be the Jeff. Davis or P. C. Warlis, was captured this morning by the gun-boat New London, and taken to Ship Island. The idea in sending the mate and captain of the Anna to New York is for them to act as witnesses to prove that the Anna is not sea worthy to proceed to Key West or a Northern port.

At one o'clock to-day a schooner hove in sight off Deer Island, and seemed to be beating to the westward. The New London, then cruising about Horn Island, soon espied her and started in pursuit. The schooner, instead of trying to avoid the gun-boat, seemed to steer for her, as if they wanted to deliver themselves up. The New London fired several shot across the schooner, which then hove-to and surrendered. The last seen of them the gun-boat had the schooner in tow and under full headway towards Ship Island.

Met the steamer Robert Watson at Grant's Pass. We left Pascagoula at three o'clock and arrived at Mobile at half past 8 Thursday evening.

R. B. Holly, Clerk.

Arrest of a Yankee woman near Feliciana, Kentucky.

From a letter in the Memphis Appeal, dated "Camp Beauregard, Feliciana, Kentucky, November 25," we take the following paragraph:

Yesterday a lady just from Paducah was arrested near our camp and upon her person was found a large package of letters, written to our boys by their friends at home. They had been intercepted somewhere in transit, and had no doubt either been, or were intended to be, taken to Paducah. This fact plainly shows that Lincoln has emissaries fingering our mail. The woman had a plentiful supply of the Louisville Journal upon her person for distribution. Upon this head I may remark that Abolition papers and documents by the ton are regularly sent into Kentucky and distributed among all classes, especially the unsuspecting.

Boasting of Abolition success.

The following congratulatory statement, made by the Leavenworth (Kansas) Times: evidences the secret feelings that prompt the Abolition Government to wage war upon the South:

Thirty-eight negroes arrived in Leavenworth on Sunday, having been freed by Jennison, and a greater number went to Lawrence. Millions of dollars' worth of this kind of property are now running about in Kansas. Leavenworth is crowded with them, and Lawrence has a larger number. Theoretical Abolitionism has ceased and practical abolition is at work. The doctrines of Messrs. Lane, Jennison &Co. are being carried on to the letter. The green prairies of Kansas are assuming an ebony hue. Rebels' negroes are taken without the formality of writings, while receipts pass for the Union man's slaves. From every point our armies touch, copious streams of these dark-visaged strangers upon us, and fair Kansas is flooded with Africa's chivalrous sons and lovely daughters. One cannot pass the streets without hearing the gentle patting of the tiny-footed fugitive, or snuff the pregnant zephyrs without inhaling the incense of their fragrant bodies.

A Rich Haul for the Confederates.

From the Cincinnati Gazette, of November 17th, we take the following:

‘ Increased audacity on the part of the Secessionists might be expected, as a natural consequence of the change in the military affairs in Missouri. The telegraph brings one of the first effects of this in the capture of an army train of fifty wagons and five hundred oxen in Cass county, on their way to Sedalia.--There is, however, one satisfaction in this — it is regular.

Kansas City, November 16.-- A wagon master just arrived, gives information of the capture by the rebels, at three o'clock this morning, a mile and a half from Pleasant Hill, Cass county, of fifty wagons and five hundred oxen, on their way to Sedalia. When the wagon-master escaped, the yokes were being burned, and preparations were made to burn the wagons. The teamsters are all prisoners.

Action of the, Synod of South Carolina with reference to the State of the country.

The following resolutions were offered by Rev. J H. Thornwell, D. D., and unanimously adopted:

  1. 1. Resolved, By the ministers and elders composing this Synod, not in their ecclesiastical capacity as a Court of Jesus, but in their private capacity as citizens and a Convention of Christian gentlemen, that our allegiance is due through the sovereign State to which we belong, and shall be rendered to the Government of these Confederate States as long as South Carolina remains in the number.
  2. 2. Resolved, That the war which the United States are now waging against us is adjust, cruel, and tyrannical, and in contravention of every principle of freedom, which their fathers and ours bled to establish.
  3. 3. Resolved, That we are firmly persuaded that the only hope of constitutional liberty on this continent is in the success of the Confederate cause, and that we pledge ourselves, and we think we may safely say the Presbyterian people of these States, to uphold and support the Government is every lawful measure to maintain our rights and our humor.
  4. 4. Resolved The wednesday approve appointment by our President of a day of fasting, humiliation and prayer.

Arrival of a Lincoln steamer at Nashville.

The Nashville Gazette of Tuesday, the 24th ult, has the following:

‘ In our Sunday's issue, we made mention of the arrival of the Pink Variable at Fort Donelson under a flag of truce. The beat arrived at our wharf on Sunday morning, having in tow the barge laden with machinery, and no little excitement prevailed when the fact was made known that such a craft had made her appearance. We have been unable to learn the whys and wherefores connect. with this mysterious visit, but I occurs to us that somebody is at fault in allowing her to come be yond Fort Donaldson.

’ We know nothing of the crew belonging to the craft, save the pilot, who is represented to be an enthusiastic Lincolnites, and made strong efforts to raise a company to go into the Federal service, and failing in which, he has, if we are not mistaken, since been engaged as pilot on one of those thieving gun-boats that have been navigating the Cumberland. If the balance of the crew are of the same ilk, they have doubtless before this time made a full examination of the fortifications, and will be able, when they return, to give information of our weak points, and the best route to invade our city.

The Nashville Union, of the 26th of November, says:

‘ The steamer Pink Variable arrived here Sunday from Louisville under it flag of trace, having in tow a barge loaded with machinery for a cotton mill at McMinnville, in this State. She passed through the Lincoln blockade under a special permit from Secretary Chase, obtained, as we understand, by a Union man formerly a citizen of Nashville.

’ The boat was stopped at Fort Donelson, by Lieut Col. Mc Gavock, when she arrived there under a flag of trace, and not permitted to proceed up the river. A permit was subsequently granted by a superior officer, and here we have a Lincoln craft, commanded by a Lincoln crew, at our wharf. This is a very extraordinary arrival.

From the Islands.

The Charleston Courier, of the 2d instant says:

‘ The steamer Gen. Cliach, Capt. Dexter, arrived here on Saturday night from Jehosses Island and neighborhood. The Lincolnites had not got beyond Fonwick's Island, and no event of importance had transpired for several days in that vicinity.

We learn, from a reliable source, that all the cotton and provisions on Hutchinso and Renwick's Islands were destroyed by fire on Thursday last.

An important capture.

By a recent arrival from St. Loats, says the Memphis Appeal, or the 30th ult.,. we have information of the capture, on the upper Missouri, by a portion of the Missouri State Guard under Col. Kelly, of the Federal steamer Shushiue. Her freight consisted of the entire camp equipments destined for two Kansas regiments, together with a considerable amount of other military stores. The Missouri State Guard is performing an important work.

From Arizona.

The Houston (Texas) Telegraph, of the 221 ult, has been permitted to make the following extract from a privates letter from one of the officers of a Texas regiment in Arizona to a relative in Houston. It was written from Las Cruces, under date of November 2d.

"I have nothing new this time to write about, only that we are hourly expecting the Abs. from New Mexico 2,600 strong. Everything like stores, &c., have been removed to Fort Quitman, below Bliss; and we intend fighting them here, relying on a just Providence to equal our numbers. Our force, all told, is but 600, but good and true men. Expresses have been sent to Sibley to hurry up. I expect to be in Santa Fe, the capital of New Mexico, Christmas day. Some twenty Californians have just arrived here from California. They bring dates of September 12th, and we learn with pleasure that Sumner is not coming here with troops, that he can't raise them."

Missouri refugees in Texas.

The Southwest, published in Texas, has the following item:

‘ Scarcely a day passes that we do not see from one to a dozen wagons in our town, accompanied by men, women, and children — white and black — fleeing from oppression in Missouri. Many have barely escaped with their clothing, and have been compelled to abandon their homes, crops and all they possessed. The accounts they bring of affairs in Missouri, far exceed in horror any of the details in the papers. Many of them, as soon as they can get homes for their families, intend returning to assist in expelling the vandal hordes who are now desolating their once peaceful and happy homes.

The Naval engagement near Newport News--official report of Commander Tucker.

The Enquirer, of yesterday morning publishes the following official report of Commander Tucker of the Naval engagement which took place last Monday morning between the Confederate steamer Patrick Henry and the enemy's fleet off Newport News:

C. S. Steamer Patrick Henry,Off Mulberry Island.James River, Va., Dec. 2d, 1861
--Since the 18th of November, the enemy have accumulated at Newport News several small gun-boats and armed tugs; learning that they were in the habit of sending several of these gun-boats up the river at night, and withdrawing them in the morning, induced me to take the first favorable opportunity to surprise and attack them.

This morning being dark and suitable for the enterprise, I left our anchorage, off Mulberry Island, at 4 o'clock, A. M, and proceeded cautiously down the river — all lights carefully concealed.

I regret, however, to say, that I was disappointed in not finding the steamers as high up the river as I expected.

At early daylight we discovered four steamers, anchored in line, this side of the frigates, but in supporting distance of them, and the battery at Newport News.

We rounded to at a supposed. I distance of a mile, and commenced the attack with our port battery and pivot guns, which was returned by the steamers and the battery on shore, from rifled and other guns. Many of the rifled shells came near and over us, and one struck us going through the pilot house, and exploding in the starboard hammock nettings, producing slight injury, and wounding one of the pilots and a seaman, very slightly, by the splinters.

The engagement lasted two hours, when we returned to our anchorage, the enemy evincing no disposition to advance, either during the engagement or afterwards. We expended 28 shells and 13 solid shot, some of which must have struck, but with what injury to the enemy we are unable to say.

* * * * * * * * *

Very respectfully, your ob't serv't,

John R. Tucker, Com. C. S. N. Hon. S. R. Maltery, Sec'y Navy, Richmond.

Lincoln vessels Entering Pagan Creek--"heavy firing."

A correspondent from Suffolk, December 2d, of the Petersburg Express, says:

‘ Information reached here on Saturday that two on three Lincoln vessels had entered the mouth of Pagan creek, on which Smith field is situated. This morning, about 4 o'clock, heavy firing commenced in that direction and continued for nearly four hours, firing every half minute and minute. Nothing has been heard as to what the firing means. Some are confident that it was an engagement between the blockading vessels and some of our batteries; others suppose that the firing was on the other side of the James, and was an engagement between the forces of Magruder and the enemy. A gentleman just arrived in town supposes that it was at Pig Point, but in this opinion I do not agree. During the day we may hear more about it, but it will be too late, perhaps, for the mail.

’ [Doubtless the firing alluded to above was that from Newport News between the Confederate steamer Patrick Henry and Lincoln's fleet, stationed off that Point, as it was about the time mentioned in the paragraph above that the fight commenced there.--Eds. Drs.]

Gen. Bragg's congratulatory order.

The Barrancas correspondent of the Mobile (Aia.) Evening News furnishes that paper with the following general order, complimentary to the troops on their signal victory over the enemy at Fort Pickens, after a two days bombardment. It puts to blush the boastful threats of Col. Brown that he could annihilate the works and defences of Pensacola in a few hours. Its style and language is in the vein which characterizes all the papers of Gen, Bragg, and it met with the warmest reception by the different corps of his command:

Headquarters Army of Pensacola, Near Pensacola, Fts., 25th Nov. 1861.
General Order, No. 130.

The signal success which has crowned our forty hours conflict with the arrogant and confident enemy -- whose Government, it seems, is hourly looking for an announcement of his success in capturing our position --should fill our hearts with gratitude to a merciful Providence. This terrific bombardment of more then a hundred guns of the heaviest calibre — causing the very earth to tremble around us — has, from the wild firing of the enemy, resulted in the loss of only seven lives, with eight wounded; but two of

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