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A prevalent delusion.

--It seems impossible to eradicate from the Northern mind the prevalent delusion that a majority of the Southern people are actually at this time in favor of the old Union. In considering the question ‘"will the Southern States return to the Union,"’ a writer in the St. Louis News, whose opinions seem to be endorsed by that paper, denies that there is unity of sentiment among ‘"the rebels"’ on the question of war, and asserts that ‘"were this true, the Government would best subserve the ends of justice and humanity by making a good treaty with them, and let them go."’ The writer reasons thus:

‘ "The rebellion is not of the whole people of the South, and no doubt if a fair expression of the voice of the entire South was taken, there would be a majority in favor of the Union; if so, are they not coerced into subjection to the authorities of the 'Southern Confederacy, ' and would it be subjugation to the South to let them return to the Union if a majority desire it? In short, is not the South already subjugated by designing men who sprung this revolt upon her?

&Taking this view of the case, there can be to such thing as subjugation, but an overthrow of conspirators against a common government, and as the Federal arms prevail against these traitors in any State, let the loyal men rise up and say we have conquered, and let them, like the old North State, establish a provisional government until such time as they may deem best for an election.

"By so doing, all this talk about the North whipping the South, t , is done away. Nothing has been done but destroy a foul conspiracy against a Government, the best ever known, and in every particular as valuable to the South as the North; which has ever, and ever will, if allowed to live, prosper and protect all its loyal citizens."

’ This is a most lame and impotent conclusion of the gasconading spirit in which this war was begun. Instead of being subjugated by great standing armies, we are now to be stifled to death by provisional governments, like that of the Pan Handle and of Hatteras. For our own part, we care not how many Sancho Panzas the Northern Quixotto outhouses on our Islands and pan-handles. We are about as much pleased with each new appointment of a bogus Southern Governor as the Yankees themselves or the fortunate recipients of their patronage. Every new leech that is annexed to the Federal arteries we look upon as our ally in drawing the monster's life-blood and hastening his death struggle While our Southern soldiers bleed him on the field, the gubernatorial and other blood-suckers will reduce him to such a state of impotence that he will scarce have strength to ‘"wipe his weeping eyes"’ We hope that ‘"provisional governments"’ will become as numerous as the locus's of Egypt, and, as the rebels may seek to disparage and bring them into contempt on account of the narrow field of their operations, there ought to be as much pomp, paraphernalia, and expenditure as possible in the maintenance of their authority. Each Governor ought to have a large salary and a splendid suite, an executive palace, and a small standing army, If a provisional government does not provide for the Governor, what is it good for?

As to the delusion that ‘"a majority of the South are in favor of the Union,"’ we know not how it is to be dispelled except by the sword. Tories and traitors there may be among us; men here and there in our most loyal districts, who are ready to act as spies and informers, and, small sections in Western Virginia and East Tennessee, where a traitorous minority are still strong enough to give us trouble, but, with these exceptions, a more united and loyal people than the people of the South cannot be found. The old Union men have been the foremost in every battle, and are at this moment as implacable enemies to a reconstruction of the United States Government as the most ardent original Secessionist. If the hopes of the North are based upon any imaginary fissure in the Southern rock it may as well give up its bloody crusade. There is not a Government on the face of the earth which the great mass of the Southern people would not prefer to live and die under than the detested Northern despotism.

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