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Operations of the Patent Office--the Mechanic Arts in the South.

The Patent Office is one of the institutions of the Government which noiselessly pursues the tenor of its way, and has, under the good management of its head, Hon. Mr. Rhodes, Commissioner, proved a complete success even in this early stage of its existence. The office is located in the third story of the Government building, on Ninth street, where a spacious hall, open to visitors at suitable hours every day, is appropriated to the exhibition of models of ingenious inventions, and such curious relies as may be presented by those who desire to increase its attractions. It has already developed the interesting fact that the South possesses all the elements of mechanical genius necessary to the industrial progress of a nation, and has had no occasion to call upon the Government for an appropriation to meet its liabilities. It sustains itself, and in every respect responds to the purposes for which it was established. We append a list of the patents already issued for new inventions, omitting a large number of United States patents renewed, and several applications now on file:

James S. Allums, Cusseta, Chattahoochee co., Ga., for cotton presses, Oct. 2, 1861.

Victor Armant, New Orleans, La., apparatus for clarifying cane juice, Aug. 24, 1861.

Isaac Beirfield, Newberry C. H. S. C., mode of tanning, Sept. 16, 1861.

Robert C. Bernard, Rocky Mount, Va., gate fasteners, Oct. 11, 1861.

R. W. Biggs, Jacksonville, Fla., ploughs, Nov. 21, 1861.

Hannibal S. Blood, New Orleans, Louisiana, switches and turntables for horse railroad cars, Oct. 24, 1861.

J. S. Boothby, Savannah, Ga., tanning, Sept. 27, 1861.

Edward Boyle, Thomas Gamble, and Edward McFee Richmond, Va., sword bayonet, attaching to guns, Sept. 2, 1861.

Charles E. Brown, Staunton, Va., stirrups, Aug. 11, 1861.

James H, Carkeet, Natchez. Miss., manufacture of cannon, Sept, 3, 1861.

W. J. Cheshire, Colquit, Ga., ploughs, Aug. 29, 1861.

P. R. Clements, Eufalia, Ala., waterwheels for mills, Aug. 23, 1861.

Thomas W. Cofer, Portsmouth, Va., revolving pistol, Aug. 12, 1861.

Cornelius R. Cox, Cahaba, Ala., cotton cleaner, Nov. 7, 1861.

Andrew Day, Woodville, Miss., ploughs, Nov. 22, 1861.

E. N. Davis, Holly Springs, Miss., cotton ties, Oct. 9, 1861.

Henry, Dowler, Wilmington, N. C., military caps, Dec. 14, 1861.

John D. Evans. Pleasant Hill, Ga., ploughs, August 13, 1861.

James W. Frazier, Frazierville, S. C., wheels for steam boats, August 8, 1861.

Frederick J. Gardner, Newbern, N. C., cartridges, August 27, 1861.

Louise Grady, Norfolk, Va., washing machine, Dec. 6, 1861.

John N. Gradick, Fayetteville, Ala., washing machine, Nov. 26, 1861.

Henry C. Goodrich, Augusta, Ga., camp cots, Oct. 30, 1861.

John P. Gorman, Charlestown, Va., cartridge boxes, Oct. 2, 1861.

Edward Gothell, (assignor to himself and Robert Mott,) New Orleans, La., percussion fuses, Sept. 19, 1861.

R. W. Habersham, Beaufort, S. C., sabrelance, August 6, 1861

Phidello Hall, Springfield, Texas, automatic breech-loading gun, August 10, 1861.

Arthur E. Hall, South Quay, Va., camp bedstead, October 1, 1861.

Afred G. Hearn, Arkadelphia, Ark., machine for measuring distances, Sept. 1, 1861.

R. C. Howe, Richmond, Va., camp chest and bedstead combined, Oct. 29, 1861.

J. L. Jones, Tally Ho, N. C., carriage wheels, Aug. 26, 1861.

Edward T. Ligon, Demopolis, Ala., breech-loading firearms, Sept. 21, 1861.

James Lynch, Petersburg, Va., cannon, Oct. 4, 1861.

M. A. McLeod, Thibodaux, La., apparatus for clarifying cane juice, Nov. 11, 1861.

T. W. Moore, Person county, N. C., ploughs Nov. 11. 1861.

Daniel Oswall, Cabahatchee, Ala., breech loading cannon, Oct. 15, 1861.

E. J. Park, Memphis, Tenn., Tanning, Oct. 10, 1861.

Geo. W. Peabody, Columbus, Ga., waterproof composition, Nov. 20, 1861.

Arnaud Preat, Gravel Hill, Va., lance or pike attaching to guns, Aug. 15, 1861.

James P. Rankin, Marion, N. C., breech loading gun, Sept. 14, 1861.

Wm. W., Rickenbacher, Beaufort, S. C., camp chest and bed combined, Nov. 7, 1861.

Columbus A. Rose, Columbia, Ala., hoes, Nov. 27, 1861.

John Schley, Savannah, Ga., horsepower, Nov. 21, 1861.

George B. Sloat, Richmond, Va., sewing machine stand, (design) Aug. 5, 1861.

George B. Sloat, Richmond, Va., work box for sewing machine, (design) Aug. 5, 1861.

John R. Spilman, Warrenton, Va., paper cartridges, Oct. 1, 1861.

John R. Spilman, Warrenton, Va., device for making cartridges, Oct. 2, 1861.

B. B. and W. H. Stephens, Dallas, La., corn and cotton stalk cutter and puller, Nov. 27, 1861.

J. D. Stewart, Jackson, Miss., sash fasteners, Aug. 21, 1861.

Marena A. Tarlton, New Orleans, La., cotton ties, Dec. 11, 1861.

Joseph Thomas, Batesville, Ark., bullet moulds, Oct. 15, 1861.

James H. Van Houton, Savannah, Ga., breech loading guns, Aug. 1, 1861.

John M. Walden, Fort Valley, Ga., switches for railroads, Aug. 7, 1861.

John M. White, Citronville, Ala., breech loading gun, Dec. 7, 1861.

Benjamin Winter, Buckingham C. H. Va., winnowing machines, Sept. 26, 1861.

L. B. Woolfolk, Goodistsville, Tenn., steam plough, July 23, 1861.

It will be perceived that eleven States of the Confederacy are represented in the foregoing list; and it appears that many inventions of practical utility, necessary for the prosecution of labor under the present exigencies, have suddenly germinated in the minds of our citizens, showing in every instance an improvement upon anything heretofore in use. This will be made apparent to any one who may examine the models in the exhibition room of the Patent Office.

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