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Northern war news.
reports from the Federal Capital.
Yankee Accounts from Missouri.&c.,&c.,&c.

From the latest Northern dates, which have reached us, we extract the following items of news:

Mr. Russell on the Release of Mason and Slidell — he Predicts the Overthrow of the Lincoln Dynasty.

Mr. Russell, in his letter to the London. Times on the question of the Trent outrage, says:

‘ "As I write, there is a rumor that Messrs, Mason and Slidell are to be surrendered. If it be true, this government is broken up.--There is so much vigilance of spirit among the lower orders of the people, and they are so ignorant of everything except their own pollucs and passions, so saturated with pride and vanity, that any honorable concession, even in this hour or extremity, would prove fatal to his authors."

A New York journal takes issue with Russell, and comments as follows:

Mr. Russell, we apprehend, has been constrained to devote so large a portion of his sojourn in this country to our best society, native and exotic, that he has not yet made himself thoroughly acquainted with ‘"the lower orders."’ Having been of them and with them for half a century, we think our judgment may fairly be pitted against his in the premises; and we confidently assure him that, should our Government decide, for any reason whatever, to surrender Mason and Slidell to Great Britain, their act will prove ‘"fatal"’ only to Jeff. Davis and his upholders. ‘"Ignorant"’ as ‘"the lower orders"’ of our people may be; they quite understand that their Government can have no motive in acting on this case but to do what seems best for the country.

Naval officers retired

The Washington correspondent of the New York Tribune sends the following list of retired naval officers, under the, recent bill which passed Congress to promote the efficiency of the navy;

Commodores Shubrick, Kearney, Smith, Storer, Gregory, McCauley, Lavallette, Aulick, Stringham, Mervine, Armstrong, Paulding, Crabbe, Breeze, Levy, Ramsey, Long, Conover, Luman, McCluney, Montgomery, Striboling, Sands, Bell, Jarvis, Pendergrast, Nicholson, Pull, Chauncey, Kelly, Paragut, Gardner, Wilson, Dornier, Glynn, Angle, Rudd, Ritchie, McKean, Mercer, Golusborongh, Lounds, Marston, Adams, Walker, Pearson, Nicholas, Dapont, Hudson, and Pope.

There are also quite a number of surgeons, pay masters, and other officers, who come under the provisions of this bill.

The four flag offers — Goldsborough, of the North Atlantic, Dupont, of the South Atlantic, McKean, of the Gulf, and Bell, of the Pacific squadrons — are among the officers retired by the operations of the new law — each having been in the city more than forty-five years. The President will, however, as authorized by the act, assign them their present commands, with the rank of flag-officer.

Affairs in Missouri--extravagant Lies of the Yankees — movements of Gen. Price,&c.

The following telegraphic dispatches are so framed as to pander to the gullibility of the Yankee appetite, and are as likely to be the promptings of the depraved imaginations of Lincoln's hirelings as otherwise. We give them for what they are worth:

Sr. Louis, Mo., Dec. 27.--The following summary of the recent military operations in Missouri is obtained from a trustworthy source:

Within the last two weeks the Union army has captured 2,500 rebels, including about 70 commissioned officers, 1,290 horses and mules, 1,100 stand of arms, two tons of powder, 100 wagons, and an immense amount of commissary stores and camp equipage.

A large foundry at Lexington, used by the rebels for casting cannon, shot and shelled, most of the rebel craft on the Missouri, including ferry boats, have been destroyed or captured. A pretty clean sweep has been made of the whole country, between the Missouri and Osage river, and Gen. Price, cut off from all supplies and recruits from North Missouri, is in full retreat for Arkansas with his whole army, having passed through Spring field with his whole army.

Our loss in accomplishing these important results did not exceed 100 killed and wounded. These are the points of brilliant strategical combinations by Gen. Halleck, which have been so apply executed by Gens. Pope, Prestiges and McKeon, and Cols. Jeff C. Davis, of Fort Sumter fame, and Fred, Steele, of the 11th regular infantry, and the brave officers and soldiers of our army, regulars an volunteers.

General Price's designs to stir up rebellion in North Missouri, and simultaneously burn all railroad bridges, stations, and rolling stock, on the 20th of this month, in accordance with a plan promulgated from the round camp, have been foiled, to a great extent, by the energy of General Halleck and activity of our forces, which are kept in constant motion, not withstanding the severity of the weather.

The damage done to the North Missouri and Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad has been greatly exaggerated. Repaired are being rapidly made, and both the North Missouri Railroad and telegraph wire will be in working order to Wellsville to-night.

Ten bridge burners have already been shot and fifty more in close confinement, to be summarily dealt with under Gen. Halleck's stringent orders.

It is confidently expected that our moving columns will as effectually, in a few days, break up bridge burning in North Missouri as the rebellion has been crushed south of the river. No mercy will be shown the scoundrels.

Gen. Halleck's emphatic orders with reference to all bridge burners, are to shoot down every one making the attempt.

Maj. Glover has just returned from a co in Camden county, with ten wagon l of subsistence, a rebel captain, and thirteen men who left Price's army when the retreat commenced.

General Pope's official report of his expedition into Central Missouri has been received, but contains nothing important that has not been previously reported.

In accordance with orders from Gen. Halleck, the Provost Marshal General directs that the six slaves now confined in the county jail, and advertised for sale under the State statute, be released from prison and placed under the control of the Quartermaster General of this department for labor till further orders, the said slaves being the property of rebels and having been used for insurrectionary purposes.

The Flight of Price Confirmed

Otterville, Mo., Dec. 27
--A prisoner who escaped from the rebel camp at Hermanville last Saturday, reports that when the news that Gen. Pope's cavalry had driven in Gen. Rains's pickets at Johnstown, was received by Price's army, the greatest consternation prevailed in the rebel camp. The cavalry, artillery, infantry, and the now ragged, unarmed recruits, were mixed up in inexterminable confusion, and many hours elapsed before anything like order was restored.

The retreat of the whole army commenced as soon after as possible, and so fearful were they of pursuit, that they burned bridges, and placed every obstruction in the way of the fancied pursuit. Even the calibrated bridge built by Gen. Fremont over the Osage river at Warsaw, was not spared by the flying rebels.

It is reported that one regiment was left on the Osage as rear guard, and that several small bodies are scattered through the counties about Warrensburg, collecting supplies. A cavalry force has been out in pursuit of them, but our horses are so worn and weary by other long forced marches that there is but little prospect of capturing these rebel bands.

The last report from Gen. Price is that he passed through Spring field on route to Arkansas and it is pretty certain that he will not return this winter.

Washington telegraphic items — the charges against Gen. Benham--the Georgetown Ferry, &c.

Washington, Dec. 27.
--Gen. Rosecrans arrived here to-day, and has flied his charges against Gen. Benham, They are several in number:

First--That Gen. Benham permitted Floyd to escape when he had it in his power to have captured him.

Second--that he disobeyed the instructions of his superior.

Third--Conduct unbecoming an officer.

A Court will be immediately convened.

The gun boat Talsoca Capt. H. S. Bright, arrived here yesterday from Philadelphia, having passed the blockade without a shot being fired at her. She is intended for the new Government Ferry at Georgetown, and will probably commence her trips on Monday, the slips and ferry wharves being nearly completed. This is one of the greatest improvements made by the Government, and will greatly facilitate the transportation of the heavy army wagons which are constantly passing between this city and Virginia, and will relieve the Long Bridge from the pressure of teams which have heretofore been forced upon it.

The North Carolina, loaded with forage, consigned to Col. ingall, of the Quartermaster's Department of Alexandria, arrived at Liverpool Point to-day from New York, in a leaky condition; She, in connection with

a number of others, is expected to pass the rebel batteries hitherward to-night.

From Eighty --the Number of Confederates at Cumberland Cap. &c.

Louisville, Dec. 27.
--A letter to the Democrat, from London, Ky., says that there are only 1,840 rebels at Cumberland Gap, under Col. Rains. They have sent their sick to Knoxville, and their pickets extend to five miles this side of the Gap.

We have no news from Somerset to day.

A Mr. Duff, who has just arrived, reports that there was a fight on Tuesday night at Joseph Corson's house, in Perry county, between 118 rebels and 47 Union men. The rebels were completely routed, with sixteen wounded, and the Union loss nothing.

Rebels are prowling through Perry, fletcher and Beethell counties, robbing and swearing Union men to support the Southern Confederacy.

The Burnside expedition — the troops at Annapolis — arrival of transports, &c.

The correspondence of the New York Post, who will accompany the Burnside expedition writes from Annapolis, on the 24th ult., as follows:

‘ The storm has prevented much out-door progress in the outfit of the expedition. The barque H. D. Brookman, Captain H. E. Cheney, is the only arrival of to-day. The naval part of the expedition is now arriving at Old Point Comfort, and Commodore Goldsboro', who is in command, is already there. The transports with the troops will probably sail from here to that point on Saturday. General Burnside is busily engaged in forwarding the expedition as rapidly as possible, but there will be no unnecessary haste, and when the entire fleet sails for the point of attack it will be not only formidable but complete.

The proximity of a large number of Federal troops has not in the least disturbed the quiet of this place.

There has been a demand for sailors for the batteries and transports, but this deficiency is likely to be supplied at once from New York and Baltimore, or even from the regiments in camp. Gen. Burnside sent to the New York Fifty-First yesterday to know how many sailors there were in that regiment. One hundred and twenty-seven were the answer; and there is no doubt but that there are 400 or 500 sailors in the different regiments stationed at this post.

’ The harbor is alive with shipping this morning. In addition to the list of transports already sent you, the following steamers for the Burnside expedition have arrived:

Guide, Capt. Edward E. Valle.

Pioneer, Capt. Chas. G. Baker.

Ranger, Capt. J. B. Chiluz

Propeller Eastern State, Capt. J. Teal.

The following sailing vessels, loaded with stores and ammunition have also arrived:

Ship Arracan, Captain Relly.

Schooner Wm. A. Crocker, Capt. Thos. D. Endicott.

Schooner Plandome, Capt. R. T. Brown.

Schooner Maria Pike, Captain Samuel W. Crocker.

Schooner Highlander, Capt, E. G. Dayton.

Schooner Sea Bird, Capt. R. F. Smith.

Schooner Recruit, Capt. Geo. Coggeshall.

Captain Ernest Slaples is in command of the floating batteries, and of these the following have arrived at this point:

Shrapnel, Rocket, Grenada, Grapeshot, and Bombshell.

Capt. Belgier's Rhode Island battery, six guns, 154 men, which has been at Alexandria for the past ten weeks, arrived here by a special train from Washington this evening, and will go with the expedition.

The officers of the expedition, so far as appointed, are as follows:

A. E. Burnside, Brigadier-General commanding.

Staff.--Capt. Lewis Richmond, Assistant Adjutant General; Capt. H. Biggs, Quartermaster; Capt. E. R. Goodrich, Commissary of Subsistence.

Major W. H. Church, Brigade Surgeon.

Lieutenant Pell, A. D. C.

Lieut. Geo. Fearing, A. D. C.

Brigadier General J. G. Foster, commanding First Brigade.

Staff--Capt. S. Hoffman, Assistant Adjutant General; Capt. D. Messinger, Brigade Quartermaster; P. W. Hudson, A. D. C.

Lieutenants E. N. strong, J. M. Pendleton, Volunteer Aids.

The staff of Brigadier General Beno, commanding the Second Brigade, is not yet appointed.

The Tax on Tea, Coffee, &c.

The following order from Secretary Chase is published in the Northern papers:

Treasury Department,

Washington Dec. 28.
Collector of Customs, New York:
You are hereby instructed to enforce the provisions of the Act to increase the Duties on Tea, Coffee, Sugar and Molasses, approved December 24th, 1861. This act goes into effect on the 25th instant, and applies to all goods of the above description in warehouse, as well as current importation. A copy of the act will be sent you by mail. In the meantime, you will be governed by the Act as published in the newspapers.

S. P. Chase,
Secretary of the Treasury.
It is understood that all goods withdrawn and duties paid since the passage of the act will be required to pay the increased duty. This the importers consider as oppressive.

From Brazil.

Advices received from General Webb, our Minister to Brazil, state that there is considerable anxiety in that country respecting the difficulties and troubles in the U. States. The sympathy of Brazil is strongly on the side of the Federal Government. Although rebel privateers have entered and obtained supplies in several of the ports of that country, it was done in direct opposition to the authorities, and without the knowledge of the Government.

Sailing of the Europa, &c.

Halifax Dec. 27.
--The steamer Europa arrived at 5 o'clock, and sailed at 7 A. M. Mason and Slidell were not on board.

The Persia reached Bic yesterday.

The Australasian attempted to go up the St. Lawrence, but came back here on account of the ice. She will not land any troops, but will sail for New Brunswick to-day.


Virginia 6's were held in New York, on the 27th ult., at 47; North Carolina 6's at 50; Missouri 6's at 37½.

Gen. McClellan (who has been pronounced convalescent) has decided to allow the Colonels of cavalry regiments the choice between home opathic and allopathic treatment of their horses. He himself employs the former.

President Lincoln, accompanied by Capt. Dahlgren, visited the Pensacola at the Washington navy-yard, on her trial trip, on the 27th ult.

Colonels Meagher and Asboth have been nominated to the U. States Senate as Brigadier Generals.

Congressman Ely has arrived in Washington.

Col. Fitz John Porter is on a visit to Fortress Monroe.

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