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It was declared by the Divine Founder of the Christian Religion that ‘"it must needs be that offences come, but woe to that man by whom the offence cometh."’ War is undoubledly one of the most painful of the terrible evils which the fallen condition of man has entailed upon humanity. It is in consequence of his evil nature, a necessary evil, and it involves other woes besides those which are peculiar to itself, and some of them even more distressing. Famine and pestilence travel in its ghastly train, intemperance and licentiousness produce a moral disorganization, worse than physical death, and oppression and cruelty are found in its habitations.--We know that it is not in any of its aspects, an unmixed evil. We know that it elevates and expands the generous and heroic part of man's nature, that it lays mighty sacrifices of seli upon the attar of the public good, that in unites a whols people in the bonds and sympathies of a common cause. Death, in some form or other, is the common lot of humanity, and in no form is it more glorious than in that of martyrdom for justice and the right. And yet no man of common sensibilty can look unmoved upon the sorrows and tribulations which war brings with it even to those who suffer in the holiest cause; upon the privations, the physical sufferings, the be reavement which torture so many hearts and darken so many households. These evils it is true are inevitable to fallen humanity. No nation has ever escaped them. No race of men who ever lived have been able to avoid this universal curse. No island nor continent has ever been free from the bloody footprint of war. The nations most invored of God have been haptized in the crimson laver of bittle, and his holiest saints have not worn the crown till they have borne the cross. If America has for a generation escaped the universal doom, the whole experience of mankind demonstrates that its time of war, like that of all other nations, must sooner or later come, and that neither we nor any other people upon the earth can be assured of perpetual peace till the Millenium has begun. But if it be true that war and other ‘"offences must come,"’ none the less certain is the ‘"Wo,"’ pronounced by the Son of God, ‘"to that man by whom the offence cometh."’ The brand of the first murderer is upon the brow of every king, ruler, and statesman by whom war is forced upon the world. Every Government under heaven seems to concede that truth by its eager and earnest endeavors to put itself in the right at the bar of public opinion and conscience and to show that before making war it had exhausted every means 91 setting its quarrel peaceably and honorably with as adversary. A nation which at this age of the world draws the sword before every resource of diplomacy and reasonable compromiss and concession has been employed to avoid the dire alternative of war, is looked upon by common consent as responsible for all the bloodshed, crime, and misery that it brings upon mankind. Tried by this standard, now universally recognized, the Lincoln despotism is answerable at every human tribunal, and at the angust bar of the Divine Judge for every life lost in this unholy invasion, for every tear of anguish, for all the crimes, miseries, and destitutions which have come upon a once happy and prosperous people. It refused from the very beginning to listen to any counsel of pacification, or to make the slightest compromise. Its consolidation theory of the American Government had never been the theory of more than one party in the country, and that a party which has always been in a minority from the for nation of the American Constitution till this hour. The Sovereignty of the States has never been openly denied by any State or by any federal administration of the United States till the present. The framers of the Constitution, even including those who contended for consolidation, explicitly and emphatically discarded the idea of coercing the States by the Federal Government. The very man who is now President, on a former occasion, himself denied in the most energetic terms the doctrine which he now holds. The whole civilized world, from the beginning of this contest, have recognized and acted upon the State rights theory contended for by the Confederate States, and which has up to this time been the accepted theory of the vast majority of the American people. In drawing the sword upon Sovereign States because they would not relinquish their Sovereignty, Lincoln has made himself responsible for all the horrors and tribulations of this bloody war. On the other hand, the South exhausted every measure of conciliation and forbearance before accepting the contest which the North was bent upon forcing upon our country. The South had submitted, for a quarter of a century, to spoliation, insult and ontrage, until they culminated in the effort of a sectional majority to reduce her to vassalage. Even then she only wanted to ballet alone. She negotiated and implored for a peaceful separation. The Border States offered compromise upon compromise, until they had reached the verge of humiliation, to avoid the fearful alternative which was forced upon them by an inexorable despotism. Not until the Federal usurper had drawn the sword, and thrown away the scabbard, did they so much as stand upon the defensive. Woe, then, woe, to the usurper, who has forced this war upon an unoffending people! The maledictions of Eternal Justice rest upon the tyrant's soul. There is blood upon his hand, blood upon his garments and upon his threshhold; the blood of the innocent and the just. Let the thought inspire the hearts and nerve the arms of all true patricks. The approving smiles of Heaven are upon our arms, and its dark frowns, portentous of calamity and retribution, are upon the wicked invaders of our hearths and homes.
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