Proceedings in Congress on the death of the Hon. John Tyler.
The remains of the Hon. John Tyler
were veryed to the Capitol
on. Sunday evening, deposited in the Hall
of Congress, where by lay in State and were viewed by a vast Number of persons.
Congress men yesterday at 12 o'clock, for the purpose of paying tribute to the memory of the dis member of that body, whose re- new lay, covered by the flag of his State with an imperishable wreath his coffin as a fitting emblem of the of him whose voice would no more be is the councils of his country.
The usually occupied by the members were up to the ladies, of whom a large number were present, and every available inch space in the hall was occupied by eager ctators.
was called to order by the Hon. well Cobb
, and a fervent prayer was by the Rev. Dr. Hoge
, who alluded ting terms to the calamitous event which allen upon our country.
Wm. H. Macfarland
, of Virginia
, then and said that the sad duty had been as- him by his colleagues of preparing re- expressive of the sense of Congress the melancholy bereavement which had upon them.
He then went on to speak the great services rendered to his country by the deceased, and said that John Tylor
's ways historical name — that his fame was deadeningly connected with the history of his Mr. Macfarland
's tributes to the memory the great statesman was beautiful and ap- throughout, and we regret that we enable to give it in full.
In conclusion offered the following resolutions, and their unanimous adoption:
That Congress has heard with the sensibility of the death, in this city, the morning of Saturday, the 18th inst., the Hon. John Tyler
, a member of this from the State of Virginia
That, as a testimony of respect for memory of this illustrious statesman honored patriot, the members of this will wear the usual badge of for thirty days, and will attend funeral of the deceased at 12 o'clock to-morrow.
That a committee, consisting of from each State, be appointed to super- the funeral solemnities.
That the proceedings of this body relation to the death of the Hon. John
be communicated by the President
of to the family of the deceased.
That, as a mark of respect to the of the deceased, this Congress do adjourn.
R. M. T. Hunter
, of Virginia
, then and spoke as follows:
I rise to offer my tribute of respect to the memory of my deceased colleague, with mined emotions of grief and pride; of grief the loss of such a man at such a time, of pride in the spectacle of a life thus closed, when so full of years and The name of John Tyler
has passed to history, and has an altar of its own in great sanctuary of human fame.
Its is over.
Nothing now can dim its as it is borne along the tide of time.
has been said that the story of the hum- life, when rightly told, must afford food the profitable study of man. With how such of interest then should we turn to the elation of the lives of those who are of their kind, and who have furnished examples for the imitation of posterior of those whose voices have been the persuasive and convincing in counsel, whose shout, like that of the king, has been most potent in marshalling hosts for the battle.
Of the public men of our day, John Tyler
has been one of the most marked distinguished.
With him disappears the but one, who now sits in this chamber, those luminaries, who adorned the Senate of the United State, when I first entered upon white life.
In him, too, we lose the last of illustrious line of Southern Presidents
, names connected us with the highest honors of the Union
, from which we have parted.
Who does not feel an Increase of separation as one by one pass away, not only the links of material interest, but the of personal association which was bound us together.
Few have filled so completely as Mr. Tyler
whole circle of honors which are open the aspiration of our public men. He sooner attained his majority than he elected to the Legislature of Virginia. some years of service there, he was occessively made a member of the Executive Council a member of the House of Representatives of the United States
of the United States
of the United States
, and, by of General Harrison
and through the operation of the Constitution
, Chief Ma- of the land.
Nor did his public ca- close even here.
When the gathering presaged the storm which is now over the land, he was called from this retirement to take part as a member of the Convention of Virginia.
By the General Assembly of Virginia
he was sent to the Place
Congress in Washington
, over whose deliberations he presided, and afterwards he was elected a member of this Congress.
Subsequently, the people of his district elected him to the House of Representatives in the Confederate Congress, which is soon to assemble in this place.
But, rich as has been his life in public honors, it has not been more distinguished for them than by its achievements from the very commencement of his public life he seems to have distinguished himself in whatever body he was and to have won by his eloquence achievements a leading place in the estimation of is associates.
A zealous advocate of the of the State-Rights party of Virginia
he, for the most part, adhered to them achievements through a long and arduous No public man of his day labored than he did for the preservation of the Constitution
; and he was the first to declare, along with the Carolinian
, that the Constitution
and were one and inseparable.
From period of the first nullification control from the time when he voted alone in against the Force Bill
up to his appearance in Washington
at the Peace he seems to have entertained the opinion that the two must perish together.
The same sense of the paramount obligation upon every public preserve the Constitution
followed his administration of the Executive
affairs of the United States
Forced to close between a desire to gratify his Per- friend, who had elected him to office one hand and a conscientious sense of to preserve the Constitution
on the other, he chose to lose his friends, painful as was the sacrifice, and to discharge his duty in the face of such difficulties as no other President
had as yet encountered.-- From that time forward it was his lot to administer the Government
in the midst of some of the severest party struggles ever known in the history of the country, without the cordial support of either of the Cost political divisions of the day. But in of this support he had the sagacity to around him, in his Cabinet, some of the best intellects in the land.
, Their Upshur
, and Gilmer
, aided to conduct one of the most marked and administrations in the history of American affairs.
It was this administration which added Texas
, an empire in ter to the Confederacy
, and which closed in the Ashburton Treaty
, a long and complicated negotiation between the U and Great Britain
, upon certain points of affirence between them.
It was in this that Mr. Calhoun
's cele- letter to Mr. King
, for the first time made a public demonstration before the world, of the right of the slave- States to respect and protection for their interests.
It was this administration, the which may be said to have dealt the final blow to the Bank of the United States
distinguished as was this administration of public affairs, it was perhaps not so as his subsequent career.
He had reached the years of three-score and when he left his retirement to aid in makey up that great issue of human destiny now being submitted to the arbitra- of a trial by battle between, as it is said, a million of armed men. True to the of his life-long profession, his first was to preserve the Constitution
and the Union
along with it; but, when that by was gone, none were more decided than loose his State from its perilous as- with enemies in the disguise of and none were more resolute to make cause with the South
and meet all quencess of the act. From the day Virginia
made her act of separation deliverance complete, up to the time of he had thrown his whole soul into cause, and may be said to have exhausted dying energies in the effort to maintain defend it. His colleagues who are here will bear witness to the truth of I say when I affirm that throughout his great struggle his courage has never his hope has never faltered, nor has purpose to fight it out to the last extremity relaxed in the slightest degree.
, we may truly say that with Tyler
, a great man has fallen in Israel
, that fall a grand has been The death of a good man is doubt, a course for grief to the friends who sur- him, But my calling as was perhaps as fortunate in the circumstances of his death as of his life.
As the soldier upon the field of battle he fell at the post of duty and when his life was full of years and honors it passed away without a pang.
He left us before age had bowed his frame or dimmed the light of his intellect, and he resigned life when its future course was beginning to promise here more of pain than pleasure.
It is true that he did not live to witness the triumph of the great cause in which he had embarked, but he had seen enough to feel that its ultimate success was certain.
And now that ‘"the fitful fever's o'or,"’ let him sleep well in the consciousness of a well spent life, and of having nobly discharged his duties to his country.
To-morrow we shall lay him beneath his mother earth, on the beautiful bank of the James
, where his slumbers shall be soothed by the sound of its falling waters.
Day after day for years yet to come the lights of morning and the evening shadows shall lend their varied and silent charms to the quiet scene of his deep repose.
After the hour of trial is over and the great work of our deliverance is completed.
, as she leans on her bloody spear to contemplate the past and behold the resting place of her dead, will raise her gauntleted hand to brush away the tear when she sees the grave of that brave old man who left his retirement to stake his fortune, his life, and his reputation on the result which was to bring her safety, honor, and freedom.
She will embalm his memory in her affections and hold out his example for the imitation of generations yet unborn.
And his children, and their children's children, will preserve his name as an inheritance of priceless value, an heirloom which has already run with their blood through more than one generation of men distinguished for patriotism and virtue.
, it is not my purpose to draw the portrait of the dead.
His is a character which men will choose to study for themselves.
They will look for it in the monuments of his own creation rather than in the testimonials of his friends.
But perhaps I may say without usurping the historian's office, that he was genial and kindly in all the relations of private life; that he employed the gift of eloquence with which he was so rarely endowed in the public service rather than for selfish purposes; that his capacities for usefulness seemed always to rise to the level of the demand upon them; that he has shown himself able to discharge high public duties under the most difficult circumstances, and that he has served his State with a love and fidelity which are beyond all praise.
But, Mr. President
, may I not ask, in conclusion, if there is nothing in the present occasion from which we may draw a lesson useful to ourselves?
Is there nothing in it to deepen our sense of the uncertainty of human life and the instability of human affairs?
Within how short a period has death twice sent its summons in our midst, dealing his blow each time at a shining mark?
Does not this impress us with a sense of the utter worthlessness of the little span of life which is accorded to us, if it be not used as a preparation for a better and more enduring state of existence?
Surely the scene around us must bring home to us the truth of the great maxim that the duties of life are to be preferred to life itself.
Mr. Wm. C. Rives
, of Virginia
, next claimed the privilege, as one longer acquainted with the deceased than perhaps any man present, of bearing testimony to his public and private virtues.
He first knew Mr. Tyler
more than half a century ago, as a student of law in the University
It was thus given him to know, the commencement of the great career which here him along over the tide of popularity, and honored him with the highest positions in the nation's gift.
then proceeded to review Mr. Tyler
's career, making appropriate and feeling comments as he proceeded, applying to him the phrase by which the Romans distinguished persons who, by a combination of well tempered attributes, apparently received the protection of Heaven--‘"Nullum numen abest, si sit prudentia.
" ’ By a rare combination of prudence and good temper with his natural eloquence, he won the hearts of the people, and sounded all the depths and shoals of honor, and in every trust acquitted himself to the heartfelt satisfaction of his constituents.
After giving a sketch of his more recent career, Mr. Rives
noticed a remark made to him by Mr. Tyler
on the day before his death, that if it should be necessary for him to go home to recruit his strength, he wished that he (Mr. Rives
) would apply to the House
for leave of absence.
But, continued Mr. R., a higher power had granted him leave of absence, and released him from all sublunary attachments.
The scene reminded him forcibly of the expressive line in Grey
's Elegy, ‘"The paths of glory lead but to the grave."’ With an eloquent appeal to those left behind to carry on the great work of political reform to which Mr. Tyler
had devoted his energies, Mr. Rives
closed his remarks.
, Mr. Venable
of North Carolina
, and Mr. Rhett
of South Carolina
, each delivered an eloquent eulogy upon the character and public career of the deceased; after which the resolutions were unanimously adopted.
The President laid before Congress a communication from the House of Delegates, signed by Charles F. Collier
, Speaker protem.,
enclosing the resolutions adopted by the General Assembly on Saturday last, which were read by the Secretary
; whereupon Mr. Bocock
, of Virginia
, offered the following, which was agreed to:
That the communication just read be spread upon the journals of Congress, and that the Committee of Arrangements of this body be directed to invite the co- operation of the Committee
of the General Assembly of the State of Virginia
in arranging for the funeral of the deceased.
The President then appointed the following Committee of Arrangements:
- Mr. Bocock, of Virginia.
- Mr. Curry, of Alabama.
- Mr. Johnson, of Arkansas.
- Mr. Ward, of Florida.
- Mr. Crawford, of Georgia.
- Mr. Burnett, of Kentucky.
- Mr. Conrad, of Louisiana.
- Mr. Harris, of Mississippi.
- Mr. Bell, of Missouri.
- Mr. Smith, of North Carolina.
- Mr. Boyce, of South Carolina.
- Mr. Atkins, of Tennessee.
- Mr. Oldham, of Texas.
Congress then adjourned, to meet again to-day at 12 o'clock, for the purpose of attending the funeral.
In honor of Ex-President Tyler
will proceed from the Hall
of Congress at 12 o'clock to-day, under the direction of Col. Thomas H. Ellis
, as Chief Marshal
of the day.
It will move forward to St. Paul's Church, where the funeral sermon will be preached by the Rt. Rev. Bishop Johns
, of the Episcopal Church.
After the services in the church shall be concluded, the procession will again move forward to Hollywood Cemetery, where the remains of the deceased will be interred.
The following will be the order of the procession, viz:
the military selected for duty on the occasion.
- 2. the hearse, containing the remains of the deceased, attended by the following gentlemen as pall-bearers:
- J. W. Brockenbrough, Virginia;
- Robert Toombs, Georgia;
- R. W. Barnwell, South Carolina;
- John B. Clark, Missouri;
- Thomas B. Munroe, Kentucky;
- Jackson Morton, Florida;
- John M. Morehead, North Carolina;
- W. P. Chilton, Alabama;
- John Robertson, Senate of Virginia;
- James Neeson, Senate of Virginia;
- B. B. Douglass, Senate of Virginia;
- Thos. M. Isbell, Senate of Virginia;
- W. Newton, House Delegates of Virginia;
- J. T. Anderson, House Delegates of Virginia;
- Andrew Hunter, House Delegates of Virginia;
- W. T. Jones, House Delegates of Virginia;
The family of the deceased, and physicians attending upon him in his last illness, and Bishop Johns.
The Committee of Arrangements of Congress and the joint committee of the General Assembly of Virginia.
- 5. The President of the C. S. A.
The Vice President and Cabinet.
- 7. The Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and Secretary of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
- 8. The Judges of the Courts of the Confederate States, and of the State of Virginia, and the Attorney General of Virginia
The Congress of the Confederate States, preceded by their Speaker, and attended-by their Clerk, Sergeant-at-Arms, and other officers.
- 10. The Senate of Virginia, preceded by their President protem. and attended by the Clerk, Sergeant-at-Arms, and other officers.
- 11. The House of Delegates of Virginia, preceded by their Speaker and attended by their Clerk, Sergeant-at-Arms, and other officers.
- 12. The Clergy of the city, officiating for the Congress and Virginia Legislature.
- 13. Officers of the Army and Navy of the Confederate States.
The Mayor of Richmond and other City authorities.
- 15. The citizens generally.