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Progress of the war.

Latest from the North.
the Whereabouts of the "Sumter"--she Sinks three more vessels.

opposition in the Senate to Cameron's nomination.
&c. &c. &c.

We have advices from the North to the 17th and 18th inst. The news is not of any special importance, but such as we have appended will be found interesting:

The Confederate steamer Sumter--she Sinks three Yankee vessels.

Washington Jan. 17.
--A dispatch from Mr. Adams, the American Minister at London, to Hiram Barney, Collector of New York, states that the privateer Sumter has arrived at Cadiz, having sunk three vessels.

Capt. Palmer of the Iroquois, from whom the Sumter has several times escaped, has been ordered home.

The nomination of Mr. Cameron to Russia — of position in the Senate.

Washington Jan. 16.
--The executive session of Congress lasted three hours to-day. The nomination of Mr. Cameron was resisted by an organization of all the elements of opposition. It is understood that Senators Bright, Bayard, Kennedy, Trumbull, Grimes, and Hale spoke against the confirmation; and that Senators Sumner, Collamer, Wilmot, and other members of the Committee on Foreign Relations, and Senators Doolittle and Cowan, advocated it earnestly. The answers to the charges brought against the ex-Secretary were unimportant, and the close of the debate left him stronger than he was when the cabal was formed against him. His nomination will be confirmed tomorrow.

Interview of Gen. M'Clellan with the Congressional war Committee.

Washington Jan. 16.
--The interview of Gen. McClellan on Wednesday with the Congressional Committee on the War, is said to have resulted in satisfying the committee that the plans of the commanding General will surely effect the speedy suppression of the rebellion and the termination of the war. Gen. McClellan is now thoroughly restored to health, and will vigorously prosecute the campaign upon the safe and wise ground he has laid down for himself.

Important from Kentucky.

Louisville Jan. 17.
--The Munfordsville correspondent of the Journal of this city says the Confederates are driving cattle into the ponds and watering places on the route of the advance of the United States army, and killing them, so as to render the water unfit for drinking.

From Cairo and Paducah.

Cairo Jan. 17.
--Advices from Cape Girardeau state that the expedition which left here for Dallas and Bloomfield, returned this morning, bringing twenty-three prisoners, and among them Capt. Day, of Jeff. Thompson's army.

Reports from Paducah say that heavy cannonading was heard up the Tennessee river this morning.

Gen. Grant sent instructions to all the hospitals here to-day, to be in readiness at short notice.

Congressional proceedings.

Washington Jan. 17.
--In the United States Senate yesterday the resolution of the House, declaratory of the purpose of Congress to levy a tax sufficient to produce a revenue of $150,000,000, was adopted. It is not, however, believed that such a bill, requiring as it will so much nice discrimination and legislative wisdom in its adjustment, is likely to be soon passed.

Washington, Jan. 16.--The nomination of Chas. Henry Foster, a Marshal of North Carolina, and Watt, the President's gardener, as First Lieutenant, were rejected by the Senate in Executive session yesterday by acclamation, and almost a cheer.

Washington, Jan. 16.--Congress transacted a large amount of business yesterday. In the Senate, memorials for a naval depot at Grand Haven, on Lake Huron; that all disputes with foreign powers should be referred to some foreign power for arbitration; that the confiscated lands of rebels be given to soldiers; and that all fees and perquisites of office be abolished.

Gross army frauds at Washington — the Vanwick Investigating Committee.

Washington Jan. 17.
--The Government Contract Investigating Committee are now engaged upon the subject of the alleged frauds in this vicinity. They discover that the same horses have been twice sold to the Government; superintendents and inspectors have been bribed to certify to horses; sometimes seeling them to private individuals; that the enormous sum paid by the War Department for transportation has induced strong competition among railroad companies so that many Colonels in the West, moving their regiments East, have received from $1, 5000 to $2,000 bonus; that some settlers are making $3,000 profit per month; that nearly all the settlers south of the Potomac sell liquor with the knowledge of the officers; that it is smuggled in boxes marked ‘"Government with hospital stores,"’ or packed in barrels and marked ‘"beef."’

Among the subjects engaging the attention of the Van Wyck Investigating Committee are the conspiracies in beef cattle to enhance prices, by the assistance of men of straw, and of horse dealers to sell the same article several times to the Government, and the enormous abuses of the sutler system.

Interesting from Kansas and Missouri.

Leavenworth, Kan., Jan. 16.
--Brigadier General Denver left to-day for Western Virginia.

A continued guerrilla warfare is carried on in Johnson and Bates counties, Mo., by roving bands of rebels. A detachment of Johnson's command recovered a quantity of government stock and other property confiscated by the rebels.

On the 5th, in Johnson county, some Union troops were fired on from ambush and five men killed.

The Supreme Court of Kansas is now hearing arguments on the gubernatorial question. The attorney for the contestant filed a petition for a writ of mandamus to compel the State Board of Canvassers to count the vote cast for George A. Crawford for Governor at the late election.

From Fortress Monroe--the Burnside Expedition.

Baltimore, Jan. 17.
--The steamer Adelaide, Captain Cannon, which was due here yesterday morning from Fortress Monroe, did not reach the port until six o'clock last evening having been detained in consequence of a tremendous gale at Old Point. She left that place on Tuesday afternoon for Baltimore, but after going several miles deemed it advisable to return. The wind at Old Point was most violent, and it was dangerous for vessels to lie at the wharves.

The steamer Georgeanna, Capt. Pearson, came up this morning from Old Point, and reports an abatement of the gale, which, without doubt, prevailed with unwonted severity outside of the Capes.

There was no arrivals or departures at Old Point during yesterday, nor had anything been heard from the Burnside expedition.

There are still in Hampton Roads about two thousand men, which were intended for the Burnside expedition, but were unable to get out in consequence of running aground in the Chesapeake during a dense fog.

Amongst these is a full regiment of New York Zouaves, who are now aboard the ship John Tucker.

Several passengers came up in the Adelaide. They state that the people residing near the Sounds are under the impression that the Burnside Expedition is to operate against Norfolk and Gosport, by cutting off the railroad communication, and that the Confederate forces were awaiting their appearance with a spirit of courageous determination. They state further that all the women and children residing in Norfolk had received orders from the military authorities to leave that place.

Officers from Fortress Monroe state that a rumor prevailed there yesterday to the effect that the United States frigate Minnesota and Cumberland were preparing to make an attack on the batteries at Craney Island and Sewell's Point; but they did not credit it.

Important from Mexico.

From the Brownsville (Texas) Flag, of the 19th ult., we extract the following:

‘ By a private letter from San Louis Potosi, from a gentleman not liable to be mistaken, we learn that the French Minister, M. Saligny, had broken off all relations with the Mexican Government, and was to leave the City of Mexico on the 28th of November.--He had previously sent in his ultimatum to President Juarez, which was refused.

Col. Pickett, the Commissioner from the Confederate States to Mexico, was to leave in company with Mous. Saligny. The reason for the departure of Col. Pickett, at this important juncture in Mexican affairs, is not given, and we shall wait for it with some anxiety.

The Mexican Government has embargoed 150 wagons, to transport the military stores from Vera Cruz into the interior, as a measure of precaution.

The Mexican Government is anxious to arrange matters with England and France, and our informant thinks the difficulty will be adjusted with both of those powers.

President Juarez has no disposition to accommodate the Spanish demand, as he thinks that a war with Spain might have the happy effect to unite the Mexican people at home.

The Mexican people are facing by man of oppositions to the

invasion, and will no doubt make a grand fight on that platform.

We understand that large reinforcements of men, munitions, and artillery, are being forwarded from the interior to the assistance of Tampico, and that all classes of people are volunteering for the fight.

A great many Spaniards are leaving Mexico, under the impression that their lives would not be safe in the event of war.

The difficulty in Arizona.

From a private letter from Arizona the Austin Gazette gathers the particulars of the late difficulty between Col. Baylor and Mr. R. P. Kelley, editor of the Mousilla Times, in which the latter was seriously, if not fatally, wounded. The details given are as follows:

Baylor called to Kelly as he was passing his quarters, saying he wished to speak with him. Kelly said yes, and started towards him, drawing a bowie-knife from his bosom as he approached. Baylor, seeing this, stepped inside his door and seized a gun, with which, on the advance and attack of Kelly, he knocked the latter down, without attempting to shoot. He then seized Kelly and demanded that he should give up his bowie-knife; to which he replied "never." Baylor then shot him with his repeater, the bald entering his cheek and severing the "main artery" of the neck. Baylor was tried before the civil authorities and triumphantly acquitted.

The difficulty grew out of severe strictures made at different times, by the editor, in the Times, on the Colonel's incapacity for the duties of the position he held, and implications of probable cowardice and corruption.

Latest from Arizona.

From the Mesilla Times, of the 19th December, we take the following:

‘ The small-pox is prevailing at all points in the Mesilla valley, though generally in a mild form. It is prevailing to some extent among the Confederate soldiers, one company having twelve sick with the disease. Up to this date two have died in the army. The sick are provided with comfortable quarters, and receive every care and attention.

The party we spoke of last week as being in pursuit of the Indians, have since returned. They only discovered some six hundred head of sheep, on account of being misled by the wily savages. Finding themselves hard-pressed they divided the herd, driving the larger portion over the rocks up the mountains, while a solitary Indian drove the balance up the canon. The latter were mistaken for the whole drove by those in pursuit, and the ruse was not discovered until too late.

We are informed that a difficulty occurred between the Americans and Mexicans at Pino Alto, a few days since. In the fight a twelve-pound howitzer was used. Two Mexicans were wounded. Capt. Helm's company, the Arizona Guards, have been ordered to that point, and will start on the 16th.--There are few Americans at the mines, and among the Mexican population many Sonorians. The security against Indians which will be afforded by the company, will induce a large emigration.

Last Friday evening, about three o'clock, a Mexican train which was encamped just above Heart's Mill (in El Paso) was attacked by a party of Indians. The Mexicans in charge fled on their approach, leaving everything.--The Indians took the oxen (some one hundred head) and left in the direction of Dog Cannon. At last accounts forty Mexicans were in pursuit.

On Saturday morning a horse belonging to a Mexican in this city, and which was in a stable in "California," was found shot with Apache arrows.

Militia draft from North Carolina.

The following order has been issued from the Adjutant General's office to the several Colonels of militia regiments in the city of Raleigh, North Carolina, and county. It excites considerable attention:

Executive Dep't North Carolina,
Adj't Gen'l's office, (Militia,)
Raleigh, Jan. 13th, 1862.

You will forthwith assemble all the men liable to militia duty under existing orders in your regiment, and select by volunteering first and then by lot, one-third of the whole regiment, who will immediately equip and prepare themselves with their own arms, or the best they can procure, and be ready at any moment to march to any point which may be invaded. Substitutes will be allowed.

The Colonel, when the numbers will admit, will form the men thus designated into companies of not less than eighty, with one Captain, one First Lieutenant, and two Second Lieutenants, who shall be selected by him from among the officers of proper rank in the regiment; and when more than two companies go from a regiment, one of the field officers shall command them.

The companies, when ordered to march, shall carry with them what ammunition they can, and five days provisions.

Companies thus formed shall march at once on the order of seven (7) Justices, and report to any General C. S. A. who may have called for them, and you will report by letter to this office when they move.

Very respectfully,

(Signed) J. G. Martin,
Adjutant General.

From Port Royal — movements of the Yankees.

The Baltimore Republican, of the 18th inst., says:

‘ A dispatch from New York states that advices received from Port Royal states that an expedition towards Savannah is supposed to be in progress. Reconnoitering parties have proceeded beyond Tybee Island with apparatus for removing obstructions from the rivers and creeks south of the Savannah river. It was understood that the land forces would consist of ten thousand men, and Warsaw Inlet would be the first destination of the expedition.

Seizure of a Cuban vessel.

The New York Herald, of the 17th inst., has the following item:

‘ The brig Island Belle, from Trinidad de Cuba, bound to Baltimore, was seized by the U. S. steamer Augusta, a prize crew put on board, and the vessel sent to Philadelphia, where she arrived on Monday. No further particulars are known at this port. The capture was on the 31st ult. The Island Belle was bound from Nassau, N. P., ladened with sugar and molasses. When overhauled the Belle was about twelve miles southeast of Bull's Island light. The Island Belle was originally a Charleston vessel, known as the Gen. Ripley


From St. Louis intelligence has been received that the navigation on the Mississippi is entirely suspended by the ice. The troops are being sent to Cairo by railroad, but their advance is materially retarded by the inadequate means of crossing the river.

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