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War news.
latest from the North.
the great Burnside disaster.
&c., &c., &c.

From late Northern papers we make the following extracts:

The great Burn side disaster — latest by Northern papers of the 29th January.

We are unable to give many more facts in relation to this great Providential occurrence than was published in our telegraphic column yesterday morning. The Yankee Associated Press agent, writing from Fortress Monroe, gives an account of the disaster, which we condense into the following. Our dispatches published yesterday gives a correct statement of the names, cargoes, and value of the vessels lost and stranded.--Eleven other deaths, besides the three mentioned yesterday, have occurred since the fleet left Hampton Roads:

The expedition sailed from Hampton Roads on the 11th and 12th instants and consisted of 125 vessels of all classes. They arrived at Hatteras between the 12th and 17th, having been greatly retarded by severe storms and adverse winds which prevailed about that time. After their arrival they experienced a series of storms of such unparalleled severity that for two days in succession, on more than one occasion, it was impossible to hold communication between any two vessels of the fleet.

After the first storm, it was discovered that, instead of vessels drawing eight and nine feet being able to go over the swash or bars, as Gen. Burnside had been informed, no vessel drawing over seven and a quarter feet could pass into Pamlico Sound. No vessel either could pass the outside bar drawing over thirteen feet, unless skillfully piloted.

The water vessels had not reached their destination at last accounts, and had it not been for the condensers on board of some of the vessels and on shore, terrible sufferings would have occurred. As it was, the water casks were old whiskey, camphene, and kerosene oil caske.

It is thought that the Union pilots of Hatteras have proved themselves traitors, having intentionally run several vessels ashore.

One of the storms can only be described as terrific. The waters in every direction were covered with foam, the waves dashing with a clear sweep across the Hatteras shore, and completely cutting off the post from all outside communication. The current was rushing at the rate of five miles per hour, and the chop seas prevented Gen. Burnside from answering any of the signals of distress or communicating with his Generals. At one time flag would appear Union down on a number of vessels, indicating a want of water, coal or provisions.

Despite all these adverse circumstances, General Burnside has succeeded in getting over the bar one-half of his vessels, all the gun-boats, and seven thousand troops.

The large transports with the troops remained outside the bar until the arrival of the S. R. Spaulding, from Port Royal, on the 23d, when Capt. Howes volunteered to bring them all inside. This was accomplished yesterday afternoon.

Fair weather has now set in, and the schooners are making their appearance with water and coal, and everything looks promising.

Gen. Burnside is confident of ultimate success, and has the respect of every man under his command.

The only troops that have been landed are the 24th Massachusetts regiment and the Rhode Island battery. Col. Hawgins's regiment goes with Gen. Burnside's expedition, and their place will be supplied by the 6th New Hampshire.

Different statements are received at Hatteras from the surrounding population, in relation to the disposition and intentions of the enemy. Some who come in say that they are completely frightened, and will not make a stand.

Another report is, that large masses of troops will be concentrated in the vicinity; and still another story, confirmed by many, is, that their exertions will be directed chiefly to placing obstructions in our progress to Norfolk. The rebels keep a good look out for our movements with their gunboats.

Additional Particulars.

From the Baltimore Sun, of the 29th January, we find the following additional facts:

‘ The steamer Adelaide arrived at her wharf yesterday morning from Fortress Monroe.--She brought up five passengers from the South, exchanged through a flag of truce at Norfolk.

The steamer Pocahontas, with the Rhode Island battery aboard, went ashore and sunk, after thumping on the bar for several hours. Out of one hundred and nineteen horses on board only nineteen were saved; the battery was also saved. The Pocahontas, which is a total wreck, is well known at this port, having for years run between Richmond, Petersburg and Baltimore.

She was not burned, as previously reported, but is ashore. Her clerk and engineer came up in the Adelaide. She is ashore on the inside of Hatteras inlet, and in a precarious situation at low water. Persons can wade completely around her, but it is hoped she will be finally saved. Gen. Burnside speaks in the highest terms of the Louisiana as a sea boat.

The steamer Pocahontas belonged to the Powhatan Steamboat Company, of Baltimore. She was built in this city, and was about 550 tons burden.

The Grapeshot is owned in New York. Her value was about $18,000.

The steamer New Brunswick, of Portland, Me., is reported among the lost. She had the 6th Maine regiment aboard, about 700 in number.

A large Confederate force had been thrown into Newbern, N. C., and other points on the coast menaced by the fleet.

The Southern account.

The Newbern (N. C.) Progress, of Wednesday, says:

‘ The Albemarle left here Monday evening for Portsmouth, and returned last night after dark, and passengers by her report that the Ocrocoke people had learned through a Yankee, who came up to that place to get conveyance to Newbern, that a vessel had gone to pieces on the bar, and 300 men out of 500 aboard were lost, and that eighteen vessels in all have gone ashore since their arrival at Hatteras. Also, that there are about 140 vessels there, inside the bar.

Heavy firing has been heard at Hatteras for the last two days, supposed to have been done to raise the dead bodies of those that have been drowned to the surface, so as to procure them for interment.

Martial law in Missouri — Bridge Burns to be shot.

St. Louis, Jan. 28.
--The military commission assembled at Palmyra for the trial of the bridge burners, have found seven persons guilty, and sentenced them to be shot. Gen. Halleck has approved the sentence.

A gentleman from Palmyra reports that the Long bridge on the Hannibal and St. Joseph Railroad was burned by the rebels on Saturday night. The bridge had just been completed.

Reported defeat and capture of Jeff. Thompson.

Chicago, Jan. 28.
--A special dispatch to the Tribune, dated Cairo, says that rumors are rife that the expedition which left Bird's Point on Saturday, had a fight with Jeff. Thompson, and that he has been made prisoner. It was also reported that three Tennessee regiments had been intercepted on their march to Sykeston.

Latest from Kentucky.

Louisville, Jan. 28.
--Gen. McCook has arrived from Mumfordsville. He left all quiet.

What Jackson is doing.

Frederick, Md., Jan. 28
--Later intelligence from Williamsport shows that the report of shelling by the Confederates, at Dam No. 5, on Sunday, was correct, but no material damage was done. It was by a detachment of Jackson's command, probably for the purpose of testing our strength at that place.

Seizure of a Danish vessel.

Philadelphia, Jan. 28.
--The Danish bark Jurgen Lorentzen, Riemer, from Rio Janeiro, out 56 days, bound to Havana, but, in consequence of some informality in her papers, supposed to be bound to New Orleans, with a cargo of 4,800 bags of coffee, was seized on the 25th ult., in latitude seven degrees north, longitude 32 degrees, 30 minutes west, by United States ship Morning Star, and ordered to Philadelphia in charge of Lieut. Geraud and prize crew.

From the upper Potomac — Jackson concentrating at Charlestown — a Brush.

Sandy Hook, Jan. 28.
--This forenoon a squad of Ashby's cavalry made their appearance at Bolivar, accompanied by a section of artillery, which opened on company H. of Colonel Geary's regiment, stationed a mile and a half above Sandy Hook. Our Parrot gun and Enfield rifles silenced their battery, and drove the cavalry back behind a hill. At the latest accounts no rebels were in sight, except amounted picket stationed in a small woods near Bolivar.

General Jackson's main body is concentrating at Charlestown, and our informant says that great consternation exists among the rebels in consequence of the circulation of reports among them that out wholes division was about to cross over, and that Jackson ...

Strict Surveillance.

We take the following from the Star, of Wednesday evening:

‘ An order has been issued from the office of the Provost Marshal here, requiring hereafter all persons passing by stage or privates conveyance over the roads between the District and Port Tobacco or Leonardtown, Md., and the vicinity of those villages, to procure passes either from the office of the Provost Marshal, if going thither, or from the headquarters of Gen. Hocker's division, if coming this way; the said roads now being in military possession.

A Sharp Alexandrian.

This morning, about 3 or 4 o'clock, a squad of the Provost Guard went to the residence of J. Newton Harper, in Alexandria, with an order from the State Department for his arrest, but the bird had flown, and carried with him all the evidence of his guilt, if such existed. It is alleged that he was one of those engaged in the work of carrying, or forwarding, the mail on the underground railroad.

From Western Virginia.

Private advices from Virginia, received in Philadelphia, state that a considerable force of Federal troops are now occupying various points on the road beyond Cumberland. At New Creek and Piedmont more than seven thousand men are stationed, and business of all kinds is entirely discontinued. The Piedmont Savings Bank has suspended operations. Piedmont is the largest town in Hampshire county, though Romney, at which place several encounters have taken place recently, is the capital.

Fight at the mouth of the Rappanhannock river — Confederate Schooner burned.

A letter, published in the Philadelphia inquirer, written by an officer on board of the United States vessel blockading the Rappahannock river, says:

‘ On the 15th inst. the steamers blockading the Rappahannock river observed a schooner standing out of Thompson's creek. The Mystic was ordered to give chase, and succeeded in beaching the schooner, when the crew of the latter vessel deserted her, and made the shore in safety. Two boats were lowered from the Mystic, and the tars took possession of the schooner, when they were fired on by a party of rebels, some 500 yards distant, with cannister, apparently from a howitzer. The balls passed over them, and no one was injured. The Mystic then opened fire, and shelled the surrounding woods, covering the retreat of our boats.

The schooner was burned, and as it was getting late, the gun-boats returned to their station, at the mouth of the river.

No one on our vessel was injured.

The War tax in Congress.

Financiers at the North differ, it seem; upon the questions concerning the manners which the Government shall use their credit. Some are giving to the Government the exclusive right to issue a currency to the extinction of bank paper. It is quite certain that the banks will not accept the Treasury pain of buying Treasury notes for their circulation, simply because they have not capital enough to do so.

It is estimated that the amount of revenue necessary for the Government, if the war should cease on the 1st of July next, will be two hundred and fifty millions a year including a military and naval peace establishment, and the interest on the public debt, and a small sinking fund. The whole sun must be raised by taxation, direct and indirect, and, it is believed, that even the loyal States can sustain it. With a taxation of two hundred and fifty millions, a treasury note circulation of like amount would be supported, and it is contended that it will stimulate industry and afford facilities for business.

Taxing Government employees.

It is stated that the proposition of imposing a tax of ten per cent. upon the pay of the army, in preference to reducing the rates, meets with favor from officers and men, and will soon be introduced in Congress. It is also proposed to tax at the same rate the pay of all Government employees.

Movements of Federal vessels.

The United States brig Perry, which for some months past has been anchored just below Alexandria, fitting out for sea, was on Thursday night ran down past the Confederate batteries in tow of the Pusey. She was not fired at, and has arrived safely at Old Point.

The repairs to the Island Belle were finished on Saturday, and the took on board Gen Sickles and some officers of his brigades. She ran down past the rebel batteries on Saturday night without being fired at, and, after landing her passengers at Liverpool Point, laid by until Sunday night, when she returned to Indian Head. On her return last night six shots were fired at her, But none struck her.

Congressman Ely.

Ely arrived in town on Saturday evening, and will resume his Congressional duties in the House of Representatives to-morrow, important matters requiring his attention elsewhere to-day, to the disappointment of many visitors to the Capitol.

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