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Southern War News.

The following summary is made up from the latest Southern exchanges received at this office:


Abandonment of the Calhoun — a Suspected Captain.

A correspondent at New Orleans says that there are many sinister reports in circulation there respecting the recent abandonment of the Calhoun.

It is rumored that the Calhoun was unnecessarily abandoned — that her escape was not only possible, but easy; and it is a positive fact that the design to run her up the Mississippi river was an attempt which none of the many vessels that have gone from this port since the blockade was established have made; for such an attempt is almost certain to result in capture, although, as rumor has it, fortuitous circumstances, in this case, rendered success probable.

The master of the Calhoun is said to have been instrumental in abducting Juan Francisco Rey from New Orleans some 13 years ago, at the instance of Cuban authorities, for the purpose of compelling him to give evidence against Creole political offenders at Havana.


The enemy on our Border--Pikesville Surrounded by Yankees and prisoners taken.

The Abingdon Virginian, of the 7th, says:

‘ We learn from a Mr. Stone, who reached this place on Friday last, that the Yankee cavalry, which had been, as was thought, run out of the Sandy Valley by Gen. Marshall's forces, made an advance up Sandy river again last week, and succeeded in re-taking possession of Prestonsburg and Pikesville.--Several of the citizens of Prestonsburg, hearing of the approach of the enemy, escaped to Pikesville, but ere they had been there long, they discovered that the town was surrounded by the Yankees, who had come by the way of John's creek, and they were compelled to surrender themselves as prisoners of war.--We are sorry to learn that among these are several of our acquaintances, and men that will be a great loss to our cause in that section, viz:--Alexander Martin, (son of Hon. J. P. Martin,) Milton Frieze, Hugh Williamson, and a few others — in all, some six or eight.

After taking possession of Pikesville, the enemy, in cold blood, murdered Judge Wm. Cecil, an old citizen of the place, who had been previously wounded.

We learn also from Mr. Stone, that the enemy's force is in camp at Paintsville, and that they contemplate wintering there or at Prestonsburg, while their cavalry will plunder and steal in the border counties of Virginia.


Army portable flat-boat.

Mr. E. B. Stephen, of Charleston, has invented and completed a new portable army flat-boat, which has been highly commended by our military authorities. It is intended for the ferriage of troops, wagons, horses, &c., from point to point in crossing creeks, rivers, &c., and can very quickly be taken apart or put together at short notice. The form of the boat is to be that of a large flat, 30 feet long by 10 wide, capable of accommodating at one time from 60 to 70 troops, with their baggage, &c. It is put together with hinges and screw-bolts.-- Charleston Courier.


Promotion.

We are gratified to hear that Lieutenant L. Clark Leftwich, late of the Latham battery, and who is honorably mentioned by Gen. Beauregard for gallant and efficient conduct at the battle of Manassas, has been detached, by the special request of Gen. Ben. McCulloch, to go upon the staff of that distinguished commander, at Fort Smith Arkansas. Lieut. Leftwich has been commissioned First Lieutenant, and will rank as Captain on the staff--Lynchburg Republican.


The King.

The Charleston Mercury urges all planters to continue a fast hold upon all their cotton. It says:

‘ If we want arms, the best way (probably the only sure way, now,) to obtain them, is to compel foreign nations to break the blockade. If we want supplies of munitions of war and clothing for our armies, force the breaking of the blockade. If we want peace — success to our cause — hold on to every bag of our cotton until the millions in Europe, to whom it is bread and life, shall, by their sufferings and cries, compel their Governments to break the blockade and bring them cotton. This policy is now on the eye of victory.

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