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The Fort Donelson fight.

--A Nashville correspondent of the Memphis Avalanche, writing under date of the 13th, says:

‘ It was reported here last night that a fight of a most desperate character was going on at Fort Donelson, about 12,000 on each side engaged; but as yet it is not confirmed. General Johnson is falling back from Bowling Green. It is not known whether he will stop at Gallatin or come to Nashville. This movement is necessary, and no doubt very proper under the circumstances.

The enemy had left their position in front of Johnson, and evidently intended a flank movement, with the view of cutting off his communication.

I never complain of those in authority, particularly in the military — we must take it for granted that our Generals know what they are doing; but I think just at this time East Tennessee is in great danger from the Federal army. I know of no force to prevent an army marching from Kentucky into East Tennessee, and if they once get in there how are we to get them out? The passes between East Tennessee and Kentucky ought to be guarded at every hazard, and to the last extremity.

Some of Gen. Polk's friends are very indignant at the course Gen. Pillow has pursued towards him. I am satisfied the matter cannot rest as it is; but at present can say no more.

Nashville is all excitement; if we are whipped at Fort Donelson, it will be hard to hold Nashville. Some say the Federalists care but little about Nashville; that Memphis is the point they want above all others in this valley. So look out at Memphis.

Gen. Beauregard is reported to be at Bowling Green, at Columbus, &c.; look out, he will turn up at the right place, and at the proper moment. Beauregard is up to snuff in the military line; to use a common expression of the boys, he's lightning. So look out for him when the big fight comes off.

Since writing the above, a dispatch has been received from Gen. Pillow, dated at eleven o'clock to-day, in which he says: ‘"A general engagement along the lines with artillery commenced at five o'clock this morning. If I had two days more, I would have been in position to defend myself."’ This last part of the dispatch I do not like — it shows a want of confidence in the result.

Bowling Green was burned to the ground this morning by the Confederates.

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