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Capt. Patrick, of South Carolina, Major Means, and Mr. J. M. Steward, of Virginia, arrived in New Orleans on the 8th inst., from California. The Delta says: ‘ They informed us that the most intense feeling of sympathy for the Confederacy, and of opposition to the Northern despotism, exists among the Southerners residing in California. This feeling has been intensified by the persecution to which they are subjected. Many have been arrested, and all are closely watched. Were it not for the vigilant system of espionage which is maintained by the authorities, there would be a general exodus of Southerners from the country. It is gratifying to know that the spirit of opposition to the North and of sympathy for the South is general among the Southerners. There are no divisions — all, whether Marylanders, Virginians, Kentuckians Missourians, or citizens of the Cotton States, are united in sentiment. Nothing could keep any of them to California but the extreme difficulty of escaping. The gentlemen who arrived here yesterday managed to elude detection by pretending that they were going on an expedition to work the silver mines of Sonora. --They came down to Mazatlan on the steamer, and thence traveled across Northern Mexico to the Rio Grande. The journey was made on mules, in company, for a portion of the distance, with a merchant's train. The route lay through a difficult and dangerous country, in which they were beset with perils of various kinds; having often to encounter bands of banditti, which now roam the country at will — and sometimes the ferocious Apaches and Lipaus. They came through the several States of Sonora, Durango, New Leon, and Tama plisas taking in the towns of Durango, Parras, Stitillo, Monterey, Serralvo and Mier, in their route, and finally crossing the Rio Grande at Roma. Their overland journey extended to a distance of 1,700 miles. They left San Francisco on the 5th of December, and arrived here yesterday, having been at days on the road. We believe it is the desire of these gentlemen to enter the Confederate service. ’
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