From the North.
Federal operations on the coast.
We are enabled to present to our readers the official reports of the naval operations on the coasts of Georgia
, received at Washington
a few days ago:
Official report of Com Dupont.
Flag Ship Wabash, off St. John's Fla., March 19, 1862.
I had the honor to inform the Department, in my communication of the 13th inst., that I had dispatched a division of my forces to Brunswick
, under Commander S. W. Gordon
, consisting of the Pocahontas
and the Potomac
The vessels crossed the St. Simon
's bar on the 8th instant, and anchored at sundown within two miles of the forts commanding the channel.
On the following morning, commander Gordon
, with his division, moved past the batteries, which he soon discovered had been abandoned, and immediately sent Lieut Commanding Batches with the armed boats to take possession of the batteries on St. Simon's Island
, and Lieutenant Henry Miller
, of the Mohican
, with a suitable force, to take possession, of the works on Jekyl Island
On St. Simon's Island
there were two batteries, consisting of strong earthworks, and so arranged as to command the approach to St. Simon's sound
There were twelve embrasures and numerous well-constructed magazines.
No guns were mounted, but a ten-inch shot found near indicates the calibre of some of them.
On Jekyl Island
were two batteries of much greater strength, however.
The one far best seaward, and commanding the main channel, was a bomb-proof work, constructed of palmetto logs, sand bags, and railroad iron
, well supported and braced from the interior with massive timbers.
It had mounted three casemate guns, though these, with their carriages and all the ammunition, had been removed.
The other battery, five hundred yards landward, consisted of two casemates and an earthwork capable of mounting four guns on barbette, and a magazine and a hot-shot furnace were attached.
Both St. Simon's
and Jekyl Islands
had been deserted.
After examining the batteries the vessels passed up the Sound
, and anchored off the town.
A fire was observed near the wharf, which proved to be the railroad depot and the wharf, the work of the retiring soldiers. --Lieutenant Commanding Balche
, with a large force, covered by the guns of the Potomac
, landed at Brunswick
without any show of opposition, and hoisted the American
flag on the Oglethorpe House
The town was entirely deserted, and nearly all the property which could be removed had been taken away.
The lenses belonging to the light house at St. Andrew's, and the light house at St. Simon
's (the latter building having been destroyed by the Rebels
), could not, after a careful search, be discovered.
The channel buoys which were formerly in the river are still there, but out of place.
Proclamations were posted on several public buildings, urging the inhabitants to return to their houses, and promising protection to the property of all good citizens, and the landing party then retired to their vessels Northing
was removed from any of the houses, the men under Lieutenant Batche
's command carefully abstaining from a jarring or taking away the private effects on the inhabitants.
I enclose a copy of Commodore Gordon
's interesting report.
United States Steamer Mohican, Off Brunswick, Fla., March 10, 1862.
I have the honor to report that in obedience to your order of March 5th, I left Fernandina
on the morning of the 8th, accompanied by the Pocahontas Lieutenant Commanding Balone
, and the Potomac
, Lieutenant Commanding Warmough
, and crossed Fernandina
but with just water enough to comfortably float this ship; made the best of my way to as Simon
's bar, and reached it at deal low water, passing it and getting into St. Simon's channel, through which it carried about seventeen feet, to within two miles of the forts, which we could plainly use, commanding St. Simon
Here at sundown, I anchored for the night.
After dark I shifted the anchorage of the ship to alter the range of any guns that might be after in the batteries.
At daylight made preparations to pass the batteries, and at sunrise weighed anchor and stood in soon discovered that the batteries were evidently abandoned, and anchored my little force in side and beyond range of the guns, and made signals to land from vessels.
Commanding Balche, of the Pocahontas
, with three gunboats, took possession of the fort on St. Simon's Island
, consisting of strong earthworks of considerable extent, and having had eleven guns mounted.
Some solid 10-inch shot, found in the fort, would indicate the calibre of some of the guns these.
, of this ship, at the same time occupied the portion Jekyl Island
, which was, it seems, a much stronger position.
It was a sandwork with five casemates flashed, covered with railroad iron
and very well build, and two unfinished casemates, the iron rails ready to be put up. These two forts commanded the channel or a long distance, and their fire crossed the entrance, which is about a mile, or a little more, wide.
Once the batteries were passed, they could offer but little difficulty, as in five minutes the guns of all the vessels could have enfiladed them, and could even fire directly in the rear; but they would have given a number of vessels severe trouble in getting beyond them.
I enclose the report of Lieut. Miller
; of the fort on Jekyl Island
As soon as the boats returned I went on board the Potomaka
, and proceeded in her up the river to Brunswick
So soon as we opened the town to view, a heavy fire commenced at the wharf, and at the same moment perceived the railroad cars moving at full speed in the woods.
I at once determined to bring up the ships and place myself off the town, in hopes of preventing by my presence the place from being burned, and I at once returned in the Potomaka.
As I had the pilot with me, both the Mohican
were under way before I reached them, and was proceeding to Brunswick
, off which place I anchored as the sun went down.
The cars had returned, but again started at our approach.
The Pocahontas anchored opposite the town, but outside of Buzzard Roost Island
, the Potomaka still higher, and her guns commanded the railroad beyond the town.
The following morning I sent the Potomaka into the branch opposite the town; neither this ship nor the Pocahontas
can well get in, as at high water only 12 feet were found in the bulkhead, and between the wharf and Buzzard Roost Island
the river is but about 400 feet wide.
With the Potomaka, Lieut Barche
took charge of a landing party, consisting of 25 marines from this ship and the Pocahontas
, and the two 12 pounder guns, with 40 fill men from the different vessels, landed and hoisted the flag.
The place was deserted, and most of the furniture of the houses removed.
Still there was much private property about — some in scows on the wharf ready to be removed.
After a care on examination of such buildings as might be supposed to contain public property, and a careful survey was had, I visited the town and then, directed the command to return to the ship, having posted a none urging the inhabitants to return, and promising protection to all property for all good citizens.--Nothing in the place was touched by the landing party, and such houses as were not open were not even entered.
I sincerely hope that at least some good citizens may be found willing to resume their some under my public notice, and I shall not allow the place to be visited except on duty.
The fire we notices was the work of retiring soldiers, and proved to be the railroad depot and wharf.
The lenses belonging to the lighthouse were not found.
The channel buoys for the river are in the river, but out of place, and the light-house destroyed.
The town is closely surrounded by woods, is generally well built, and extends over a considerable space.
Several contrabands have come on board.
Soldiers are said to be in the woods not very far distant, and most of the inhabitants are said to be about fourteen or sixteen miles back, encamped.
I have sent the Potomaka and Pocahontas
up the river as far as they could go to reconnoitre.
There is a schooner of considerable size on the stocas, unfinished.
Fires have been burning about us, but I believe it is the brush being consumed; not have I noticed, as far as the people are concerned, that they are willing to follow the advice of Messrs. Toombs
by placing the torch in the hands of the children to consume their property.
All that is done in that way seems to be done by order of military commanders, who, having no local interest in the neighborhood of their commands, have the heroism to consume the property in which they have no immediate interest.
Flag Ship Wadash, Off St. Jabbin, Fla., March 20, 1862.
I have to inform the Department indt.
I have heard from Commander Gordon
of a dastardly and concealed attack made upon a boat's crew of the Pocahontas
As I have informed the Department.
Lieutenant Commanding Balche
visited the town of Brunswick' without anywhere discovering an enemy.
A reconnaissance had also been made for some miles up Turtle Creek
, with the same results; the rebels apparently fled into the interior.
On the afternoon of the 11th instant, Assistant Surgeon A. C. Rhords
, of the Pocahontas
by permission of his commanding officer, landed with a boat's crew near the town, for the purpose of procuring some fresh beef for the ships.
Having accomplished his object, the boat was returning to the Pocahontas
, but had scarcely gone twenty yards from the beach when they were suddenly fired upon by a body of rebels concealed in a thicket, and I regret to report that two men. John Wilson
ordinary seaman, and John chaser, ordinary seaman, were instantly killed, and seven wounded--one, William Dilasey
, mortally, and two seriously, namely; William Smith
, second first class fireman, and Edward Bonsell
After the rebels had fired their first volley, they called cut in most offensive language to surrender; but this demand was refused by Dr. Shoats
, who, with the assistance of Acting Paymaster Kitchen
and H. Kitchen
and his wounded boat's crew, pulled as rapidly as they could towards the Pocahontas
, the enemy continuing their fire.
In a few minutes a shell from one of the eleven-inch guns of the Mohican
dropped among them, and quite near to another company of about sixty men, who were advancing rapidly--
He rebels scattered and find in all directions.
Several shells were also fired at a locomotive and train observed in the distance, it is supposed with effect.
Throughout this cowardly assault Doctor Rhoads
displayed great coolness and courage, and in his report of the occurrence, whilst commending the crew generally, he especially mentions the bravery displayed by Danish Harrington
, landsman, into which I shall make further inquiries.
I am, sir, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant, S. F. Dupont
, Flag Officer
South Atlantic Blockading Squadron. Hon. Gideon Welles
, Secretary of the Navy
General Shields's account of the battle of Kernstown.
The Federal Gen. Shields
has furnished an account of the battle of Kernstown
, which the Northern
papers call "informed," and they might have added, grossly exaggerated.
After giving a brief description of the skirmish with Ashby
's cavalry, on the 22d in which he was struck by a fragment of a shell, which broke his arm above the elbow, injured his shoulder and otherwise damaged him, Gen. Shields
"About eight o'clock in the morning (Sunday) I sent forward two experienced officers to reconnoiter the front and report indications of the enemy.
They returned in an hour, reporting to enemy in sight except Ashoyts force of cavalry, infantry, and artillery, which by this time had become familiar and contemptible to us. Gen. Banks
, who was yet here (Winchester
) in person, upon hearing this report, concluded that Jackson
could not be in front, possibly, or be decoyed away so far from the main body of the rebel army.
In this opinion I, too, began to concur concluding that Jackson
was too sagacious to be caught in such a trap.
therefore left for Washington
His staff officers were to follow the same day by way of Centreville
Knowing the crafty enemy, however, I had to deal with I omitted no precaution.
My whole force was concentrated and prepared to support Kim
ball's brigade, which was in advance.
About half-past 10 o'clock it became evident we had a considerable force before us, but the enemy still concealed himself so adroitly in the woods that it was impossible to estimate it. --I ordered a portion of the artillery forward to open fire and unmask them.
By degrees they began to show themselves.
They planted battery after battery in strong position, on the centre and on to flanks.
Our artillery, responded, and this continued until about half past 3 o'clock in the afternoon, when I directed a column of infantry to carry a battery on their left flank, and to assail that flank, which was done promptly and splendidly by Tyler
's brigade, aided by some regiments from the other brigades.
The fire of our infantry was so close and destructive that it made havoc in their ranks.
The result was the capture of the guns on the left, and the forcing back of their wing on the centre, thus placing them in a position to be routed by a general attack, which was made about 5 o'clock by all the infantry, and succeeded in driving them in flight from the field.
Night fell upon us at this stage, leaving us in possession of the field of battle, two gone and four caissons, three hundred prisoners, and about one thousand stand of small arms.
Our killed in this engagement cannot exceed one hundred men, wounded two hundred and thirty three.
The enemy's killed and wounded exceed one thousand.
The inhabitants of the adjacent villages carried them to their houses as they were removed from the field of battle Houses between the battle field and Strasburg
, and even far beyond, have since been found filled with the dead and dying of the enemy Graves
have been discovered far removed from the road, where the inhabitants of the country buried them as they died.
in pursuit of the enemy beyond Strasburg
afterwards, found houses on the road, twenty-two miles from the battle field, filled in this manner and presenting the most ghastly spectacle.
The havoc made in the ranks of the rebels has struck this whole region of country with terror.
Such a blow had never fallen on them before, and it is more crushing because wholly unexpected.--Jackson
and his stone-wall brigade and all the other brigades accompanying him, will never meet this division again in battle.
During the night they managed to carry off their artillery in the darkness.
We opened upon them at early light next morning, and they commenced to retreat.
returned from Harper's Ferry
between 9 and 10 o'clock A. M., and placed himself, at my request, at the head of the command, ten miles from the battle field pursuing the enemy.
Reinforcements, which we had ordered back from Williams
's division, and which I had ordered forward during the night, now came pouring in and with all these we continued the pursuit, pressing them with vigor and with repeated and destructive attacks as far as Woodstock
, where he halted from mere exhaustion.
The enemy's sufferings have been terrible, and such as they have nowhere else endured since the commencement of this war; and yet such were their gallantry and high state of discipline that at no time, during the battle or pursuit did they give way to panic.
They find to Mount Jackson
, and are by this time no doubt in communication with the main body of the rebel army.
I hope to be able in a few days to ride in a buggy and place myself at the head of my command.* * *
[The same paper from which we copy the foregoing unwittingly convicts Gen. Shields
of falsehood, by giving the number of Yankees killed and wounded at a much higher figure; and when the boasting Federal officer states that the Confederate
loss in killed and wounded was 1,000, he knows himself that he lies.]
A specimen of Yankee letter Writing.
C. C. Fulten
, editor of the Baltimore American
, communicates the following to his paper from Fortress Monroe
We could scarcely believe a man guilty of uttering such silly falsehoods except on the plea of ignorance:
I learn from Norfolk
that the military stationed there from the Gull States
have been very severe on the Virginia
chivalry since their defeat at Roanoke Island
Even the Richmond Blues, the very pink of the chivalry, have fallen in estimation, and no one is willing to do honor to the prisoners relieved by General Burnside
All award bravery to O. Jennings Wise
, but his father has so fallen in public estimation that he is proclaimed on the streets of Norfolk
as a coward and poltroon.
In his escape from Nag's Head
she rode thirty miles on horseback, notwithstanding he had previously reported himself to be too ill to remain on Roanoke Island
at the head of his command.
now rank together as "the fleet-footed." giving a new interpretation to the F. F. Vets
, as signifying "Fleeted Footed- Virginians
!" by informant assures me that Wise
would be if he were to appear in the streets of Norfolk
He has retired to his farm in Princess Anne county, branded in public estimation at a braggart and coward.
The estimation in which Floyd
is held in Virginia
is scarcely less enviable.
His military escapades in Western Virginia
has damaged his reputation, and his last seat of legerdemain at Fort Donelson
has finished his military standing throughout the entire South
So may it be with all the leaders of this unholy rebellion.
Let them meet with the scorn of those whom they have deceived and ruined.
A Fortress Monroe
letter (dated March 31) says:
The British war steamer Rinaldo
, which for several weeks past has been anchored outside our fleet off the mouth of the Chesapeake
, got up steam this morning and proceeded to a new anchoring ground, midway between the Fortress and Newport News.
This strange proceeding — for strange it is — deserves an explanation.
The point this steamer is now anchored is directly in the way of our fleet in case the rebel steamer Merrimac
essays to come out from Norfolk
Again, the anchorage ground marks the turn in the ship channel diverging to Newport News and, to this point — an excellent guide for the Merrimac
in case she Lakes a night attack.
To an inquiry made of one of the officers of the Rinaldo
, after the change of that vessel's anchorage, he replied that "It was done in order to have a good view of the next battle between the Merrimac
and the Monitor
."--Who told him that there was to be another fight between these vessels?
Did the commander of the Rinalco receive official information from the British Consul
The commander of the French steamer Catinat
, which arrived here last week, is also guilty of a palpable breach of naval etiquette.
On his arrival he first anchored outside of our fleet, and subsequently steamed to a point about a half mile south of the Government wharf
and cast anchor, so as to put his vessel a short distance from and outside the Monitor
, thus obscuring the view from the latter of Elizabeth river
, Sewell's Point
, and other points necessary for the latter vessel to watch against rebel encroachment.
One week has elapsed since this occurred, and yet the commander of the French steamer has not seen proper to move his vessel out of the way of the Monitor
, so that the latter can have an unobstructed view of any movements of the rebels.
Reports from "contrabands."
The New York Herald
, of the 2d inst., has a letter from Newport News, from which we extract the following:
Runaway slaves continue to come in to our camp almost every day. On Friday three boys belonging to Robert Saunders
, a large farmer living on the Yorktown
road, made their escape from Mulberry Island
, where they had secreted themselves for over two months.
They state, as their reason for running away, that one of their comrades, who had been twice guilty of the crime of visiting his wife on Sunday, had been shot dead, and that they themselves had each received 50 lashes for breaking the laws once.
The slaves are made to walk on the fortifications Sundays and week days alike, and when they are unable to work any longer, they are sent to Richmond
and sold off to the cotton States.
A smart little negro boy fifteen years of age, who came in yesterday, gave a good deal of valuable information about the fortifications as and around Williamsburg
He also related some laughable anecdotes about General Magruder
, under whom he was served as waiter.
The gallant General is still as liberal as ever in his personal allowance of grog, and it is no wonder that his men complain because they are entirely cut off from the use of it.
Guerilla warfare — the Yankees in Nashville, Tenn.
[Correspondence of the New York Herald.]
Nashville March 19, 1862.
is likely to suffer as much from the guerilla style of warfare practiced by the rebels as did Missouri
ere General Halleck
took command in that State.
It is to be hoped the policy pursued by him in Missouri
will, with the same promptitude and completeness, rid us of the same class of gentry now doing so much havoc among our men and the public property in the State
I wrote you in regard to an achievement of John Morgan
's, on a Sunday morning or two since, and have now to record another equally dashing and brilliant, and more successful, foray on the part of the same rebel cavalry officer.
This man has won quite a reputation for daring, by several exploits, such as destroying bridges and shooting pickets.
He nearly succeeded in capturing a General.
He attacked a party of scouts under Capt. Wilson
, and killed the Captain
He rushed into the camp of the same regiment and carried off a train of wagons, which were recaptured, however.
He attacked the pickets of another party a few days since, and killed a corporal and two privates.
Yesterday he indulged in an appearance in our rear, and actually entered the town of Gallatin
, twenty six miles north of the city.
is a point on the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, and is important from the fact that much of our supplies come via it.
, with about forty men, appeared in the town during yesterday morning.
I was not advised of the precise hour, but it is understood to have been early in the morning.
As the place was undefended, it was a small matter to seize upon it, particularly as it is said to be full of sympathizing secessionists, who would aid him all it was possible.--On entering the town, Morgan
immediately seized upon the telegraph office and the depot.
he waited for the down train from Louisville
, with the mill and George D. Prentice
aboard, but fortunately the train did not arrive.
A construction train was captured, together with an extra locomotive.
The locomotives were fired up, and when a full head of steam had been turned on they were started loose, and, lunching together, both were blown up and destroyed.
A large depot building graced the town, but does not now. Morgan
destroyed it and its contents.
Five Federal officers who were returning to Louisville
were also captured.
In this new exploit there is left no room to doubt that the rebel Captain
has been materially aided by the rebel sympathizers in this city as well as in Gallatin
There is no doubt of the prevalence of a Southern sentiment here, which is so strong as to lead the persons holding to those ideas to indulge freely is the treasonable and dangerous projects of aiding these men. The rebellion has been too profitable to Nashville
I will endeavor to show how in a future letter.
Their interest bound them to the Confederacy
, and that is the strongest inducement with which it is possible to tempt nature to be base.
has been too kind.
Good men have not been rewarded, nor have bad men been punished.
The people laugh at General Buell
's efforts to conciliate.
They treat him and his men with open disdain and scorn.
The lines are too loose.
A wholesome fear would benefit them.
We want here a little more of the stringency of General Halleck
I see no remedy for the harshness here but a little less coaxing and more punishment.
Within the last few days, since the movement South
became general, the people have been particularly impudent and offensive.
Men do not make any demonstrations publicly, but it is plain by whom women, girls, and boys are pushed in to offer the grossest insults to officers and men. Any one of the demonstrations made by the ladies would appear ridiculous if mentioned, but it is certain that, though harmless, their actions are very aggravating to the men, particularly as the whole army has been careful to appear, if not in reality, polite as my Lord Chesterfield.
Let me mention an instance of the me us employed by her fair dames of Nashville
to insult our officers.
Some of our Generals
were standing yesterday on the sidewalk in front of the St. Cloud Hotel
.--While they were conversing a couple of ladies in full dress of gandy colors, approached, followed by a great fat dirty and slovenly negro wench.
As the ladies neared the General
they changed from line of battle and marched to a single file, although there was plenty of room.
At the same time they carefully drew their dresses a side, to prevent their coming in contact with the Generals
--ten feet distant--and placed their handkerchiefs upon their diminutive usual organ.
The negro wench had been well and it was with the most serious force and admirable delivery that she drew her hoopless skirt to one side, and put a great red bandana to her nose.
One General scratched his pate with a puzzled air; another swore in approved Claim in style, while a third appeared to enjoy the joke of the ladies, and anger and chagrin of his friends.
Skirmish on the Florida coast.
The Washington Star
says that the gunboat Bienville
has arrived from St. Augustine
with the bodies of Captains Rudd
, who were killed by the "rebels" at Mosquito Inlet on the 21st of March. They went ashore in a gig, and were fired upon by a party of rifleman.
The two officers and eight men were killed, and two taken prisoners; embracing the whole boat's crew.