's report — Doings at the --news from the South
below the official report of General officer who commanded the Federate the battle of Shiloh
It will be while he claims a "success" at the second day's fight, he is forced to heavy disasters, and so far from there was any panic among the troops, confesses that they order,
while he was unable to.
McLane, Adjutant General
's of the Mississippi St. Louis
--It becomes my duty again to battle fought between two great contending for the maintenance Government ever devised, and the destruction.
It is pleasant to of the army contending for principles.
morning our pickets were driven in by the enemy.
five divisions stationed at this drawn up in line of battle to meet battle soon waxed warm on the varying at times to all parts It was the most continuous firing and artillery ever heard on this and was kept up until night.
When having forced the entire line to nearly half-way from their camps to at a late hour in the afternoon a effort was made by the enemy to and get possession of the land seaports, &c.
was guarded by the gun boats Captains Gwyn
and Shir commanding, with four 20-pounder and a battery of rifled guns.-- a deep and impassable ravine for cavalry, and very difficult for this point, no troops were except the necessary artillerists, infantry force for their support moment the advance of column a part of the division Nelson
, arrived, and the two General both being present, an advance immediately made upon the point of the enemy were soon driven back.-- much is due to the presence of Tyler
, and their Captains Gwyn
the night the division under Gens.
New Wallace, at Crumple Landing, was ordered at an early hour morning to hold his division in readily moved in any direction to which it was ordered.
At about eleven o'clock was delivered to move it up to Pittsburg
owing to its being led by a circuit did not arrive in time to take part action.
the night all was quiet, and feeling moral advantage would be gained being the attacking party, an advance as soon as day dawned, and the the gradual repulse of the enemy of the line from 9 till probably 6 the afternoon, when it became the enemy were retreating.
the close of the action the advance J. J. Nord
's division arrived in time in the action.
was too much fatigued from two fighting and exposure in the open drenching rain during the inter night, to pursue immediately, and the in cloudy and with heavy rain, the roads impassable for artillery morning.
, however, followed the finding that the main part of the retreated in good order.
Hospitals wounded were found all along as far as the pursuit was made.-- of the enemy and many graves found.
herewith the report of General , which will explain more fully of the pursuit and the port taken separate command.
I cannot take notice in this report but will do so when the reports of the division are handed in.
Huell commanding in the field distinct army, long under his which did such efficient service, by himself in person on the field, better able to notice those of who particularly distinguished than I possibly can.
a duty, however, to a gallant and Brig.-Gen. W. T. Sherman
, to mention, that he not only was in command during the entire of the action, but displayed great judge skill, and management of his men, severely wounded in the hand on day, his place was never vacant.
He wounded, and had three horses under him.
this mention of a gallant officer management is intended to the other commanders--Major-Generals John
A. and Lew Wallace
, and Brigade-Generals
, B. M. Prentiss
, E. L. Wallace
— all of whom main their places with credit to themselves Gen. Prentiss
was taken Prisoner the first day's action, and Gen
. W. H. place was severely and probably wounded.
His Assistant Adjutants General Wm. McMichael
, is missing, and probably taken prisoner.
* * * * *
The country will have to mourn the loss of brave men who fell at the battle of or Shiloh
, more properly.
loss in killed and wounded will in a day or two; at present I can it approximately at 1,500 killed and wounded.
of artillery was great — many pieces disabled by the enemy's shot, and some all their horses and many men. There probably not less than two hundred killed.
loss of the enemy in killed and left the field was greater than ours.
In an estimate cannot he made, as of them must have been sent to Corinth
The enemy suffered terri demoralization and desertion.
of truce was sent to-day from General Beauregard
I enclose a copy of the correspondence.
I am, respectfully,
Your obd't servant, U. S. Grant
for the abolition of slavery in the of Columbia
was signed by President Lincoln
on the 16th of April. In his announcing the fact, he says he has desired to see the National Capital
from the institution in some satisfactory .
debate on the Confiscation bill, Senate well, of Kentucky
, argued that the that and other measures of the session destroy slavery in the States.
He that in one instance ninety slaves had best through Baltimore
's to Philadelphia
, and that forty five belonging to a loyal citizen of Kentucky
had been sent by military authority to The military arm was used to take to the free States, and without the which were made to the return of future slaves by military officers to their own
interesting scene occurred in the U. S. Representatives on the 16th, while making an appropriation of thirty dollars to enable the Government
to the two and three year volunteers was consideration.
, of Mass.
, said it would be to have some friend give a information as to where this thirty was going.
There were, he knew, regiments, composing all officers, their pay, and not in active service.
Vallandigham of Ohio
, said it was, to rumor, not to meet a deficiency, provide for a defalcation in the War
, of Mo.--I ask the gentleman to name of his informant.
, (rising very excitedly,) figures should be five hundred and -two thousand men. He wanted to what authority the gentleman from made his assertion, and whether men into this House and put difficulties way of the Administration.
claimed the floor, and the gentleman to order.
If stealing is of the Administration it is called to call it to account.
It was asserted stealing was going on; this rumor he and it was not to be met by the treason.
, (very much excited.)--I deny
.--I do not yield the the gentleman is entitled to no
excitement on both sides of the House
, of "order, order."
, resuming, remarked was rumored that Secretary Chase
had to Pennsylvania
to confer with the of War, Cameron
, with regard to
, of Penn.
, wished to reply — but--
.--I do not yield.
The gentleman is entitled to no courtesy from me. The gentleman's manners (Covode
's) were not of such a character as to entitle him to such a courtesy; and that, instead of meeting the charge as it ought to have been met, he (Covode
) indulged in threadbare and infamous insinuations.
The time had gone by for all that.
No man could thus now be silenced.
, of Mo.
, asked the gentleman (Mr. Vallandigham
) whether he was responsible for the charge he had made.
replied that he stated it as a rumor, implying a charge against the Department.
He wanted information to show the necessity for the passage of this bill.
, of Mo.
, said the remarks against this measure were unreasonable.
said enough had been disclosed by the investigating committee relative to frauds to justify him in referring to rumors of this kind.
It would not do for the friends of the Secretary of War
to put on the garb of virtuous indignation after the mass of evidence produced by the Committee
on Government Contracts.
, of Mass.
, thought the proper authorities ought to furnish some information upon which Congress should act. Nobody could fall to see in the streets of Washington
men who ought to be with their regiments, who were after the first drafts upon the Treasury.
The Committee then rose and reported the bill to the House
, with recommendation that it pass.
The bill was then passed.
Late Northern papers contain full accounts of the bombardment and surrender of Fort Pulaski
, which, it seems, was preceded by the following correspondence between the Federal
commander and Col. Olmstead
--I hereby demand of you the immediate surrender and restoration of Fort Pulaski
to the authority and possession of the United States
This demand is made with a view to avoiding, if possible, the effusion of blood, which must result from the bombardment and attack now in readiness to be opened.
The number, calibre and completeness of the batteries surrounding you, leave no doubt as to what must result in case of refusal; and as the defence, however obstinate, must eventually succumb to the assailing force at my disposal, it is hoped you will see fit to avert the useless waste of life.
This communication will be carried to you under a flag of truce by Lieut. J. H. Wilson
, United States Army, who is authorized to wait any period not exceeding thirty minutes from delivery for your answer.
I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient servant, David Hunter
, Major General
--I have to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of this date, demanding the unconditional surrender of Fort Pulaski
In reply I can only say that I am here to defend the fort, not to surrender it.
In the two days bombardment, according to the Northern
accounts, the Confederates
had one man killed and four wounded, and the Federals
had one man killed.
It will cost the Yankee Government
$50,000 to put the fort in the same condition of defence it was previous to the engagement.
The number of prisoners taken by the enemy is 860, including the commander, staff and line officers.
The Yankee writer says that "the troops in the fort marched out and stacked their arms, and the officers surrendered their swords and small arms to Major Halpim
, with a few remarks as they laid down their weapons.
The officers were greatly chagrined, of course, at the result, but talked as boldly and defiantly as ever."
Terms of capitulation.
The following are the terms of capitulation agreed upon for the surrender to the forces of the United States
of Fort Pulaski
, Cockspur Island, Georgia
- Article 1.--The fort, armament, and garrison to be surrendered to the forces of the United States.
- Article 2.--The officers and men of the garrison to be allowed to take with them all their private effects, such as clothing, bedding, books, &c.; this is not to include private weapons.
- Article 3.--The sick and wounded, under charge of the hospital steward of the garrison, to be sent under a flag of truce to the Confederate lines, and at the same time the men to be allowed to send any letters they may desire, subject to the inspection of a Federal officer.
The document was sent to the district commander, and accompanied by the following communication from the General
of the attacking brigade:
--I have the honor to transmit herewith the terms of capitulation for the surrender to the United States
of Fort Pulaski, Ga.
, signed by me this 11th day of April, 1862.
I trust these terms will receive your approval, they being substantially those authorized by you as commander of the district.
The fort hoisted the white flag at a quarter before two o'clock this afternoon, after a resistance since eight o'clock yesterday morning to the continuous fire of our batteries.
A practice his breach in the walls was made in eighteen and a half hours firing by daylight.
I have the honor to be, very respectfully,
your most obedient servant, Q. A. Gilmore
Be of good cheer.
The article which we copy below from the Milledgeville Union
is worthy the consideration of every citizen of the Confederacy
There is nothing in the signs of the times to discourage any true man in the South
So true, loyal citizen, who entered into the revolution with the determination to fight through it, no matter what the cost, will be discouraged by anything that has happened in the last few weeks.
If a city is taken here, and a town there; a defeat at one place, and a surprise at another; if a fort is surrendered and the garrison taken — these, we admit, are heavy blows; but they are as straws against a mighty current — they do not impede the revolution, which goes on, and will go on, while there is an army in the field around which to concentrate the millions of brave hearts that will yet press on to the struggle.
Taking towns may have been a captivating idea with the Yankees
; but they have already found it not worth the candle.
Already they have left several places, which they could not keep without a garrison; and to garrison the thousands of cities and towns that might fall into their hands would prove an expensive job. We say also to our people, keep your temper.
Don't abuse your Generals
and officers because they may do some things which appear strange to you. But, above all, we most earnestly caution our people against abuse of their Government and those who are in authority.
They are placed there by the people, and they must be fully aware of the great responsibility they are under to their constituents.
Moreover, they have much at stake, more than any of us, because their lives, their honor, and their responsibility to God, all rest upon the manner in which they discharge the sacred trust confided to their keeping.
We should be slow to blame, because we cannot, at our distance from headquarters, understand the circumstances which control the action of our authorized agents.
We do not regard our President
, or other officers, as above suspicion or criticism; but this is not the time to question the wisdom or patriotism of those who have been selected by the people to direct the affairs of the country.
We hope to see the press refrain from unjust or harsh criticisms at this time.
We are all in the same boat — the storm beats upon all with equal fury, and threatens all with the same late.
Before we are safely through, it would be well to trust in God and keep our faith strong and firm in the helmsman who directs the ship.
The last Loans in the battle of Shiloh.
A Texas Ranger, who was wounded in the skirmish the day after the grand battle of Shifton, communicates to the New Orleans True Delta
the following authentic account of the affair:
Two hundred Texas Rangers, under command
of Major Harrison
, acting as a rear guard to our army, together with about one hundred cavalry from Colonel Adams
's and Colonel Forrest
a regiments, (the number from each I do not know,) discovered the enemy in force of one regiment, and one battalion of infantry and three hundred cavalry, about one or one and a half miles beyond Michie
's (or Micky's) house, on Tuesday afternoon. The enemy had thrown forward their infantry battalion, deploying skirmishers and sharpshooters in a deserted encampment, about two hundred yards from our cavalry, which had been formed in line of battle in an old field.
The order was given and the charge was made upon the battalion, which, after a sturdy resistance of two or three minutes, broke and fled in confusion.
The enemy's cavalry had been formed in line of battle an hundred or two yards in rear of the battalion, and upon seeing the battalion broken, they fled also and formed again in rear of the regiment of infantry, which had also been drawn up in line of battle about the same distance behind the cavalry.
The fight lasted perhaps five or six minutes, when the rally was sounded for our troops who formed again on their original line.
I give it as the opinion of myself, as well as many others engaged in the fight, that we killed and wounded forty to fifty of the enemy.
We captured between fifty and sixty prisoners, whom we double quicked to Gen. Breckinridge
's headquarters in a hurry.
I think that their regiment of infantry and their cavalry also fired upon us, but they were never engaged Some of the boys charged clear through all three of their lines and returned safely; but no charge was made upon their cavalry.
Our loss was about three killed and eight or ten wounded.
Among those conspicuous for their gallantry in the battle of Belmont
, was private Croly
, of the New Orleans Continent
is, who had his right hand shot off in the thickest of that bloody struggle.
He returned home, and, although mutilated, was elected to a lieutenancy in his company, and before his wound was healed he started for his regiment, and reached it a few days before the bloody battle of Shiloh
In that action he was again one of the bravest of the brave, and in leading a charge his left hand and forearm were shot off, thus completely mutilating him. He was in New Orleans a few days ago, but still determined to return to his regiment as soon as his wounds are healed.--He is confident that, though he can no longer wield a musket or a sword, his presence in the hour of peril will inspire his gallant comrades in arms, the "Continentals," to further deeds of noble daring.
The Mississippi Valley.
The army correspondent of the Mobile Register
, writing from Memphis
, April 12th, is disposed to take a discouraging view of affairs in that direction.
We copy a portion of the letter:
The condition of affairs up the Mississippi river
is by no means satisfactory.
The reduction of Island 10
, though anticipated, is a very serious blow, and will be followed soon, I fear, by the fall of Fort Pillow
There would be no difficulty in holding the river against gunboats alone, but the case is very different when there is a large co-operating land force.
I need not refer to the deplorable consequences that would follow the fall of Fort Pillow
; they will readily occur to the mind of every intelligent reader.
Five of the enemy's gunboats and three mortar boats proceeded to Fort Pillow
Sunday morning, the 13th, and opened fire upon the garrison.
The bombardment continued without results up to 10 o'clock, at which hour the courtier left.
Firing was heard here as late as 2 P. M. by persons who were out on the river, and again on yesterday, (Monday.) The town is full of wild rumors — some of them going so far as to state that the fort has fallen.
I hear, also, from sources supposed to be entirely reliable, that a considerable body of men has been landed by the Federals
above Fort Pillow
, on the Forked Deer river
The transports were enabled to ascend the river some distance, owing to the high stage of the water.
The forces there landed will doubtless seek to invest the Fort
by land, and will co-operate with the gunboats on the Mississippi
, as you have heretofore been informed, is situated just above the mouth of the Harchie river, and is seventy miles above Memphis
by water and thirty by land.
The enemy is moving out also from the lower Tennessee
, through Paris
, across the country towards the Mississippi
They destroyed the depot buildings at the Henry Station
, on the Memphis
road, on Saturday, together with five car loads of Government stores.
Their intention is supposed to be to occupy that part of the State
lying above Fort Pillow
and between the lower Tennessee
rivers, and gradually to advance on Memphis
Founding the Yankees across Port Royal Ferry.
The Charleston Mercury
, of the 24th, says:
We have received authentic intelligence from Pocotaligo
, fully confirming the statement brought us on Tuesday by our special "Reliable Gentleman," and mentioned in our issue of Wednesday.
The facts are these: Early
on Tuesday morning Capt. Leake
, of the fine Virginia battery, went to Port Royal Ferry with two field pieces, and fired into a small house on the farther side of the river, which was known to be occupied by the enemy's pickets.
Eight rushed out and fled.--Several shots were fired after them, and some of Capt. Leake
's men say they saw the Yankees
pick up and carry off one of their number, whether killed or wounded is not known; nor is it known whether any were killed in the house.
We copy the following from the Gloucester Point
letter of April 22d, in the Lynchburg Virginian
I have just returned from a tour of observation down the river, a report having reached us about midnight, that fifty vessels were anchored in the mouth of the bay below here, and that a number had gone up a creek near us at this place.
We found the bay full of any number of small craft, but the only war vessels in sight were those that had annoyed us so much here for some days past, viz: the steamers Penobscot
, and Wachusett
, with a small gunboat or two.
These vessels have been unusually quiet to-day, not having honored us with a single shot.
They are continually signaling with the enemy on land, and visitors to our camp from the Yorktown
side, represent unusual activity all along the enemy's lines.
We may have something to do between this and morning.
It is amusing to rend the Yankee
accounts of what we are doing here.
The Yankee papers make a great flourish about "having driven he rebels from a new battery they were erecting in the woods, three miles below Gloucester Point
," &c., &c. Now, there is not a word of truth in the above.
A detachment of cavalry have just crossed the river, en route
, on the Rappahannock
They represent that the Yankees
have cut a pitch from Warwick river
to York river
, thus opening water communication all along their lines, and securing for themselves a water front behind which they can fall whenever hard pressed.
When we take into consideration the sandy nature of the soil here, and he vast resources of the enemy in men and horses, this statement is not at all improbable.