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The War in New Mexico.

--A correspondent of the St. Louis Republican, who is decidedly of Yankee proclivities, writing under date of Fort Union, New Mexico, April 18th, says:

Colonel Slough, after the battle of Apache Canon, fell back and took a position at Bernal Springs, forty-five miles south of Fort Union. This was deemed a strategical point, being within supporting distance of Fort Union, in a position to harass the enemy and form a conation with Colonel Canby when be should leave Fort Craig, three hundred miles south. He had been there one day when Col. Canby sent from Fort Craig his Assistant Adjutant General with peremptory orders to Col. Stough to fall back with his column to Fort Union, which were immediately obeyed.

It would seem that we crippled the enemy in the fight at Apache Canon more than was believed at first. We have reliable information that we killed over a hundred men, including six officers, and wounded over two hundred.

We have now as prisoners at Fort Union 21 officers and 82 privates. The enemy immediately fall back to Santa Fe, and is again, it to believed, concentrating in his old position at Albuquerque.

Yesterday an express arrived from Colonel Canby, stating that he would leave Fort Craig on the 31st of March. The enemy is in the vicinity of Albuquerque. With ordinary travelling Colonel Canby is in their immediate vicinity, and for our column, one hundred and eighty miles from Albuquerque, will only leave this morning, he will be unsupported by this column, and, with nine hundred Regulars, will have to encounter their forces unless he can slip by and join the column which leaves here this morning.

It is understood that Kit Carson, with a regiment of New Mexican volunteers, seven hundred strong. Will remain and garrison Fort Craig.

It is removed that Colonels Steel and Bailer, of the rebel army, are advancing into New Mexico with 300 additional men.

Important events will probably occur before the next Express leaves for the States.

A well authenticated report has just reached here that the Texan forces, 2,000 strong, are entrenching themselves at Santa Fe, and that Colonel Canby, having strengthened his command up to 1,200, is fifty miles south of Santa Fe. This may enable our two columns to set together, and make us 2,400 strong. If this is the case we will have one of the bloodies battles on record. The enemy's artillery numbers about eighteen pieces, while ours is twelve pieces.

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