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Impending Battles.The New York Herald, whose editors seem to regard themselves complete masters of strategic science, continues to solve the knotty problem of the war with as much self-satisfaction as it is possible to imagine. In its issue of April 28th that paper lays down the programme of the campaign as follows: ‘ A great battle at Corinth, Mississippi, and another at Yorktown, Virginia are imminent, and the news of the deadly clash of arms may reach us at any moment from either of these places — from which of them first it is almost impossible to say. Though the news we published yesterday from St. Louis and Chicago would indicate that Halleck will probably have the start of McClellan, no one can tell what a day may bring forth in Virginia. One of those battle scenes lies in the northeast corner of the rebel Confederacy, and the other in the southwest. Our Generals will probable move to the attack at both points nearly at the same time, in order to prevent either of the rebel armies reinforcing each other. The intelligence of yesterday from Cairo stated that on Thursday a skirmish took place between the advance guards of the rebel and national troops between Pittsburg Landing and Corinth, and the rebels were driven back towards the latter point, whilst Gen. Halleck was pushing his whole army vigorously forward. The dispatch informed us that Mr. Stevenson, of Danville, Ill, who accompanied the advance towards Corinth, says he heard the constant rattle of cars and the sounding of steam whistles towards Memphis, and concluded that the rebels were retreating there. The conclusion does not logically follow from the premises. The rattle of the cars and the sounding of the steam whistle would rather indicate that reinforcements were arriving at Corinth from Memphis. The same sounds were heard before and during the battle at Manassas, and turned out to be the indications of troops arriving from Winchester and Richmond. When the rebels want to steal away, they don't make so much noise. We have no doubt, therefore, that Van-Dorn's force has arrived, and that a bloody battle is approaching at Corinth, if it has not already taken place. Beauregard may this time await the attack, taking advantage of his stronghold to aid him against superior numbers and the superior skill of Halleck. It is said that battle was offered the rebel General at Pea Ridge, six miles from Corinth, but he declined, though our troops, after surprising one of his camps there, and driving in his advance, waited the onset of his main body from eleven o'clock till three, at which time there were no signs of the enemy. Terrible will be the slaughter when these two armies, numbering over 250,000 men, meet in battle array. The indications in Virginia are that a great battle may take place at any moment at Yorktown. But it is hard to tell whether the enemy will await the blow preparing for him by Gen. McClellan at Yorktown, or whether his wily strategy will prompt him to parry it by a feint, and strike suddenly with his main force at McDowell or Banks, meantime throwing such obstructions in the way of McClellan's advance as will prevent his taking part in the battle. Upon the result of these two battles hangs the rate of the rebellion. If the rebels should win both, their drooping spirits would be revived and the war would be prolonged indefinitely. If they should even win one battle, it would enable them to hold out for some time longer. But if they lose both, then it is admitted by their own journals that there is nothing left for them but guerrilla warfare; and we need scarcely say that this amounts to nothing when it is not in aid of large bodies of regular troops in the field. It can only annoy and harass at best. It can achieve no important result. It is admitted, too, that the seacoast and the forts will soon be all in our hands. There is nothing left, therefore, for the rebels but submission if they are whipped in the two impending battles. We learn that all the Southern railroads have been seized by the Confederate Government, and that they rely on a new railroad from New Orleans, through Texas for 700 miles, to bring them supplies of beef and corn, and probably arms and ammunition, by way of Mexico.--But as the road is not yet constructed, and laborers are only now being advertised for, this device will be too late for their purpose — too late even for the retreat of the defeated leaders to Mexico. From the perfect arrangements made by our Generals, we have no doubt that they will defeat the enemy in both battles, and in a short time the rebellion will have received the two fatal blows from which it can never recover. ’
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