News of the War.We made up the following summary from into Southern papers received at this office!
The affair on James Island.The Charleston Courier obtains the subjoined particulars of the recent fight on James Island, from Col. Williams, of the Forty-seventh Georgia regiment: The advance of the Forty-seventh Georgia was intended more as a reconnoitering movement for the purpose of ascertaining the strength and position of the enemy, and what they were doing. Being ignorant of these particulars, and of the nature of the ground, and not expecting to meet the enemy where they did, three companies were thrown out as skirmishers, and the balance of the regiment, under Col. Williams, held in supporting distance. The first scouts came out of the woods and reported no Yankees to be seen. The entire woods was then ordered to be searched. On returning the party reported finding a camp and several spades, and evidence of the commencement of a well in the woods. From the appearance of the work it was supposed about twenty men had been engaged in digging the well, had overheard our advanced party and retreated. The order was again given to scour the entire woods, and our men again moved forward. A few moments after entering the woods the fire of musketry became general, and Col. Williams quickly moved up with the balance of his regiment. The skirmishers had engaged the enemy, and were firing at a considerable disadvantage. They had gained the field on the enemy, however, on the left flank, and were pouring into them volley after volley. Col. Williams fearing their being cut off, drew his men back into the woods and arranged them in line of battle, throwing but his own flankers to prevent surprise and the flanking of his right. It was then determined to discover the enemy's location, and strength by a bold movement, and endeavor to drive them off. As our men advanced they discovered the foe behind a breastwork of fallen trees.--They had made a clearing before this work of some thirty-five or forty yards, over which our men had to advance, and were exposed to a most deadly fire. Our men moved on, however, and a desperate struggle ensued, which resulted in driving the enemy from their fortification. The Georgians were all good marksmen, and every volley told with terrible effect upon the enemy's compact column. Their artillery was next brought into play, and on a signal from their ranks the gunboats also opened upon the little band of Georgians, and they in turn were compelled to evacuate the breastworks they had taken. Upon our troops leaving the works another signal went up, and the gunboats ceased firing, and the enemy's troops again took possession. Our men were eager for another charge, but the darkness rendered it difficult to distinguish friend from foe, and a retreat was ordered. They picked up as many of the wounded as possible under the circumstances, and withdrew. In the attack they were charged also by the enemy's cavalry. It was therefore found impossible to cut off any portion of their troops. Colonel Williams and his Adjutant were the last to leave the field, and not until every man that could possibly get away was brought off. There was no confusion among the men, every order being implicitly obeyed, even while under the most galling fire.
Yankees have taken possession of Memphis. We learn from the Avalanche, of the 7th inst., that six gunboats were frowning upon the city, and the Stars and Stripes floated from the Post-Office. It was supposed that the immediate command of the city would devolve upon Col. Fitch. now acting Brigadier. The strong friends of the Confederacy, who were able, as well as many business men who took no part, had left, fearing to trust their business in the hands of the Yankees; also all the banking institutions and their officers, Confederate soldiers, and commandant of the post, Provost Marshal, Postmaster, telegraph operators, many of the best physicians, its most able, most admired men and women had left. Not only is Memphis extra civilian in its population now, but also in its possessions. All arms, all munitions of war, the very sinews of war — the banks — all down to the last pound of commissary bacon, and the last pint of commissary flour, have been removed, and the leavings in civilian possessions themselves, are also of the meanest. But two papers are left, the Appeal having been moved to Grenada, Mississippi where it will be continued.
Foreign Intervention.The Columbia Guardian has the following sensible editorial: ‘ The rumors of foreign intervention in American affairs are becoming quite numerous. We have from the North, by a gentleman who arrived in Memphis, that France had already recognized the Confederacy, and a similar report comes from Havana. A passenger at Mobile, from New Orleans, reports that rumors were rife in that city that England and France had actually intervened in American affairs, and Lincoln was given to the 5th of June to make answer to the propositions. We place but little confidence in these reports, and little attention should be paid to them. We fear that many of our people still cling to the idea of foreign aid in our struggle, in the face of the facts that reach us from abroad. Should mediation be proposed, it may be upon terms as would be sufficient cause of rejection by our Government; and any delay, through an armistice or temporary cessation of hostilities, would assuredly be made good use of by our enemies, without any corresponding benefit to us. After all, our true reliance is on ourselves, and we are convinced that it would be preferable to any peace that would lay us under obligations to foreign powers, which thus far have shown but little sympathy or friendship for our cause. ’
Yankees at Pensacola, have arrived at Greenville, Ala., and the Observer gets from them the following information: They represent the dwellings of Hon. S. R. Mallory, (Secretary of the C. S. Navy,) Mrs. Dalles, and our own, as seized and polluted by occupation by these miscreant invaders. Major Chase's residence is their headquarters. They have also taken possession of our printing office, and say that they are going to commence the publication of a Federal sheet soon. We regret exceedingly to learn that which was seriously feared when we left Pensacola; that some of those who had been so clamorous in their exultation for the secession of the South have turned their coats and become base and damnable traitors. Some of them were even volunteers in the beginning of the war, and may well remember that the day of retribution and wrath will surely come.--Their fortunes and their homes are in Pensacola, and when the South shall be redeemed from her present difficulties, and the glorious Stars and Bars float triumphantly and independently in a Southern breeze, (a day not far distant,) these snakes in the grass, these Judas Iscariot, these worse than Arnold traitors, will have to flee to a Northern den for safety, or the wrath of a noble, independent, and outraged people will apply the hemp to their traitorous necks.