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Confederate Congress.

Friday, October 3, 1862.

Senate.--The Senate met at 11 o'clock A. M.--Prayer by Rev. Mr. Woodbridge, of the Episcopal Church.

Mr. Clay, of Ala., submitted the following resolution:

Resolved, That a committee of thirteen Senators, or of one from each State, be appointed by the President of the Senate, whose duty it shall be to take, or cause to be taken, in such manner and form as they shall prescribe, the testimony in relation to such outrages, and after making report at such time as they shall deem proper, the report and the testimony shall be deposited in the Department of Justice, and that the objects of this resolution may be attained the committee shall have power to send for persons and papers. Referred.

Mr. Sparrow, from the Committee on Military Affairs, reported back House bill to authorize the establishment of camps of instruction, and to appoint officers to command the same. The bill was passed.

Mr. Semmes, of La., from the Judiciary Committee, to whom was referred a message from the President representing that the revenues of the Post-Office Department would be inadequate to meet its expenses as required by the Constitution, without a reduction of the postal service. The report expresses the opinion that the Government may make a loan to the Post-Office Department, provided the general credit of the Government is not pledged for the reimbursement of the loan. Such a loan would be a very proper investment for all trust funds in the hands of the Government. The report was laid upon the table.

Mr. Mitchell, of Ark., from a select committee, to whom was referred House bill to reorganize and promote the efficiency of the Medical Department of the Provisional Army, reported back the same, with the recommendation that it pass. After some debate the bill was passed, with an amendment.

The Senate passed a bill fixing the penalty of death on any U. S. soldier, commissioned or non- commissioned, who shall attempt to pass, or be found in possession of, counterfeit Confederate notes.

The amendments proposed by the House, to the Senate bill authorizing the President to organize divisions into army corps, and appointing Lieutenant Generals to command them, were concurred in.

The House bill providing that the Chief of Ordnance shall hereafter have the rank and pay of a Brigadier-General was passed.

Mr. Preston, of Va., submitted a resolution to rescind the resolution heretofore adopted for the adjournment of Congress on Monday next. The resolution was laid over until to-morrow, (Saturday,)

Mr. Sparrow, of La., from the Committee of Conference, to whom the Exemption bill was referred, presented a report recommending the concurrence of the Senate in certain House amendments, some with modifications of phraseology, and recommending the concurrence of the House in said modifications of their amendments to the bill.

The report of the committee was agreed to.

Among the amendments thus incorporated in the bill is one exempting postmasters appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate, and such clerks in their officers as are allowed by the Postmaster General.

Another, exempting employees of newspapers whom the proprietor will certify upon oath to be essential to the publication of the same.

Another, exempting one person, either as agent, owner, or overseer on each plantation on which one white person is required to be kept by the laws or ordinances of any State, and on which there is no white male adult not liable to do military service, and furthermore, for additional police for every twenty negroes on two or more plantations within five miles of each other; and each having less than twenty negroes, and on which there is no white male adult not liable to military duty, one person being the oldest of the owners or overseers on such plantations.

After disposing of this subject, the Senate went into Executive session, and adjourned about five o'clock, P. M.

House of Representatives.--House met at 11 o'clock.

The Chair laid before the House a communication from the President, transmitting the report of the Secretary of War in response to resolutions of the House in relation to engagements that have taken place since the adjournment of the last session of Congress. Referred. Also, a communication transmitting estimates of the Postmaster General for expenses of that department. Referred to Post-Office Committee. Also, a communication from the main offices in relation to the cause of the the Secretary of the Treasury in reference to the war tax of the State of Louisiana. Referred to Committee of Ways and Means.

Mr. Chambers, of Miss., from the Committee on Military Affairs reported a bill to encourage the manufacture of clothes and shoes for the army.--The bill was considered and passed us reported from the committee.

Mr. Miles, of S. C. from the Military Committee, reported back a bill supplemental to an act entitled an act further to provide for the public defence, adopted April 16th, 1862. The bill was agreed to.

Mr. Miles also reported a bill to amend the act for the organization of the Staff Department of the Army, passed March 14th 1861. [The bill provides for the addition of an Assistant Adjutant-General to the Adjutant-General's Department, with the rank of Colonel.] The bill was agreed to.

Also, reported back a bill to secure the payment of bounties due deceased soldiers to their widows or other legal representative, and asked to be discharged from its further consideration, the law already providing for the payment of such bounty.

He also reported back certain joint resolutions to prevent the escape of persons guilty of treason, and to provide for the removal of disloyal persons, and asked that the committee be discharged from their further consideration, and that they be referred to the Committee on the Judiciary.

The House then, in Committee of the Whole, (Mr. McRae, of Miss. in the chair,) took up the bill making appropriations for the executive, legislative, and judicial expenses of the Government for the month of December, 1852. The bill was passed with slight amendments.

The House, remaining in Committee of the Whole (Mr. Curry, of Ala., in the chair,) took up the bill to raise revenue, known as the Tax bill.

Mr. Lyon, of Ala., addressed the House in favor of the committee's bill. Something, he said, was necessary to be done, some scheme resorted to, to save our Government. He was startled, as was he whole House, at the declaration of the gentleman from Tennessee, (Mr. Foote,) as much as if he had discovered the law of perpetual motion size the fact that we could prevent the paper currency from depreciating and sustain our enormous circulation. He was opposed, utterly, to making Treasury notes a legal tender, both on the ground of unconstitutionality and inexpediency. He was, however, in favor of punishing those who refused to receive them.

Mr. Boyce of S. C., opposed the bill. It was not constitutional, nor expedient. It was a proposal for a forced loan. He should move, at the proper time, to recommit the bill to the Committee of Ways and Means, with instructions to prepare and report to this House a system of comprehensive taxation.

Mr. Johnson, of Va., was in favor of the bill, unless something better could be provided, for bad as it is ire thought it better than any scheme which had been suggested. The people, during the fervor and excitement of the war, would, willingly submit to taxation, especially when the Government furnished the means of paying that tax. The profits of labor were never so great in this country as now, and there was not such opposition to taxation as may be supposed. This scheme was infinitely better than military impressment.

Mr. Bridges, of N. C., obtained the floor, but yielded to a motion for the committee to rise; and the committee rose and reported progress.

Several bills from the Senate were taken up and acted upon, after which, at 4 o'clock, the House adjourned.

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