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American affairs in Europe.

The steamer Hibernia has arrived with Liverpool dates to the 3d inst. It is stated by the Paris correspondent of the London Times that ‘"It is reported in political circles that the British Government is no longer so entirely averse to the recognition of the Southern Confederacy as it has hitherto been it is understood that there is a probability of the question becoming shortly the subject of deliberation in ministerial circles."’ The subjoined address, says the London Times, to his Excellency Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States of America, has been signed at Brussels by eminent men of almost every nation in Europe, in the hope, perhaps too sanguine, that it might have some influence in terminating the terrible war now raging in America. We much fear that the philanthropical object which these gentlemen have in view will be marked by disappointment. The following is the document:

Sir — A number of the members of the Association for the Promotion of Social Science, now assembled in Brussels, and representing most of the European States, venture to address the President of that great people in the Western World whose progress and prosperity they cannot but feel the deepest interest.

The melancholy strife which is now raging and devastating so large a portion of the North American continent has in its origin and progress given irresistible proofs of the energy and excitement with which the opposing sections have contended for the opinions and principles which each has advocated. Now, we fairly doubt the sincerity of both; but it is not the purpose of this friendly communication to wound the susceptibilities of either. Blood enough has been shed; treasures enough have been poured out; and it is in the hope that the prayer hitherto but too faintly uttered, but which, nevertheless, represents the almost unanimous sentiment of your European brethren — the hope that the prayer for truce — for peace may find a concurring response in the Western world, that we venture to breathe it from this side of the Atlantic.

We dare not propose to a people so self-supported, so advanced in civilization, whose feelings, however strongly incited, cannot be uninfluenced by the course of events and the teachings of experience — we dare not propose any particular modus procedendi by which the grave question and difference may be pacifically solved; but if a suspension of hostilities could be obtained as a preliminary measure, time might be given to consider by what instrumentality the present disastrous conflict might be brought to an end. If the will exist — which we would not for a moment doubt — the means may be found more practicable than they at first appear. The whole civilized world would rejoice in so happy a consummation; and if we can in any way contribute towards it, we shall indeed not have appealed in vain to patriots and Christians. [Here follow the signatures, which are numerous.]

The Times says that the rebel army has sustained a disastrous defeat in Maryland, but that does nothing but bring the contending armies to an equality. The cause of the North is not advanced a single step by their unexpected victory. It says the rebel army retired in good order, and fully maintained its reputation for courage and determination.

The London Globe, commenting on the battle in Maryland, says:

‘ "Unfortunately, these campaigns do not bring the war any nearer to a conclusion."

’ The Post admits that the position of the rebels is not so good as it was at the commencement of September.

The Star thinks that the restoration of the prestige of the Northern army will be a sufficient incentive to fill up the ranks with fresh volunteers, and there will be no necessity for drafting.

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