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We cannot live together.

Archbishop Hughes, in a speech which he made to the Irish Bishops, declared that the unity of the States was the vital object of the present struggle.--unity under the present Government, or, if that could not be accomplished, unity under the Southern Government was preferable to dissolution.--This, we believe, was substantially his declaration, though we have not now his speech before us, and the same idea has been expressed by several other northern men.

There are those who put no faith in those stowalz, but we are inclined to think that they are sincere and that rather than give up the benefits of the Union, the North would be willing to be whipped, and unite again upon such a Constitution as the South would procure. The London Herald seems to labor under apprehensions of the possibility of such a result and justly concludes that if the South was not safe under the old Constitution, it never could be under any framed by human hands. The South never asked a better Constitution than the A. A. American Constitution, and yet it proved impotent to have her from the spirit of New England fanaticism. Her rights were every day violated with impurity and her institutions threatened with overthrow, more gradual, but as inevitable as that which Marcela has openly proclaimed.

No paper however and wounded, can bind men was proved themselves faithless to all upper engagements, and who have parried with the crown origins under the old Constitution, and the propose of despairing their neighbors of eight guaranteed by that instrument. After, are assistance to the past we might safely deny the wise of man, to frame a Constitution which Parliament Ingenuity, greed, and fanaticism would not subvert. Nor, after the sacrifices which the south has suffered of Northern hands, could she be of consent of her own free will to live under the same Government with that people. The blood of our murdered children would cry from the ground against their fathers if they could ever be guilty of such unnatural and monstrous ingratitude. If the South has given her blood without a murmur to this contest, it is not because she does not value that blood, but because she values freedom more than life, or any earthly profession. Precious, more precious than ought else save her honor, are the jewels she has laid upon the altar of liberty, and never can she consent to shake hands again under one Government with men who have made so many vacant places in Southern households, and whose steel is dripping with the blood of our brethren and children.

Henceforth we are two people. If conquered, it forced into provincial vassalage, we must bear our condition with such fortitude as we may. To that which is inevitable, to that which involves no culpability of their own, the best and bravest, men may submit. But to voluntary debasement, to willing paternity with the robbers and murderers of our people — never, never. The South has an ambition to govern the North. She is fighting for no such object. She only asks now what she asked at the beginning, to be let alone. We desire not to make slaves, subjects, or fellow citizens of deadly enemies. We must live apart.

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