An English view of "Colonies, Republics, and Slavery."
Whatever may be the opinion of the course pursued by the British Government.
it is very gratifying to see the generous course of the British press
towards us, which, with the exception of the Exeter Hall
organs — such as the News, Star,
and two or three others — are the warm advocates of our cause, and are constantly and steadily doing all that they can to sustain and cheer us in our struggle for independence.
The London Dispatch,
of the 21st, has a most interesting article on the war in America
, a portion of which we transfer to our columns:
There is no form of mendacity more pernicious in its consequences, or more insidious in its temptations, than that which imposes pious frauds on society.
The sanctification of means, by consideration of their ends, is a vice inherent in religious people; and no offenders have been more shameless in this regard than the abolitionists of America
and the anti slavery (‘ "Claphan Sect,"’) persuasion in England
Their lecturers, their travellers, their talkers and tourists, their historians and novelists, have seen in slave countries, and as the effect of slavery, phenomena which the slightest reflection would contradict and be lie. Every man at all well read — any one, indeed, who can but read his Bible — knows that slavery has been the normal condition of human society, and that it has been found compatible with, to have been even promotive of power, wealth, civilization, nay, even humanity.
The Scriptural nations, the very patriarchs, all were slaveholders — Sparts, in the glory of its purity and virtue; Athens
, in the zenith of its glory in arts, arms and literature, had a vast majority of their subjects ‘"held to labor"’The Jewish
law of Moses
is full of provisions for the making, transfer and manumission of slaves.--The Tenth Commandment tells us not to covet our neighbor's man-servant, or his maid-servant, in the very same category as his ox and his ass.--Rome
conquered the world, and civilized it,
under a dispensation of slavery.
The West India
Colonies flourished while slavery prevailed.
They went to ruin, both of white man and black, the day they were empaneled.
All the experiments that have been tried of the self
elevation of the colored races, or, indeed, of even white races of aboriginal savages, by manumission or colonization, have been conspicuous failures.
King Lincoln calls the negroes together to tell them that their contiguity is odorous to his subjects, and that they must clear out for Central America
He assures Horace Greeley
that if the Union
can be saved by riveting the chains of the slave he will rivet them.
As for the slaves themselves, brushed with the wrongs of Dred and Uncle Tom, most provoking — they cannot be brought to ‘"burn with revenge."’--They are spies for their masters.
They obstinately refuse to run away to liberty, outrage, and starvation.
They work in the fields as usual when the planter and the overseer are away, and only the white women are left at home.
The black regiments of insurgent Unionists
have proved a failure and been disbanded.
We wonder how ‘"Professor
and Horace Greeley
look, now that their tours through the slave States are compared with facts, and laid alongside the dispatches and the telegrams of the belligerents.
, Wendell Phillips
, insured us a servile war the moment an army of liberation was marched into the South
; but the soda powder won't fizz; the lucifer match has been rubbed, but obstinately refuses to flare up. We were assured the Southerners were indolent, and their zoil stricken with hopeless and growing poverty.
They have sustained for nearly two years the shocks of a war to which these of Napoleon
were skirmishes rolled back the tide of battle, and are now thundering at the very gates of a quaking enemy, that have brought thirteen hundred thousand warriors into the field, and equipped, paid, fed, and furnished them, as never army and navy were sustained before.
We were told the Southerners were sunk in listless luxury and self indulgent sensuality; that they were depraved by self will and licentiousness below the capacity for administrative government.
What are the facts?
Never, we assert with the utmost confidence, was there known a people so able in public affairs, so heroic so brave, so prudent, so devoted.
Whatever may be the issue of this war, planters and slaveowners have raised up by their deeds an imperishable monument of their greatness and magnanimity.
In little more than a month they extemporized and matured a Government, a Constitution, a Legislature, social authority, that have stood the test of the most critical experiment with triumphant success, and are more workable, consistent, stable, and free, than the institutions they disowned.
The Border Slave States have left them to their fate; have armed against them.
Twenty millions of Unionists
have attacked six millions of ‘"rebels,"’ and the free States men have been beaten back to their very trenches by less than one third of their number of slave drivers.
The latter had no navy, and had to fight in every river, and struggle in every town against a powerful fleet.
They had not the nucleus of a regiment, a company, a squadron, scarcely a piece of artillery.
They had to raise regiments without any great centres of population — they had no powder mills, no foundries, no paper for cartridges, leather for shoes and harness, clothing — industry and production were paralyzed, and their intercourse with the world shut out by blockade.
They had to destroy their produce, abandon their cities to the invaders, and their villages to the flames — they were menaced with, and have had to provide for the contingency of a servile war — they have been left without the countenance of Europe
, and opposed by the border planters; yet behold the result of slavery as against equality and fraternity.
It is quite evident that the resources of the South
must be prodigious — that the state of society must be at least up to the standard of the greatest and most enlightened nations — that the culture of the people must be severe, self- denying, and refined — to produce such fruits as these.
All these proofs of wealth, strength, intelligence and virtue are more than borne out by the decennial-census made by the Federal Government
, itself, when no disturbing causes threw suspicion upon the returns.
In 1850 the breadstuffs of the free States were given at 334 000,000 of bushels, and of the ‘ "rebels"’ at 383,000,000; potatoes in the North
60,000,000, and in the South
44,000,000; milch cows
, 4,000,000 and 2,800,000 respectively; sheep, 15,000,000 in the North
, against 6,600,000 in the South
; swine, 10,000,000 in the North
and 20,000,000 in the South
; Northern bullocks 4,200,000, and Southern 6,085,000--This proportionate producer is 18½ bushels breadstuffs per head in the free, and 32 bushels in the slave States; of potatoes, 3½ bushels each; of rice, 18 pounds in the South
, and none at all in the North
; of sugar, 20¾ pounds in the South
, and all in the North
Besides all this, the South
exports £ 45,000,000 sterling in cotton and tobacco, for which the North
has no equivalent.
In a word, without the South
will fall to the state of Russia
, for its resources are really not greater, and the charity of Europe
in emigration alone raises it above the Muscovite level.
Let but the South
go on fighting pro aris at focts,
until its armies become as seasoned and thoroughly military as the cohorts of Cæsar, Napoleon
, or Wellington
, and they will need but a secession.
We know very well the cant will be — is being — fired off upon us by those whom an exposure of hard facts have argued to a non plus.
are you in favor of slavery?"’ Our answer is, that in the abstract we are against everything evil; but in the contrite we bow to the dispensations of Providence
, and do not presume to fly in the face of Divine wisdom.
Prostitution, drunkenness, illness, squalid indigence, sensuality, slavery, are not to be got rid of simply by shooting sensualists, sots, planters, through the head.
The slavery of Louisiana
is bad, but the liberty of Dahomey
is worse. --Slavery is an ordeal through which men must search their own way to freedom, the only way that God has decreed for permanent emancipation.
Who would be free himself must strike the blow, and all interference with the progress of society, in any other way than the Creator has prescribed, has only led, can only lead, to discomfiture and retrogression.
Salbist said truly, that the vicious and ignorant alone were slaves.