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Latest from the North.

Northern advices, of the 12th, have been received. Gen. McClellan's resignation has created a decided division between the parties at the North. He has issued a farewell address. Gen. Sickles has gone to Rappahannock Station to take command of the position held by Gen. Bayard's cavalry. Schuyler Colfax has been tendered the place of Secretary of the interior, in anticipation of Mr. Smith's retiring to take the place of Circuit Judge of Indiana. We give the following summary of the news:

The removal of Gen. M'Clellan--laconic address of his Successor — M Clellan's "last Words"--the feeling at the North about the removal — Lincoln again Yielding to the Radical pressure.

Gen. McClellan has been removed from the command of the army of the Potomac, and Gen. A. B. Burnside takes his place.

Gen. Burnside, on assuming command, issued an order, in which he says,

‘ "I accept control with the steadfast assurance that the just cause must prevail. Gen. McClellan is relieved from all duty, and is on his way to Trenton, N. J."

’ The causes which led to McClellan's removal are yet matters of speculation; but a letter written by Gen. Halleck to Secretary Stanton shows that Gen. H., on the 1st of October, advice a forward movement, and on the 6th peremptorily ordered it. Neither of these movements having been carried out, it is inferred that his led to his removal.

A want of supplies, according to Gen. H.'s letter, is shown not to have been the cause of the army's inaction; yet a dispatch from Gen. McClellan, date October 22d, ultimo, whilst disclaiming any reflection on the Quartermaster General's Department, yet reiterates that certain portions of his command were without clothing, and could not move until supplied.

Gen. Burnside's headquarters are at Warrenton, which has been in the possession of the Federal since Thursday, the 6th.

All officers belonging to the army of the Potomac are ordered to their several commands immediately.

The Chronicle and Republican, of Washington; the New York Tribune, and New York Times, approve of McClellan's removal. The Tribune says:

‘ "Though done at the last hour, it is not too late, it trusts, to save the country."

’ The Herald and the World are down on the removal. They say the President has again yielded to the Radical pressure.

The reports in regard to dissatisfaction in the army growing out of the removal, are pronounced unfounded by the Government news agent at Washington.

In Philadelphia the removal of McClellan met with no sort of favor; his friends condemned it, whilst the Radicals said it was no time to change commanders in the face of the enemy.

The first intimation Gen. McClellan had of his removal was the notification to that effect brought him by Gen. Buckingham.

Gen. McClellan took formal leave of the different army corps last Monday. On Sunday night the officers assembled at his headquarters to bid him aided. The only toast offered by Gen. McClellan was this laconic one: ‘"The army of the Potomac."’

At a Democratic ‘"jubilee"’ meeting in New York on Monday night, John Van Buren said that Lincoln had made McClellan the next President of the whole Union, though it would be under an amended Constitution.

Ira Harris, Republican Senator of New York, also denounced it in an open speech.

General McClellan, in quitting Warrenton, said to the troops, ‘"Stand by Burnside as you have stood by me, and all will be well."’

The news from Europe — no Chance of intervention--Lord Lyons Coming to Richmond — Excitement in England about the blockade of the Bermuda ports.

Lord Lyons, and Simon Cameron, U. S. Minister to Russia, arrived by the Scotia in New York on Saturday last.

Mr. Cameron says Russia is very friendly still to the United States. In England it is thought no intervention will take place till Parliament meets. He also says an attack by a rebel fleet fitting out in Europe upon Atlantic cities is by no means improbable, and recommends strengthening the fortifications at New York.

The English Cabinet meeting which was to take place on the 23d of October was postponed on the morning of the meeting. All the members except Lord Palmerston came to attend it. The Times says there are two interpretations given why the meeting was not held, one that there is a division in the Cabinet, Sir G. C. Lewis representing one party, and Hon. Mr. Gladstone the other. But the Times thinks the true solution is, that Sir G. C. Lewis expresses the opinion of the whole Cabinet, and whilst England regrets the shedding of blood, she does not mean to interfere. This opinion is confirmed by the Naval and Shipping Gazette, of Liverpool.

Lord Lyons, though returning uninstructed, is fully advised as to the views of the British Cabinet.

‘"Ion,"’ of the Baltimore Sun, says that Lord Lyons will visit Richmond within ten days after his arrival at Washington.

The English papers seem to be exercised at the blockade established by Com. Wilkes over the Bermuda ports, and Admiral Milne is instructed to increase his fleet at that station. They seem to look upon it as the more offensive, because it is under Wilkes. They have not forgotten the Trent affair.

A dispatch from Washington, of the 10th, says there is no apprehension of a foreign collision, unless it shall grow out of the course of England in allowing privateers to be fitted out in her ports to prey upon American commerce.

A letter received in New York from Paris, dated Oct. 25th, says there is no likelihood of anything being done by Napoleon in favor of the rebels until after the November elections.

Pennsylvania Obstinate — Apprehended Difficulties between the drafted men and the Provost Guard.

The removal of McClellan has brought things to a fever heat in Pennsylvania. The Philadelphia Inquirer, of the 12th, alluding to the precarious state of affairs at Camp Curtin, the principal camp of the drafted men of the ‘"Keystone"’ State, says:

‘ The State of feeling at Camp Curtin is unsettled, so far as the drafted men are concerned. The objections to going into the old regiments are persisted in, while the idea of giving up their company organizations is regarded as an act of tyranny. It is in contemplation to test the matter legally. The purpose is to bring a case before a court, and test whether the men drafted can claim the provision and protection of the State law under which they were called into service, or whether the officers now in the service can force the drafted men in the old regiments. This would be the proper and the safe means of settling what is really a grave difference,

The duty of the Provost guard at present is of a character at once onerous and dangerous. They occupy a position which is not fairly understood by the men in Camp Curtin, with whom a difficulty exists as to their disposal in companies and regiments. The Provost guard are bound to execute their orders. They are soldiers who know nothing but obedience, and it is to be hoped that the drafted men will not tempt the Provost guard into what might seem to be, if not actually become, bloody force. On the night of the 5th, the guard, while on duty, were very badly treated by the men in Camp Curtin. They were assailed with stones, thrown by men concealed behind tents, and otherwise rudely attacked by the drafted men. Insubordination of this kind is disgraceful to the guilty.

Since the differences and dissatisfactions among the drafted men, large numbers have deserted, and the purpose to do so is also avowed by still larger numbers of the men now in Camp Curtin. Every hour adds to the embarrassment. On the 6th inst., one of the men, in attempting to break the guard, was shot in the leg, and severely if not dangerously wounded.

The Court-Martial in the Harper's Ferry case.

The report of the Harper's Ferry Commission is published. White and Cols. D'Ubassy and Trimble are of all blame, and the capacity and courage of the former is praised. Col. Miles and Gens. Weel and McClellan, however, are freely censured--Col. Miles for neglecting to fortify Maryland Heights; Gen. Wool, for putting Col. Miles in command; and Gen. McClellan, for not sending Col. Miles reinforcements, or making any effort to send him any. The Commission also say that McClellan only marched six miles a Gay when pursuing the invading enemy, and they further say that Gen. McC. could and should have relieved and protected Harper's Ferry. Gen. Halleck, Commander-in-Chief, testified to this effect before the Commission.

Affairs in Washington.

A dispatch from Washington contains the following wholesale denials:

The agent of the associated press inquired at the State Department to-day about the current statements of Mr. Seward's having been consulted by Mr. Buchanan in the closing period of his administration. Also, about startling hostile announcements having been made by Mr. Mercier to the Secretary of State, and about protracted and adjourned and anxious meetings of the Cabinet, involving serious military and Cabinet changes. The Secretary simply replied to the inquiry that the alleged consultations between himself and Mr. Buchanan were imaginary. The reported propositions of Mr. Mercier were apocryphal, and the alleged Cabinet meetings fabulous.

Federal Account of the raid into Fredericksburg.

The Northern papers, of the 12th, notice the mortifying affair at Fredericksburg. They say they crossed the river with fifty-four men, lost one killed and one wounded, and captured thirty-four prisoners, of which they paroled six. They regard it as the greatest dash of the war. They represent our force there to have been 500 men at the time. They also mentioned the capture of the cloth.


The hospitals in Washington are being cleared of the convalescents with all possible dispatch. In all, about three thousand soldiers have joined Gen. McClellan's army from the camp of the convalescents. Very considerable numbers of invalid soldiers have been allowed to go home latterly, in order, as it is supposed, to have more hospital room in Washington in case a great battle should come off in front.

Major General Hunter has been assigned to the Department of the Carolinas, and will leave in a few days for his post. He has succeeded, says the Northern papers, in getting all he wants, and, when he returns, look out for a breeze.

Gen. Jackson, they say, is at Front Royal, and Gen. Grant advancing in Mississippi, being, on the 9th, 6 miles of Holly Springs, where he captured 130 Confederate cavalry.

It is stated that Mayor Monroe, of New Orleans, is not dead, but is still in confinement, wearing a ball and chain.

The immigration at New York for October shows an increase of 2,921 over the number for the corresponding month last year.

D. A. Mahoney has been released from the old Capitol prison.

Gen. Hooker is up on his feet again, and will be ready to take the field in a very short time.

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