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Latest Northern News.

We give some further very interesting extracts from our Northern files of the 27th ult. The expansion of Gen. Banks was at Fortress Monroe on the 27th, and was to sall for its destination in a day . The Baltic is the flag-ship, and the number of men composing the expedition is stated at . It appears from the Northern papers that Fredericksburg movement was determined on the 13th ult., on the occasion of the visit of Halleck to Burnside, and that the consent of Lincoln was not obtained until the following Saturday. I dispatch from Offutt's Cross Roads, in Montgomery county, Md., dated the 28th, gives the following account of a Confederate dash:

This morning at daylight a body of rebel cavalry, supposed to be sixty strong, entered Poolesville Messrs. Cherry and Sargeant, the Government telegraph operators stationed there, in bed them and permitted them to telegraph to Washington. This boldness of the has caused much excitement in this neighborhood.

1st coming battle at Nashville--the position of the Opposing forces--Gen. Rosencranz--his Intention to fight, &C.

Probably the key point of the theatre of war in degreat West is the city of Nashville, the capital of Tennessee. Seated in the midst of the great central basin of the State, surrounded by a highly and very fertile agricultural district, enjoying considerable facilities for military manufacture the focus of several important paved roads and railways, and within two days of the Ohio river by water when the Cumberland is at a good stage, the political and strategical importance of Nashville can hardly be overrated. A letter, dated the 18th ult. says of its defences.

When I left here in September the fort on St. Cloud Hill had hardly been begun. Now it covers the entire hill, looming into vast proportions and dignified with a title. Not a gun had been mounted or a rifle-pit dug; the Capitol remained unornamented with slege guns, and the water-works had sot anticipated being turned into a fort. Now the city is encircled by a chain of rifle pits and forts.--The streets have been barricaded and pitfalls made it is almost impossible to get in or out of the city.

The next battle is expected to occur on Duck river, near Elk Ridge, about fifty miles south of unless the Confederates should advance on the city. A correspondent of the New York sends that paper a map, showing Morgan to be twenty miles from Nashville Forrest at Lavergne, the same distance Breckinridge at Murfreesboro', twenty miles this side of Forrest, and Anderson's Buckner's, Cheatham's, and Withers's near Elk Ridge. The letter gives the following arrangement of the Yankee forces:

Gen Rosecrans's line now extends from Nashville (right wing) to Lebanon, (left wing,) and that it may be represented by the turnpike road, as laid down on the map which I send you accompanying this. This line has been thoroughly reconnoitered by the enemy, and they are as well acquainted with it as our own officers. Forrest and John Morgan have several times paid their respects to it, and one or two of their reconnaissances have resulted somewhat seriously. It will be seen by reference to the map that from the right and left positions of the army two turnpikes run nearly parallel to the rebel positions south of Duck river, a third central road converging with the eastern pike at Murfreesboro. It is by these roads that the rebels expect Gen. Rosecrans to operate, and it is very evident that they are making their preparations to oppose his march by these routes.

The writer estimates the whole Confederate strength at 36,550. A letter from Nashville, dated the 18th ult., gives some information given by a Confederate prisoner captured the day before. It says:

‘ He states that on Thursday evening he accompanied a reconnoitering force to within six miles of the city. The Lunatic Asylum, on the Murfreesboro' turnpike, was the nearest point to the city to aided the rebels came. This place is visible from the Capitol with the naked eye, but it is hardly presumed that anything but the buildings can be seen. The force making the reconnaissance consisted of the First Tennessee cavalry, about twelve hundred strong, and Freeman's battery, consisting of six places. General Forrest of guerrilla fame, commanded. A general survey of the country was made, our picket line examined, and also the hedges and berricodes established beyond it. These barriers and obstructions are made by building a doubt line of parallel forces and filling the space between with brushwood. It is perfectly to passable to cavalry. Gen. Forrest remarked, on examining it, that ‘"it must be the work of some damned Dutchman."’ The reconnaissance was not completed until late at night when the force returned to Lavergne, where it went into camp. This force is the outpost of the enemy, and is held as a post of observation. When this army moves Forrest will fall back to Murfreesboro'. John Morgan is on camped about ten miles south of Lebanon, engaged in watching the movements of our left wing. When the movement begins these two post of observation, it is supposed, will be abandoned, and Morgan and Forrest will fall back to Murfreesboro', and the whole force then retire towards Tullahoma and the main army. Such are the inferences drawn from the best information of rebel intentions and the situation of their forces.

Major-General Breckinridge command the advanced infantry force of the rebels. This division of Bragg's army did not penetrate into Kentucky, but remained in front of Nashville, operating under General Anderson, Breckinridge in person being for a short time in Kentucky, lending his influence to induce Kentucky to secede. It is said that he became disgusted and returned to Tennessee.--His division is about 5,000 strong. Among the brigades is that of General Maxcy, which figured in Buell's rear when evacuating North Alabama, and which fought at Stevenson and Fort McCook in August last. This division is abundantly supplied with artillery, there being six batteries with it. 'No works have been built at Murfreesboro' of a formidable character, unless they have been projected and constructed within the past week.

The main rebel army is encamped at Tullahoma and Estell Springs. The former point is at the junction of the Manchester and McMinnville and Nashville and Chattanooga railroads. This near Duck river, which, at the crossing of the railroad, and for miles East and West of it, is a formidable river, the banks being precipitous and almost impassable. The Southern bank is bluffly and higher than that of the opposite shore. Estell Springs is a watering place, in the centre of a highly productive and finely watered district. It is unimportant in a strategic sense, and the force encamped there have been so located on account of the supply of water.

Affairs around Fredericksburg — Flags of truce — Deserters — the rebels, &C.

A letter from ‘"Headquarters, opposite Fredericksburg,"’ date the 23d, after a superfluous announcement that the Yankee army is still on the north side of the Rappahannock, gives the following gossip:

‘ You are already aware that flags of truce are being sent to and received from the rebel commanders at Fredericksburg. Yesterday we were honored by a visit from General Kershaw and Col Bland, of the rebel army, on behalf of the military authorities, and Mayor Slaughter, to represent the civic portion of Fredericksburg. The nature of the meeting that took place it is not desirable to make public; but it is sufficient to say that there is an evident intention on the part of the rebels to prevent us from crossing the Rappahannock, if they can. This intention on their part is evident to all from the active preparations that they are making to defend the passage. They have had commanding the ford at Falmouth a battery of four light pieces, planted on an eminence a short distance from the banks of the river, and on Friday night they employed a number of men to throw up breastworks of earth before the guns, and yesterday morning they were, to all appearances, ready for work. Other batteries have been placed at different points along the river, all threatening our front, and yesterday there were seen batteries coming towards the city. Together with this they have evidently received large reinforcements of infantry, as the large camp fires, that are visible at night, would clearly testify.

For a great distance last evening the sky was red with the reflection of these fires, and if it was their intention to evacuate such would certainly not be the case. It is supposed by many that Long street has been reinforced by Lee and his command, or a portion of them. The presence of Longstreet at Fredericksburg would seem to indicate that when we left Warrenton he moved in a parallel line with us from Culpeper Court-House another strong proof as to the intentions of our enemy is that yesterday we could plainly perceive many families leaving the city, and the smoke issuing from the chimneys of the houses this morning was but little. Whether the inhabitants are leaving at the instigation of the rebel commander, or for fear that the city will be shelled, of course I cannot tell; but that the greater portion have gone is certain.

Yesterday two or three shots were tired at trains that were seen coming out of the depot; but no apparent injury was done to them as they steamed off in the direction of Richmond. The rebel pickets are still seen, quietly sitting by the river bank, and ours are on this side; but as yet there is no firing on either side. The usual conversations have ceased, and more serious feeling has taken the place of the excitement and curiosity of the first day.

This morning, at an early hour, two of the rebel soldiers, under the command of Col. Bland, of the Seventh South Carolinas regiment, deserted the ranks, and, crossing the Rappahannock, gave themselves up to our pickets. They are large, fine looking men, and claim to be brothers, although their appearance would contradict the fact. Their statements go to prove that my surmise as to the movements of the rebels was correct. Gen. Longstreet, they say, has more than forty thousand soldiers; but they are unable to give the names of brigades or regiments. They were on guard on the opposite side of the river, and seizing this favorable opportunity, they took the small boat that was lying there and came over.

There is a singular history connected with the flag of truce that was used by General Patrick in his visit to the city of Fredericksburg on Friday, which is well worth giving publicity to. It was used by General Willcox then Colonel Willcox, while held a prisoner by the rebels after the first Bull Run fight, to bind up his wound, and was we believe, given to him some time ago by Mrs. General Ricketts Strange that it should have traveled so far, and at last been the means of our visiting a rebel city to demand its surrender.

Their picket force along the banks of the river has been considerably increased to-day. The conversation between the opposing pickets is still kept up and though frequently taking on a profane tune, is both amusing and instructive, as showing the condition of the rebels. ‘"You have lost your best man,"’ shouted out one this forenoon. ‘'Burnside is played out we don't care a d — n for him."’ A 9th New Hampshire boy inquired in return where they had stolen their blue over coats. ‘"We took them off the dead at Antietam, why didn't you take ours?"’ ‘"Because they walked off so fast,"’ was the reply. Another rebel wanted to know if we had any Bull Run boys with us. ‘"Have you any South Mountain and Antietam boys with you,"’ retorted one of our pickets ‘"It isn't Maryland any longer, is it?"’ cried out one of our boys. Not one who has conversed with our men but expresses himself tired of the war. This afternoon, as I rode for some distance along the ranks, and saw them shivering in the cold, with no fire and very light garments, I thought to myself, ‘"they indeed have a reason to be tired of the war."’ This morning, a woman using a secesh flag over her house, nearly opposite to where I am writing, our pickets cried out to her that they had ‘"spotted"’ that building, and would be there before night. The Confederate rag thereupon immediately disappeared.

The New route to Richmond — what the Yankees think of it — the Failure to Outwit Gen. Lee Acknowledged.

A correspondent of the New York Herald, writing from Stafford C. H., the 22d, says:

‘ There is no sign of any movement in the corps which we are attached, although it is asserted that at all hazards we must reach Fredericksburg and deploy our columns on some line beyond it, even if it be, as necessity seems to point, a line of defence for the winter.

The project of a sudden advance on Richmond in two grand columns, by way of Culpeper and Fredericksburg, seems to have fallen through — at least it is at a stand.

While the enemy was lying entrenched at Gordonsville, with a portion of our forces threatening him in front, it was thought by quiet marches we might gain Fredericksburg before he could have knowledge of our movement, and thus, from a point practically nearer Richmond than his own, run a race with him for the rebel capital.

We reached Fredericksburg — that is, a portion of our army did — but the race did not come off, although the stakes were up.

Instead of advancing further, this wing of the army was halted one day at noon, as soon as our advance reached Falmouth, and next day the rain began, and with it came King Mud; so you hear from me still in the same position as that of yesterday, and the day before, and with no other report to be made to you on my part than ‘"All's quiet on the Rappahannock"’--as far as we have got.

’ The Washington correspondent of the New York World telegraphs as follows:

General Burnside has abandoned the Warrenton and Gordonsville route to Richmond, and is coming up the Rappahannock and the railroad lines to Fredericksburg, whence he moves towards Richmond. This move he has doubtless been forced to make, because of his long rear left open necessarily to ‘"danger and shame,"’ The result will cause much delay. Bridges will have to be built at Frederick burg across the Rappahannock, and new wharves constructed at Aquia Creek. The rebel army is probably transferring its position to the West bank of the North Anns river, a few miles below Fredericksburg. A friend of mine, who returned from the army to-day, and whose statements are entitled to the highest confidence, had interviews with the various corps commanders and Gen. Burnside. He tells me that they all do not present by any means a cheerful state of affairs.--Gen. Hooker says that Burnside cannot take Richmond alone. Some diversion of the enemy must be created somewhere South of the rebel capital before it could be done, and he seemed to intimate that such a diversion was not now included in the present plans.

’ The Washington correspondents generally, as well as the papers in that city, are remarking upon the ‘"new base"’ of army operations:

‘ The Washington Republican (anti-McClellan) now makes the admission that, had he not been removed, that General would have brought on a battle in three or four days. It also thinks if Richmond is captured in ‘"ten days,"’ it will be an example of celerity very new in the war, and very refreshing.

’ The Washington correspondent of the Philadelphia Ledger gives this warning on the same subject:

‘ I would advise you not to place too much reliance upon the report of forward movements against the enemy in Virginia. Nearly two months ago, when every paper was filled with reports of onward movements I then cautioned you against them, and with how much truth let the present position of affairs answer. As to the new base of operations, Fredericksburg, I have but little faith in the same, as it places our forces in a desert country, and renders them liable to flank attacks, which it will be difficult to provide against. But enough on this point for the present.

It appears that the routs to Richmond via Fredericksburg is the one always advocated by that natural commander, Phil. Kearney, who greatly preferred it to the Peninsula road, or that by way of Manassas.

The New York Herald on the mediation Question — no Show for intervention — Russia the friend of the United States.

The New York Herald has a long article on the recent foreign news about mediation, some portion of which is interesting. After reviewing the diplomatic notes, it says:

‘ Thus even the moral support of Russia in favor of mediation depends on two contingencies; and one or other, perhaps either of them, may never happen. First, France must persevere in her course; and, second, England must acquiesce. Now. It is not very likely that France will persevere if England will not openly join in the movement; and England, strengthened by the reluctance of Russia, will not be precipitated into a position which involves her interests in a far higher degree than the interests of the other two Powers. France has no special interests in America; still less has Russia. England has vast interests at stake — her immense commercial relations and her colonies, including the Canada, Nova Scotia, the West Indian Islands, and her possessions on the Pacific, to say nothing of her risk of losing Ireland before the struggle terminated. She is dependent on America for even the necessaries of life, and corn has become king instead of cotton. This, therefore, is the source of her hesitation and not any decent respect for the feelings and susceptibilities of the American people, much less any genuine good will to the republic or its institutions.--Russia, calculating, therefore, that England will not venture to place herself in so perilous an attitude, gives a vague and general pledge of ‘"moral support"’ should France persevere in the mediation scheme and should British statesmen acquiesce — consenting once more to be dragged after the tall of the Emperor, as in the case of the war in the Crimea, from which France derived all the glory and the profit, while England had to pay the principal part of the expense.

To keep the mercurial and discontented French people employed abroad is the greatest task of Napoleon. He wishes to prevent their brooding over their own condition. By diverting the military enthusiasm of the French against foreign nations, Napoleon saves France from revolution. This is the game he played in the Crimea, played in Italy, and is now playing in Mexico, and which he desires soon to play in the United States. But England is impelled by no such necessity. The population is more patient and tractable, and her statesmen will count the cost before they consent to another degrading alliance with Napoleon, especially where her most vital interests most be put into the opposite scale.

But even suppose France should persevere in the mediation project, and England should acquiesce, the mere moral support of Russia would be of little avail. France is well aware that any moral pressure upon the American people would be as futile as the idle wind. But the moment intervention goes beyond that point, then Russia will not be with France and England--perhaps she would be wholly with the American people. Her interests do not conflict, but harmonize with ours. In the Eastern hemisphere the destiny of Russia is to absorb all the minor States around her, and she is every day making rapid progress in that policy.--She will soon be, if she is not already, the great Power of Europe and Asia. In the Western World the United States is destined to play the same part. One of these Governments is an absolute despotism — the other is a representative Democracy.--But both are suited for the regions and races where they prevail. Both are philosophical, and will fulfill their destiny without coming into collision or competition with the other. Not so the milk and water Governments that stand between them, and are neither one thing nor the other.

The war in the Southwest.

Railroad communication between Louisville and Nashville is complete. A train went through on Wednesday last. A dispatch from Nashville dated the 26th says:

‘ Sixty paroled rebel officers and soldiers took the oath of allegiance to-day voluntarily, as did also a number of rebel citizens.

Fifty paroled Federal officers and soldiers, who have surrendered in a cowardly manner to the rebels at different times, were marched through the streets, dressed in night caps, and sent to Camp Chase.

Cairo, Nov. 26, 1862.--Gen. Hovey's expedition, consisting of seventeen transports, carrying about ten thousand men, which left Helena some days since, returned on Friday. It proceeded to the mouth of White river, but, owing to its lowness, could go no further. Its destination is said to have been Little Rock.

Later from New Orleans — Sweeping orders from Gen. Butler--a portion of Louisiana Confiscated.

The latest news received at New York from New Orleans brings another batch of orders from Beast Butler. The Times says:

‘ The property within the District recently possessed by our forces under Gen. Weitzel, to be known as the Latouche District, is declared sequestered, and all sales or transfers of it are forbidden. This District comprises all the territory of Louisiana lying west of the Mississippi, excepting the parishes of Praemunire and Jefferson. A Commission is appointed to take possession of the District, and the sugar plantations are to be worked by them where they are not worked by their owners, and negroes or white laborers may be employed at discretion. All property belonging to disloyal persons is to be inventoried and sold for the benefit of the Government, under the provisions of the Confiscation act. Another order suppresses distilleries and other manufactories of strong drink.--Another one suppresses the newspaper known as the National Advocate, for an improper publication. Still another prohibits the arrest of any slave unless the person arresting knows that such slave is owned by a loyal citizen. Gen. Shepley as Military Governor of the State, has also issued two orders. One directs an election of two members of Congress from the First and Second Congressional Districts of the State. The election is appointed for the 3d of December, and is to fill vacancies in the Thirty seventh Congress Our correspondent's letter also contains an extra-ordinary development relative to the doings of Hon. Reverdy Johnson in New Orleans. It appears that the money seized by Gen. Butler at the French Consul's, and which was returned at the direction of Johnson, actually belonged to citizens of New Orleans, and was taken charge of by the Consul to pay for cloth in Havana, awaiting to run the blockade, to be used by the Confederate Government, and that the money, $405,000, has been actually sent from New Orleans to Havana, within a short period, on board the Spanish war steamer Blanco de Garay.

The New York times on retaliation — the rebel authorities to be brought to judgment.

The New York Times has an editorial on the recent order of President Davis, ordering the execution of the next ten Federal officers falling into the hands of Gen. Holmes, in reprisal for the Missouri massacre. It says:

‘ It further appears by the latest advices from New Orleans, that on a recent occasion when a portion of three companies of the 8th Vermont regiment of volunteers were captured by the rebels in the interior of Louisiana, seven of the number were shot by the rebel officers, ‘"on the ground that they had been enlisted in New Orleans."’ By what rule the enlistment of men in New Orleans, a city that Jeff. Davis has not for nearly a year exercised any authority over, doom them to be shot, is beyond our power to explain; and we trust that our Government will authorize Gen. Butler to make a note of the transaction in his future dealings with the rebel officers in Louisiana.

With reference to the threatened retaliation on Geo. McNeil, of Missouri, for his punishment of guerrillas, or upon a sufficient number of Union prisoners to represent him, the case seems no less plain against the Confederate authorities. Guerrillas and bridge burners in the Union interest in East Tennessee and elsewhere have been invariably and incontinently, not shot, but hung, by the rebels, whenever they could lay hands on them.--They have set an example of zealous and implacable hostility to these irregular partisans. Their Congress has distinctly refused to recognize them as a part of the rebel force. Yet Jeff Davis now essays to take them under his wing, not in the seceded States only, but far up in Missouri, where he has not now, and has not had for a year, a military force of the slightest strength or significance to justify the pretext of the pendency of legitimate hostilities. For all these things let the rebel authorities be quickly brought to judgment.


The Washington correspondent of the World telegraphs that Lincoln will submit his emancipation proclamation to Congress for reconsideration and modification.

Gen. McClellan's reports, not yet published, are to be presented to Congress with the letters of the President to the Young Napoleon.

The Philadelphia Inquirer wonders where Jackson is, and thinks he ‘"seems determined to vindicate his reputation as the great bugbear of the Union army."’

Over 3,000 sick soldiers have arrived in Washington in the last few days from Burnside's army.

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