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[Southern Association Dispatch.]A telegram to the Associated Press, dated Dec. 31st, says: "Our whole line suffered terribly. At 2 o'clock P. M., General Thomas had certainly broken the rebel centre, and driven him a mile or more, Gen. Rosecrans commanding in person the movements. The 15th Wisconsin regiment suffered terribly, losing nearly half the entire regiment, including eight officers." The latest from Louisville says, "Gen. Rosecrans captured Murfreesboro' on Tuesday, and now occupies it. The rebels are in full retreat to Tullahoma. Over 200 wagons following Rosecrans were captured by the rebels under Col. Wheeler, of Tennessee." The fight was renewed on the 1st with great fury. There was heavy loss on both sides. Gen McCook fell back two miles before an overwhelming column. He rallied his troops, but was again driven back. At latest accounts he was five miles this side of the ground occupied in the morning.--The battle continued until night, at which time the Confederates held their position. The Union loss is very heavy. Killed--Brigadier-General Sill, Lieut-Colonel Garesche, (Rosecrans's Chief of Staff,) and Gen. Willick, of Indiana; Col. Kelley, of the 2d Ohio; Col. Schaffer, acting Brigadier General; Col. Farmer, 15th Kentucky; Col. Cotton, 6th Kentucky; Col. Jones, 37th Indiana; Major Carpenter, 19th Regulars; Major Rosengarten, of Philadelphia; Col. Carpenter, 18th Wisconsin; Lieut. Colonel McKee, 15th Wisconsin. Wounded--Brigadier General Cock, Ill; Gen. Wood, Ind.; Gen. Vancleve, Minn.; Major- General Rossean, Ky.; Major Stemmer, 16th Regulars, and a host of other officers, filling over two columns. The total Federal loss in killed and wounded is estimated at thirty thousand. The rebel loss is put down as much heavier. The Federals claim to have captured 700 prisoners. The Herald, of the 2d, contains nothing further in reference to the battle. Gov. Seymour was inaugurated on yesterday. He made no address, but spoke a few words, saying he would send in his message to the Legislature. The Herald's dispatch from Louisville says that Rosecrans still holds his original position. Nothing further had been received from the army up to 3 o'clock on the 2d. Gen. McCook is reported mortally wounded. Lincoln issued his emancipation proclamation on the 1st. It is ridiculed by the Times He advise the slaves to make no demonstration of violence except in "self defence." A dispatch in the Times, from Rollenfork, Ky., announces a brilliant victory over the rebel guerrilla Morgan. At last accounts he was making towards Columbia, in fall retreat, leaving ammunitions and provisions behind, with General Reynolds in close pursuit. The Times reports an important cavalry expedition, under Major Russell, as having been absent some days.
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